Al-Kāfi - Volume 6

Author: Shaykh Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb b. Isḥāq al-Kulaynī (d. 329 AH)
Translator: Shaykh Muhammad Sarwar

The Book of ‘Aqiqah (Offering Animal Sacrifice for a Newborn Child)

1. Excellence of Son

2. Resemblance of a Child

3. Excellence of Daughters

4. Prayer and Appeal before Allah for a Son

5. If When Pregnant one Keeps Her Intention to Name the Child Muhammad or Ali the Child will be a Boy: and the Prayer for it

6. Beginning of the Creation of a Human Being and His Turning in His Mother’s Womb

7. When a Woman Gives Birth to More than one Child

8. Discipline to Follow During Childbirth

9. Congratulation for Childbirth

10. Names and Titles

11. Complete Creation

12. Foods Preferable for a Pregnant or a Woman during Childbirth to Eat

13. Special Treatments for the Newborn

14. Al-’Aqiqah and its Being Obligatory

15. ‘Aqiqah for Boys or Girls is the Same

16. ‘Aqiqah is not Obligatory on One who Cannot Find

17. On the Seventh Day from Birth the Newborn’s Head is Shaved and a Name is Given to Him

18. ‘Aqiqah is not Equal to al-’Adhiyah (animal offered as sacrificial offering during al-Hajj) and it is Sufficient in Place of ‘Aqiqah

19. Words to Say on ‘Aqiqah

20. The Mother should not Eat from the Meat of ‘Aqiqah

21. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and Fatimah, ‘Alayha al-Salam, Offered ‘Aqiqah for al-Hassan and al-Husayn

22. Abu Talib Offered ‘Aqiqah for the Holy Prophet, O Allah , Grant Compensation to Muhammad and his Family Worthy of their Services to Your Cause

23. Cleansing, Circumcision

24. Lowering for Girls

25. After Seven Days from Birth Shaving is not Required

26. The Rare Ahadith

27. Shaving Certain Parts of the Head of a Newborn and Leaving other Parts

28. Breastfeeding

29. The Liability of the Breastfeeder

30. The Preferable and Non-preferable Milk

31. The One Who has More Priority for the Custody of a Small Child

32. Growth of a Child

33. Disciplines for a Child

34. The Rights of Children

35. Kindness to Children

36. Giving Preference to One Child Over the Others

37. Intelligence of a Boy and Signs of his Nobility

38. Rare Ahadith

The Book of Talaq (Divorces)

1. Detestability of Divorcing a Cooperating Wife

2. Divorcing an Uncooperative Wife

3. People Do not Remain Straight in Matters of Divorce without the Sword

4. The Divorces Not According to the Book and Sunnah

5. Divorce Does not Take Place unless Once has the Intention to Divorce

6. There Cannot be Divorce before Marriage

7. Divorce in Writing

8. Explanation of Divorce with Waiting Period and what Makes Divorce Binding

9. The Necessary Expressions to Pronounce with the Decision to Divorce

10. Three Talaq (Divorce) in Hayd (menses) Free Period in the Presence of Witnesses in One place and Time or More is One Talaq

11. The Case of One who Arranges Witnesses Separately or Divorces in the Presence of a People but Does not Ask them to Bear Witness

12. Appointing Witness to Divorce Two Women with One word

13. Arranging Witness for Revocation of Divorce

14. Revocation of Divorce without Going to Bed is not Valid

15. No name

16. No name

17. One Who is not Lawful for her Husband without Marriage to another Man

18. Issues that Validate and Invalidate Divorce

19. An Absent Man Returns and Divorces at that Time that Divorce Does not Take Place until She Experiences Hayd (menses)

20. Women who Can be Divorced in all Conditions

21. Divorce by an Absent Husband

22. Divorce of a Pregnant Woman

23. Divorce of a Woman whose Marriage is not Consummated

24. Divorce of One who is not Mature yet and Divorce of One after Menopause

25. Women Whose Hayd (menses) is Confusing

26. The Time when a Divorced Woman in the Manner of Divorce with Waiting Period and Revocable Form Becomes Stranger to him

27. Meaning of al^Iqra’ (Hayd-free period)

28. Waiting Period for a Divorced Woman and Where She must have it

29. The Difference between one Divorced in Non-Sunnah manner and the One who Goes out in her Waiting Period or is Sent out by the Husband

30. Explanation of the words of Allah, most, High, ‘You must not send them out of their homes and they must not go out. .

31. Divorce of a Woman whose Hayd (menses) is Confusing

32. Divorce of Women Who Hide Their Experiencing Hayd (menses)

33. The Case of a Woman who Experiences Hayd (menses) after Every Two or Three Months

34. Waiting Period of a Woman whose Hayd (menses) is Confused

35. The Word of Women are Accepted in Matters of Hayd (menses)

36. A Woman Confused about Pregnancy

37. Maintenance of Pregnant Divorced Women

38. A Woman Divorcee Three Times Does not have the Right for Lodging or Maintenance

39. Benefits for a Divorced Woman

40. The Rights of a Divorced Woman of mahr (dower) with Whom He has not Gone to Bed

41. The Issue that Completes Mahr (dower)

42. The Divorced Woman Whose Husband is Absent Commences Her ‘Iddah (waiting period) from the Day She is Divorced

43. Waiting period of a Widow whose Husband is Absent

44. Reason for Difference about Waiting Period and Waiting Period of a Widow

45. Waiting Period of a Pregnant Widow and Her Expenses

46. Waiting Period of a Widow with whom he has Gone to Bed and where she must Complete her Waiting Period and Her Obligations

47. The Case of a Woman whose Husband Dies before Going to Bed with her and that there is no Waiting Period and Mahr (dower) for her

48. The Case of a Man who Divorces his Wife and Dies before her Waiting period Ends

49. Divorce and Marriage during one’s Illness

50. About words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, . do not harm them (women) to make it Difficult for them

51. Divorce of Children

52. Divorce of People with Mental Condition and Insane Ones and their Guardian

53. Divorce by a Drunk Man

54. Divorce of One Compelled and Coerced

55. Divorce by a Speechless Man

56. Appointing an Attorney for Divorce

57. Swearing and Taking an Oath

58. ’Ila’ (swearing) does not Take Place except after Going to Bed with one’s Wife

59. If a Man Says to his Wife, ‘You are Unlawful for me”

60. The Free, Cleared and Severed Woman

61. The Choices

62. How the Choice originally was

63. Al-Khul* (Divorce for Payment)

64. Al-Mubarat (disavowing) or Divorce for Payment

65. Waiting Period for al-KhuP and al-Mubarat (disavowing), the Maintenance and Housing for such Women

66. Disharmony Between Wife and Husband

67. The Two Arbitrators in the case of Discord

68. The Absent and Missing

69. A Woman Receives News of the Death of her Husband or her Divorce, Counts her Waiting Period then Marries and her Previous Husband Comes

70. A Woman’s Receiving News of being Divorced by her husband thus She Marries then her first Husband Comes then She is Separated from Both

71. A Woman Waiting Period from a Castrated Husband

72. One Who Becomes ill Mentally after Marriage

73. Al-Zihar

74. Al-Li‘an (Condemnation)

The Book of Hunting

1. Hunting Dog and Cheetah

2. Hunting of Falcons, Hawks and Others

3. Hunting of Zoroastrian and Taxpayer’s Dogs

4. Hunting with Weapons

5. Al-Mi‘Rad (Flareless Arrows)

6. Hunting with Stone and Clay-ball

7. Hunting with a Snare

8. A Man Shoots a Prey, Hits it and it Falls in Water or Rolls Down the Mountain

9. A Man Shoots a Prey, Misses it but Hits another

10. Hunting During the Night

11. Fishing

12. Another Chapter on the Same Topic

13. Locusts

14. Hunting Domestic Birds

15. Al-Khuttaf the Bird of Black Color, a kind of Crow

16. Hoopoe and Shrike

17. The Lark

The Book of Slaughtering Animals for Food

1. Tools for Slaughtering

2. Another Chapter on the above Subject in an Emergency

3. The Manner of Slaughtering and al-Nahr

4. The Case of a Man who Wants to Slaughter an Animal and the Knife by Mistake Cuts off the Head

5. The Camel and Bull Resist Slaughtering

6. The Case of an Animal Slaughtered from a Part other than the Proper Place

7. How Proper Slaughtering is Achieved

8. The Case of an Animal Slaughtered without Facing al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah), Mentioning the name of Allah or one after Sexual Intercourse Slaughters

9. The Unborn Young that is Found inside the Animal Slaughtered

10. Slaughtering of Animals butted by other Animals Fall or Eaten by Predators

11. Blood that Falls in the Cooking Pot

12. The Time in which Slaughtering is not Desirable

13. Another Chapter on the above Issue

14. The Case of Animal Slaughtered by Children, Women and a Blind Person

15. Slaughtering by the People of the Book

The Book of Food

1. Reason for Unlawfulness

2. Comprehensive Chapter on Animals that are not Edible

3. Another Chapter; Signs of Edible and Inedible Birds

4. Signs of Edible and Inedible Eggs

5. Lamb and Young Goats Fed with the Milk of Pigs

6. Flesh of Animals that Feed on Human Feces, their Eggs and the Sheep that Drinks Wine

7. Things Inedible in Sheep and other Animals

8. The Case of the Tails of Sheep Cut off into two and the Animal Hunted

9. Things that can be Used from a Dead Animal and things that Cannot be Used

10. Unlawful to use for Food the Flesh of Animals Sexually Molested by Human Beings

11. About the Flesh of a Sexually Active Ram

12. Mixing of Dead Animals with Slaughtered Clean

13. Another Chapter on the Above Issue

14. The Rat that Dies in Food or Drinks

15. Mixing of Lawful Things with others in Something

16. The Food of Taxpayers’ Eating with them and their Utensils

17. A Mention of Transgressors and Rebels

18. Eating Clay

19. Eating and drinking in Gold and Silver Utensils

20. Undesirability of Eating and Drinking on the Table where Wine is Served

21. Undesirability of Over-Eating

22. Walking to a Feast without Being Invited

23. Eating when Leaning Against Something

24. Eating with the Right Hand

25. Eating while Walking

26. Several Hands Should Come Together for Food

27. The Inviolability of Food

28. Accepting the Invitation of a Muslim

29. Offering Food and Showing Courtesy

30. A Man’s Finding Comfort in the House of His Brother (in belief)

31. A Man’s Eating in the House of his Brother (in belief) without his Permission

32. Without Title

33. Another Chapter about Measurement and that there is no Accounting for Food

34. Preparation of Food for a Ceremony, like Wedding and so forth

35. When a Man Enters a Town he is a Guest of his Brothers (in belief) who Live there

36. Guest is for Three Days Only

37. Undesirability of Making the Guest Work

38. The Sustenance of a Guest Comes with Him

39. The Right of Guest and Honoring Him

40. Eating with the Guest

41. The Child of Adam is Hollow; thus He must Eat Food

42. Lunch and Dinner

43. Excellence of Dinner and Undesirability of Ignoring it

44. Wudu (washing hands clean) before and after Food

45. Description of Wudu before Eating Food

46. Using a Towel to Wipe one’s Face after Wudu (Washing)

47. Mentioning the name of Allah and Tahmid (All Praise Belongs to Allah) over the Food

48. The Rare Ahadith

49. Eating Pieces of Food that Fall on the Table-spread

50. The Excellence of Bread

51. Barley Bread

52. Bread of Rice

53. Kinds of Sawiq (roasted flour) and the Excellence of Sawiq of Wheat

54. Sawiq of Lintels

55. Excellence of Meat

56. One who Does not Eat Meat for Forty Days his Manners Change

57. The Excellence of the Meat of Sheep Over Goats

58. The Meat of Cows and their Fat

59. Meat of Camels and Camels of Khurasan

60. The Meat of Birds

61. The Meat of Deer and Wild Donkeys

62. The Meat of Buffalo

63. Undesirability of Eating Fresh (Raw)Meat

64. About Qadid (Dried Meat)

65. The Excellence of Shoulder Over other Parts

66. Mixed Dish

67. Tharid (Pieces of Bread in Broth)

68. Roast, al-Kabab and Heads

69. Al-Harisah (Mashed Grains and Meat)

70. Al-Muthallathah (Preparation of three Kinds of Grains) Al-Hasa’ Flour Cooked with Oil Sweet or without

71. Al-Halwa’ (Sweet)

72. Hot Food

73. Making the Bones Bare

74. About Fish

75. Eggs and Chicken

76. Excellence of Salt

77. The Vinegar and Oil

78. The Khali (Wine Turned to Vinegar)

79. Al-Mury (a certain sauce)

80. Oil and the Olive

81. Honey

82. Sugar

83. The Ghee

84. The Milk Products

85. The Milk Products from Cows

86. Yogurt

87. The Milk Products from Camels

88. Yogurt Water

89. Cheese

90. Cheese with Walnut

91. Rice

92. The Chickpea (Garbanzo Bean)

93. The Lintels

94. The Broad Beans and the Kidney Beans

95. Al-Mash (Peeled Black beans)

96. Al-Jawars

97. The Dates

98. Chapters on fruits

99. Grapes

100. The Raisins

101. The Pomegranate

102. The Apple

103. Quince

104. The Fig

105. The Pear

106. The Plum

107. The Citron

108. The Bananas

109. The Rowan, Mountain Ash

110. The Melons

111. The Herbs

112. The Endives

113. The Sweet Basil

114. The Leek

115. The Celery

116. Coriander

117. Purslane

118. The Lettuce

119. Al-Sadab (Rue Herb of Grace)

120. The Watercress

121. The White Beet

122. The Truffle

123. Squash

124. The Radish

125. The Carrot

126. The Turnip

127. The Cucumbers

128. The Eggplant (Aubergine)

129. The Onions

130. The Garlic

131. The Wild Thyme

132. The Toothpick

133. Throwing away what Comes out with Toothpicks from Between the Teeth

134. The Saltwort and Cyperus

The Book of Drinks

1. The Excellence of Water

2. Another Chapter on the same Issue

3. Drinking Water Excessively

4. Drinking Water Standing and Drinking it in One Breath

5. The Words to Say When Drinking Water

6. The Utensils, Pots, Pans, Bowls and Cups

7. Excellence of the Water of Zamzam and the Water of al-Mizab

8. Water from the Sky

9. Excellence of the Water of al-Furat (Euphrates)

10. The Prohibited Waters

11. The Rare Ahadith

12. Substances from which Wine is Made

13. The Origin of the Prohibition on Wine

14. Wine is Still Unlawful

15. The Wine Drinker

16. Another Chapter on the above Topic

17. Wine is the Head of all Sins and Evil

18. The Wine Addict

19. Another Chapter on the above Topic

20. Unlawfulness of Wine in the Book

21. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah , grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause , has Prohibited all Intoxicating Liquor of a Small or Large Quantity

22. Wine is Prohibited because of its Effects; whatever has an Effect as the Effect of Wine, it is Wine

23. Compulsion to Drink Wine as Medicine, in Thirst or in Fear (Taqiyah)

24. Al-Nabidh (A kind of Wine)

25. The Utensils

26. The Juice (grape juice)

27. The Juice which Fire has Touched

28. Al-Tila’ (The One-Third Juice (grape juice) that has Remained after the Evaporation of the other Two-Thirds)

29. The Drops of Intoxicating Substances in Food

30. AI-Fuqa’ (Beer)

31. The Quality of Lawful Drinks

32. Also about Drinks

33. The Utensils in which Wine is Kept, then Vinegar is poured in it or is used for Drink

34. The Wine Placed in Vinegar

35. The Rare Ahadith

36. Music and Singing

37. Dice and Chess

The Book of Dresses, Beautification and Kindness

1. Beautification and Showing the Bounty

2. The Dress

3. Dress Causing Public Abhorrence

4. The Cotton White Dress

5. Clothes Dyed with al-MiCasfar (dye with safflower)

6. Wearing Black

7. Al-Kattan (Linen)

8. Wearing Wool, Hairs and Fur

9. Wearing al-Khazz (fur or skin of an animal that lives in water)

10. Garments made entirely of al-Washy (al-Khazz, garments made of skin or fur of an animal that lives in water)

11. Wearing Silk and al-Dibaj (Silk Brocade)

12. Lifting up Garments

13. The Words to Say when Wearing New clothes

14. Wearing Old clothes

15. The Turbans

16. The cape

17. The Footgear

18. The Color of shoes

19. Al-Khuff (the half-Boot)

20. The Tradition about Wearing al-Khuff (half-boot), al-Na‘1 (Shoes) and Taking them off

21. The Rings (Insignia)

22. The Carnelian (al-‘Aqiq)

23. The Ruby and Emerald

24. The Turquoise

25. The Yemenite al-Jaza‘ (Carnelian) and The Crystals

26. The Engraving on the Ring

27. The Ornaments

28. The Spreading, Furniture

29. The Rare Ahadith

30. The Dyes

31. The Black Dye and Woad

32. Dyeing Hairs with Henna

33. Clipping and Shaving Hairs

34. Keeping Hairs and Parting them

35. The Beard and Mustache

36. Removing Hairs from the Nostrils

37. Combing

38. Clipping the finger Nails

39. Clipping or Pulling out Gray Hairs

40. To Bury the Hairs and Fingernails

41. Al-Kohl (The Eye Powder): Antimony

42. Brushing the Teeth

43. Taking Shower or Bath

44. Washing the Head

45. Applying Lime Paste

46. The Under arms

47. Applying henna after Lime Paste

48. The Perfumes

49. The Detestability of Rejecting Perfume

50. Kinds of Perfumes

51. The Origin of Perfumes

52. The Musk

53. Al-Ghaliyah (A Perfume that is a Mix of Musk, Camphor and Ambergris)

54. Al-Khuluq (a kind of Perfume of Yellow Color)

55. The Incense

56. Applying Oil

57. Undesirability of Applying oil all the Time

58. The Viola Oil

59. The Oil of Gillyflower

60. The Oil of Frankincense

61. The Oil of Gladiola (Lily)

62. The Sesame Oil

63. The Oil of Sweet Basil

64. The Spaciousness of the House

65. Decorating the Houses

66. Construction of Buildings

67. Fencing Wall Around a Flat Roof of the House

68. The Rare Ahadith

69. The Undesirable Case of One’s Sleeping Alone and the Characteristics Prohibited because of its Frightfulness

The Book of Domestic Animals

1. The Relation between a Stumper and the Rider

2. The Rare Ahadith about the Stumpers

3. The Tools for the Stumpers

4. Choosing the Camel

5. The Sheep

6. The Marked Domestic Animals

7. The Pigeons

8. Setting Birds Free

9. The Rooster

10. Al-Warshan (a kind of Pigeon)

11. Al-Fakhtah and AI-SuIsul

12. The Dogs

13. Instigating Animals against each other