8. Explanation of Divorce with Waiting Period and what Makes Divorce Binding

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أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ الرَّزَّازُ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ نُوحٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ طَلَاقُ السُّنَّةِ يُطَلِّقُهَا تَطْلِيقَةً يَعْنِي عَلَى طُهْرٍ مِنْ غَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ بِشَهَادَةِ شَاهِدَيْنِ ثُمَّ يَدَعُهَا حَتَّى تَمْضِيَ أَقْرَاؤُهَا فَإِذَا مَضَتْ أَقْرَاؤُهَا فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ وَ هُوَ خَاطِبٌ مِنَ الْخُطَّابِ إِنْ شَاءَتْ نَكَحَتْهُ وَ إِنْ شَاءَتْ فَلَا وَ إِنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُرَاجِعَهَا أَشْهَدَ عَلَى رَجْعَتِهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ تَمْضِيَ أَقْرَاؤُهَا فَتَكُونُ عِنْدَهُ عَلَى التَّطْلِيقَةِ الْمَاضِيَةِقَالَ وَ قَالَ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ الطَّلاقُ مَرَّتانِ فَإِمْساكٌ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ تَسْرِيحٌ بِإِحْسانٍ التَّطْلِيقَةُ الثَّانِيَةُ التَّسْرِيحُ بِإِحْسَانٍ .


1. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar and Muhammad ibn Ja‘far abu al-‘Abbas al-Razzaz from abu Ayyub ibn Nuh and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from Safwan ibn Yahya from ibn Muskan from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Divorce according to Sunnah is the divorce which one pronounces once in a menses-free period during which sexual intercourse has not taken place. It is pronounced in the presence of two witnesses and leaves her until her menses-free period is over. When this period is over she becomes stranger to him and he is one of those who may propose marriage; if he likes he can marry or not marry. If he decides to go back to his wife there must be a witness to bear witness to his going back to his wife before her menses-free period is over so that she remains with him within the first divorce/ He (the narrator) has said that abu Basir narrated from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who stated this about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious. ‘Divorce is twice, thereafter one must keep her in proper manner or in kindness allow her to go/ (2:229) He (the Imam) has said that it is the second divorce and allowing with kindness to go/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/109)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ قَالَ كُلُّ طَلَاقٍ لَا يَكُونُ عَلَى السُّنَّةِ أَوْ طَلَاقٍ عَلَى الْعِدَّةِ فَلَيْسَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍقَالَ زُرَارَةُ فَقُلْتُ لِأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) فَسِّرْ لِي طَلَاقَ السُّنَّةِ وَ طَلَاقَ الْعِدَّةِ فَقَالَ أَمَّا طَلَاقُ السُّنَّةِ فَإِذَا أَرَادَ الرَّجُلُ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ فَلْيَنْتَظِرْ بِهَا حَتَّى تَطْمَثَ وَ تَطْهُرَ فَإِذَا خَرَجَتْ مِنْ طَمْثِهَا طَلَّقَهَا تَطْلِيقَةً مِنْ غَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ وَ يُشْهِدُ شَاهِدَيْنِ عَلَى ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ يَدَعُهَا حَتَّى تَطْمَثَ طَمْثَتَيْنِ فَتَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَا بِثَلَاثِ حِيَضٍ وَ قَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ وَ يَكُونُ خَاطِباً مِنَ الْخُطَّابِ إِنْ شَاءَتْ تَزَوَّجَتْهُ وَ إِنْ شَاءَتْ لَمْ تَتَزَوَّجْهُ وَ عَلَيْهِ نَفَقَتُهَا وَ السُّكْنَى مَا دَامَتْ فِي عِدَّتِهَا وَ هُمَا يَتَوَارَثَانِ حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ الْعِدَّةُقَالَ وَ أَمَّا طَلَاقُ الْعِدَّةِ الَّذِي قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فَطَلِّقُوهُنَّ لِعِدَّتِهِنَّ وَ أَحْصُوا الْعِدَّةَ فَإِذَا أَرَادَ الرَّجُلُ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ طَلَاقَ الْعِدَّةِ فَلْيَنْتَظِرْ بِهَا حَتَّى تَحِيضَ وَ تَخْرُجَ مِنْ حَيْضِهَا ثُمَّ يُطَلِّقُهَا تَطْلِيقَةً مِنْ غَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ وَ يُشْهِدُ شَاهِدَيْنِ عَدْلَيْنِ وَ يُرَاجِعُهَا مِنْ يَوْمِهِ ذَلِكَ إِنْ أَحَبَّ أَوْ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ بِأَيَّامٍ أَوْ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَحِيضَ وَ يُشْهِدُ عَلَى رَجْعَتِهَا وَ يُوَاقِعُهَا وَ يَكُونُ مَعَهَا حَتَّى تَحِيضَ فَإِذَا حَاضَتْ وَ خَرَجَتْ مِنْ حَيْضِهَا طَلَّقَهَا تَطْلِيقَةً أُخْرَى مِنْ غَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ وَ يُشْهِدُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ يُرَاجِعُهَا أَيْضاً مَتَى شَاءَ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَحِيضَ وَ يُشْهِدُ عَلَى رَجْعَتِهَا وَ يُوَاقِعُهَا وَ تَكُونُ مَعَهُ إِلَى أَنْ تَحِيضَ الْحَيْضَةَ الثَّالِثَةَ فَإِذَا خَرَجَتْ مِنْ حَيْضَتِهَا الثَّالِثَةِ طَلَّقَهَا التَّطْلِيقَةَ الثَّالِثَةَ بِغَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ وَ يُشْهِدُ عَلَى ذَلِكَفَإِذَا فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ وَ لَا تَحِلُّ لَهُ حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجاً غَيْرَهُ قِيلَ لَهُ فَإِنْ كَانَتْ مِمَّنْ لَا تَحِيضُ فَقَالَ مِثْلُ هَذِهِ تُطَلَّقُ طَلَاقَ السُّنَّةِ .


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Divorce which is not according to Sunnah or not with waiting period does not have any valid effect.’ Zurarah has said that I then asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Please explain to me divorce according to Sunnah and divorce with waiting period.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘For divorce according to Sunnah the man must wait until she experiences Hayd (menses) and becomes clean from Hayd (menses). When this happens he can divorce her in the presence of two witnesses without going to bed with her; then he leaves her until she experiences Hayd (menses) twice and her waiting period becomes complete. On her experiencing the third Hayd (menses) she becomes stranger to him. He then is one of those who may propose marriage; if he wants he can marry or not to marry. He must pay her maintenance as long as she is in her waiting period and they inherit each other during the waiting period.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Divorce with waiting period is the divorce which Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has mentioned, ‘. . . .divorce them with waiting period and keep a count of the waiting period.’ (65:2) For this kind of divorce if a man wants to divorce his wife he must wait until she experiences Hayd (menses) and become clean of Hayd (menses) then divorce her one divorce in the presence of two just witnesses without going to bed with her. He then can go back to her on the same day if he likes or after several days or before she experiences Hayd (menses). He must have a witness for his going back to her. He can go to bed with her and live with her until she experiences Hayd (menses). When she experiences Hayd (menses) and becomes clean, divorce her in the presence of witnesses without going to bed with her. He then can go back to her again anytime he likes before she experiences Hayd (menses) for the third Hayd (menses). When she becomes clean of the third Hayd (menses) he divorces her in the presence of witness for the third time without sexual intercourse. When he does this she becomes stranger to him and he cannot marry her again before she marries another man.’ He (the Imam) was asked, ‘What happens if she does not experience Hayd (menses)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘In such case she is divorced according to Sunnah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/110)



ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) يَقُولُ أُحِبُّ لِلرَّجُلِ الْفَقِيهِ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَهَا طَلَاقَ السُّنَّةِقَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَ هُوَ الَّذِي قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ لَعَلَّ اللَّهَ يُحْدِثُ بَعْدَ ذلِكَ أَمْراً يَعْنِي بَعْدَ الطَّلَاقِ وَ انْقِضَاءِ الْعِدَّةِ التَّزْوِيجَ لَهُمَا مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تَزَوَّجَ زَوْجاً غَيْرَهُقَالَ وَ مَا أَعْدَلَهُ وَ أَوْسَعَهُ لَهُمَا جَمِيعاً أَنْ يُطَلِّقَهَا عَلَى طُهْرٍ مِنْ غَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ تَطْلِيقَةً بِشُهُودٍ ثُمَّ يَدَعَهَا حَتَّى يَخْلُوَ أَجَلُهَا ثَلَاثَةَ أَشْهُرٍ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةَ قُرُوءٍ ثُمَّ يَكُونَ خَاطِباً مِنَ الْخُطَّابِ .


3. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from ibn Bukayr from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once heard abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ’If a man wants to divorce his wife I like if he does so in the form of divorce according to Surinah.’ He (the narrator) has said that he (the Imam) then said, ’This is that about which Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said, ’. . . perhaps Allah thereafter will cause something to happen.’ (65:2) It means after divorce and waiting period a marriage with him, before the advance of the case to a marriage with another man. He (the Imam) said, ’How vast is the justice and time for them! He must divorce her in a Hayd (menses)-free period without sexual intercourse one divorce in the presence of witnesses then leave her until three months or three Hayd (menses) then he becomes one of those who may propose marriage.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/112)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ طَلَاقِ السُّنَّةِ قَالَ طَلَاقُ السُّنَّةِ إِذَا أَرَادَ الرَّجُلُ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ يَدَعُهَا إِنْ كَانَ قَدْ دَخَلَ بِهَا حَتَّى تَحِيضَ ثُمَّ تَطْهُرَ فَإِذَا طَهُرَتْ طَلَّقَهَا وَاحِدَةً بِشَهَادَةِ شَاهِدَيْنِ ثُمَّ يَتْرُكُهَا حَتَّى تَعْتَدَّ ثَلَاثَةَ قُرُوءٍ فَإِذَا مَضَتْ ثَلَاثَةُ قُرُوءٍ فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ بِوَاحِدَةٍ وَ كَانَ زَوْجُهَا خَاطِباً مِنَ الْخُطَّابِ إِنْ شَاءَتْ تَزَوَّجَتْهُ وَ إِنْ شَاءَتْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَإِنْ تَزَوَّجَهَا بِمَهْرٍ جَدِيدٍ كَانَتْ عِنْدَهُ عَلَى اثْنَتَيْنِ بَاقِيَتَيْنِ وَ قَدْ مَضَتِ الْوَاحِدَةُفَإِنْ هُوَ طَلَّقَهَا وَاحِدَةً أُخْرَى عَلَى طُهْرٍ مِنْ غَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ بِشَهَادَةِ شَاهِدَيْنِ ثُمَّ تَرَكَهَا حَتَّى تَمْضِيَ أَقْرَاؤُهَا فَإِذَا مَضَتْ أَقْرَاؤُهَا مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يُرَاجِعَهَا فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ بِاثْنَتَيْنِ وَ مَلَكَتْ أَمْرَهَا وَ حَلَّتْ لِلْأَزْوَاجِ وَ كَانَ زَوْجُهَا خَاطِباً مِنَ الْخُطَّابِ إِنْ شَاءَتْ تَزَوَّجَتْهُ وَ إِنْ شَاءَتْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَإِنْ هُوَ تَزَوَّجَهَا تَزْوِيجاً جَدِيداً بِمَهْرٍ جَدِيدٍ كَانَتْ مَعَهُ بِوَاحِدَةٍ بَاقِيَةٍ وَ قَدْ مَضَتِ اثْنَتَانِفَإِنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَهَا طَلَاقاً لَا تَحِلُّ لَهُ حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجاً غَيْرَهُ تَرَكَهَا حَتَّى إِذَا حَاضَتْ وَ طَهُرَتْ أَشْهَدَ عَلَى طَلَاقِهَا تَطْلِيقَةً وَاحِدَةً ثُمَّ لَا تَحِلُّ لَهُ حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجاً غَيْرَهُوَ أَمَّا طَلَاقُ الرَّجْعَةِ فَأَنْ يَدَعَهَا حَتَّى تَحِيضَ وَ تَطْهُرَ ثُمَّ يُطَلِّقَهَا بِشَهَادَةِ شَاهِدَيْنِ ثُمَّ يُرَاجِعَهَا وَ يُوَاقِعَهَا ثُمَّ يَنْتَظِرَ بِهَا الطُّهْرَ فَإِذَا حَاضَتْ وَ طَهُرَتْ أَشْهَدَ شَاهِدَيْنِ عَلَى تَطْلِيقَةٍ أُخْرَى ثُمَّ يُرَاجِعُهَا وَ يُوَاقِعُهَا ثُمَّ يَنْتَظِرُ بِهَا الطُّهْرَ فَإِذَا حَاضَتْ وَ طَهُرَتْ أَشْهَدَ شَاهِدَيْنِ عَلَى التَّطْلِيقَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ ثُمَّ لَا تَحِلُّ لَهُ أَبَداً حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجاً غَيْرَهُ وَ عَلَيْهَا أَنْ تَعْتَدَّ ثَلَاثَةَ قُرُوءٍ مِنْ يَوْمَ طَلَّقَهَا التَّطْلِيقَةَ الثَّالِثَةَفَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا وَاحِدَةً عَلَى طُهْرٍ بِشُهُودٍ ثُمَّ انْتَظَرَ بِهَا حَتَّى تَحِيضَ وَ تَطْهُرَ ثُمَّ طَلَّقَهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يُرَاجِعَهَا لَمْ يَكُنْ طَلَاقُهُ الثَّانِيَةُ طَلَاقاً لِأَنَّهُ طَلَّقَ طَالِقاً لِأَنَّهُ إِذَا كَانَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ مُطَلَّقَةً مِنْ زَوْجِهَا كَانَتْ خَارِجَةً مِنْ مِلْكِهِ حَتَّى يُرَاجِعَهَا فَإِذَا رَاجَعَهَا صَارَتْ فِي مِلْكِهِ مَا لَمْ يُطَلِّقِ التَّطْلِيقَةَ الثَّالِثَةَ فَإِذَا طَلَّقَهَا التَّطْلِيقَةَ الثَّالِثَةَ فَقَدْ خَرَجَ مِلْكُ الرَّجْعَةِ مِنْ يَدِهِ فَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا عَلَى طُهْرٍ بِشُهُودٍ ثُمَّ رَاجَعَهَا وَ انْتَظَرَ بِهَا الطُّهْرَ مِنْ غَيْرِ مُوَاقَعَةٍ فَحَاضَتْ وَ طَهُرَتْ ثُمَّ طَلَّقَهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يُدَنِّسَهَا بِمُوَاقَعَةٍ بَعْدَ الرَّجْعَةِ لَمْ يَكُنْ طَلَاقُهُ لَهَا طَلَاقاً لِأَنَّهُ طَلَّقَهَا التَّطْلِيقَةَ الثَّانِيَةَ فِي طُهْرِ الْأُولَى وَ لَا يُنْقَضُ الطُّهْرُ إِلَّا بِمُوَاقَعَةٍ بَعْدَ الرَّجْعَةِوَ كَذَلِكَ لَا تَكُونُ التَّطْلِيقَةُ الثَّالِثَةُ إِلَّا بِمُرَاجَعَةٍ وَ مُوَاقَعَةٍ بَعْدَ الْمُرَاجَعَةِ ثُمَّ حَيْضٍ وَ طُهْرٍ بَعْدَ الْحَيْضِ ثُمَّ طَلَاقٍ بِشُهُودٍ حَتَّى يَكُونَ لِكُلِّ تَطْلِيقَةٍ طُهْرٌ مِنْ تَدْنِيسِ الْمُوَاقَعَةِ بِشُهُودٍ .


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran or others from ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the divorce according to Sunnah. He (the Imam) said, ’For divorce according to Sunnah when a man wants to divorce his wife he must leave her, if he has gone to bed with her, until she experiences Hayd (menses), then becomes clean. When she becomes clean he can divorce her once in the presence of two witnesses then leave her for three cycles of Hayd (menses). When three Hayd (menses)-free periods are over she becomes stranger to him and he becomes one of those who may propose for marriage. He can marry if he wants or not marry. If he marries with a new mahr (dower) she can live with him for the two remaining chances when only one is complete. If he divorces her once more in the presence of two witnesses, in a Hayd (menses)-free period, without sexual intercourse and then leaves her until her Hayd (menses)-free periods are over. If they are over before he goes back to her she then becomes stranger to him with control on her affairs and is free to marry. Her previous husband is now one of those who may propose for marriage if he likes to marry or not to marry. If he marries with a new marriage with a new mahr (dower) she can live with him for one more chance. Two chances are complete. If he decides to divorce her once more, she then is not lawful for him until she marries another man. “For divorce with the choice to go back to her he waits until she experiences Hayd (menses) and becomes clean, he arranges two witnesses for divorce; then goes back to her and to bed with her then waits for the next Hayd (menses)-free period. When she experiences Hayd (menses) and becomes clean, he arranges two witnesses for divorce, after which he goes back to go to bed with her. He then waits until after her Hayd (menses)-free period she experiences Hayd (menses) and becomes clean. He then arranges for two witnesses for another divorce and thereafter she becomes unlawful for him to marry forever until she marries another man. She must complete a waiting period for three Hayd (menses)-free periods from the day of the third divorce. If he divorces once in a Hayd (menses)-free period in the presence of witnesses and waits until she experiences Hayd (menses) and becomes clean then divorces her before he goes back to her the second divorce is not a divorce. It is because he has divorced one who is divorced; she was a divorced woman from her husband and out of his authority until he goes back to her. When he goes back to her then marriage comes in his authority until he divorces for the third time. Upon divorcing her for the third time, the authority to go back to her goes out of his hand. When he divorces her in a Hayd (menses)-free period, in the presence of witnesses, then goes back to her and waits until one Hayd (menses)-free period ends without sexual intercourse. She then experience Hayd (menses) and becomes clean then he divorces her before sexual intercourse after going back to her his divorce as such is not a divorce. It is because he has divorced her for the second time in the first Hayd (menses)-free period and a Hayd (menses)-free period cannot be broken without sexual intercourse after going back to her. In the same way, the third divorce cannot take place except by going back to her. After going back then she experiences Hayd (menses) and a Hayd (menses)-free period. He then divorces in the presence of witnesses until there is Hayd (menses)-free period after every divorce with sexual intercourse is a Hayd (menses)-free period and cleansing by sexual intercourse then divorce takes place in the presence of witnesses.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/112)



أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ طَلَاقِ السُّنَّةِ كَيْفَ يُطَلِّقُ الرَّجُلُ امْرَأَتَهُ فَقَالَ يُطَلِّقُهَا فِي طُهْرٍ قَبْلَ عِدَّتِهَا مِنْ غَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ بِشُهُودٍ فَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا وَاحِدَةً ثُمَّ تَرَكَهَا حَتَّى يَخْلُوَ أَجَلُهَا فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ وَ هُوَ خَاطِبٌ مِنَ الْخُطَّابِ وَ إِنْ رَاجَعَهَا فَهِيَ عِنْدَهُ عَلَى تَطْلِيقَةٍ مَاضِيَةٍ وَ بَقِيَ تَطْلِيقَتَانِفَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا الثَّانِيَةَ وَ تَرَكَهَا حَتَّى يَخْلُوَ أَجَلُهَا فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ وَ إِنْ هُوَ أَشْهَدَ عَلَى رَجْعَتِهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُوَ أَجَلُهَا فَهِيَ عِنْدَهُ عَلَى تَطْلِيقَتَيْنِ مَاضِيَتَيْنِ وَ بَقِيَتْ وَاحِدَةٌ فَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا الثَّالِثَةَ فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ وَ لَا تَحِلُّ لَهُ حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجاً غَيْرَهُ وَ هِيَ تَرِثُ وَ تُورَثُ مَا كَانَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا رَجْعَةٌ مِنَ التَّطْلِيقَتَيْنِ الْأَوَّلَتَيْنِ .


5. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar, from Safwan ibn Yahya. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn Yahya who has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all of them from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr, from ‘Abd al-Karim, all from al-Hassan ibn Ziyad, who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the divorce according to Sunnah and how a man can divorce his wife. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must divorce her in a Hayd (menses)-free period at a time when she can commence her waiting period, in the presence of witnesses without going to bed with her. If he divorces her once then leaves until her waiting period is complete, she then becomes stranger to him and he is one of those who may propose marriage. If he goes back to her she then is with him for two more divorces. If he divorces her for the second time and leaves until her waiting period is complete, she becomes stranger to him. If he arranges witness for his going back to her before her waiting period is complete she is then with him after two divorces and one more is left. If he divorces her for the third time she becomes stranger to him and is not lawful for him until she marries another man. She inherits him during the waiting period of the two previous divorces in which he had the right to go back to her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/114)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ بَعْدَ مَا غَشِيَهَا بِشَهَادَةِ عَدْلَيْنِ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ هَذَا بِطَلَاقٍ فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ كَيْفَ طَلَاقُ السُّنَّةِ فَقَالَ يُطَلِّقُهَا إِذَا طَهُرَتْ مِنْ حَيْضِهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَغْشَاهَا بِشَاهِدَيْنِ عَدْلَيْنِ كَمَا قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فِي كِتَابِهِ فَإِنْ خَالَفَ ذَلِكَ رُدَّ إِلَى كِتَابِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّفَقُلْتُ لَهُ فَإِنْ طَلَّقَ عَلَى طُهْرٍ مِنْ غَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ بِشَاهِدٍ وَ امْرَأَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ لَا تَجُوزُ شَهَادَةُ النِّسَاءِ فِي الطَّلَاقِ وَ قَدْ تَجُوزُ شَهَادَتُهُنَّ مَعَ غَيْرِهِنَّ فِي الدَّمِ إِذَا حَضَرَتْهُ فَقُلْتُ فَإِنْ أَشْهَدَ رَجُلَيْنِ نَاصِبِيَّيْنِ عَلَى الطَّلَاقِ أَ يَكُونُ طَلَاقاً فَقَالَ مَنْ وُلِدَ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ أُجِيزَتْ شَهَادَتُهُ عَلَى الطَّلَاقِ بَعْدَ أَنْ تَعْرِفَ مِنْهُ خَيْراً .


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife in the presence of two just witnesses after going to bed with her. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not a divorce,’ I then asked saying, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, how is divorce according to Sunnah ?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He divorces her after she becomes clean of Hayd (menses) in the presence of two just witnesses before going to bed with her as Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said in His book. (65:2) If it is against what Allah has said it must be returned to the book of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if he divorces, in the presence of one witness and two women, during a Hayd (menses)-free period in which he has not gone to bed with her?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Witnessing of women is not permissible in the case of divorce, however, it can be accepted along with other witnesses in a man-slaughter case if she is present.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if two Nasibiy men (people hostile to ‘ A’immah ) bear witness in the case of divorce, is it a divorce?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Whoever is born on al-Fitrah (proper belief) his testimony is accepted in the case of divorce after it is known that he does good deeds.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/114)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ وَ غَيْرِهِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ قَالَ إِنَّ الطَّلَاقَ الَّذِي أَمَرَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ بِهِ فِي كِتَابِهِ وَ الَّذِي سَنَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) أَنْ يُخَلِّيَ الرَّجُلُ عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ فَإِذَا حَاضَتْ وَ طَهُرَتْ مِنْ مَحِيضِهَا أَشْهَدَ رَجُلَيْنِ عَدْلَيْنِ عَلَى تَطْلِيقَةٍ وَ هِيَ طَاهِرٌ مِنْ غَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ وَ هُوَ أَحَقُّ بِرَجْعَتِهَا مَا لَمْ تَنْقَضِ ثَلَاثَةُ قُرُوءٍ وَ كُلُّ طَلَاقٍ مَا خَلَا هَذَا فَبَاطِلٌ لَيْسَ بِطَلَاقٍ .


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ‘Udhaynah from ibn Bukayr and others who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. ‘The divorce which Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, in His book has commanded to be formed and that which the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has established is that the man must remain away from the woman. When she experiences Hayd (menses) and becomes clean of her Hayd (menses), he must arrange two just witnesses for one divorce when she is clean of Hayd (menses) and sexual intercourse has not taken place. He has the right to go back to her as long as three menses cycles have not expired. Divorce other than being in this manner is invalid and is not a divorce/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/115)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ طَلَاقُ السُّنَّةِ إِذَا طَهُرَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ فَلْيُطَلِّقْهَا وَاحِدَةً مَكَانَهَا مِنْ غَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ يُشْهِدُ عَلَى طَلَاقِهَا فَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يُرَاجِعَهَا أَشْهَدَ عَلَى الْمُرَاجَعَةِ .


8. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Jamil ibn Darraj from Zurarah who has said the following: “Divorce according to Sunnah takes place when the woman is clean of Hayd (menses) and is divorced in her place in the presence of witnesses without sexual intercourse. If he decides to go back to her he must arrange for witness to his going back (reversing his pronouncement of divorce).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/115)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) إِذَا أَرَادَ الرَّجُلُ الطَّلَاقَ طَلَّقَهَا فِي قُبُلِ عِدَّتِهَا بِغَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ فَإِنَّهُ إِذَا طَلَّقَهَا وَاحِدَةً ثُمَّ تَرَكَهَا حَتَّى يَخْلُوَ أَجَلُهَا إِنْ شَاءَ أَنْ يَخْطُبَ مَعَ الْخُطَّابِ فَعَلَ فَإِنْ رَاجَعَهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُوَ أَجَلُهَا أَوْ بَعْدَهُ كَانَتْ عِنْدَهُ عَلَى تَطْلِيقَةٍفَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا الثَّانِيَةَ أَيْضاً فَشَاءَ أَنْ يَخْطُبَهَا مَعَ الْخُطَّابِ إِنْ كَانَ تَرَكَهَا حَتَّى يَخْلُوَ أَجَلُهَا فَإِنْ شَاءَ رَاجَعَهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَنْقَضِيَ أَجَلُهَا فَإِنْ فَعَلَ فَهِيَ عِنْدَهُ عَلَى تَطْلِيقَتَيْنِ فَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا الثَّالِثَةَ فَلَا تَحِلُّ لَهُ حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجاً غَيْرَهُ وَ هِيَ تَرِثُ وَ تُورَثُ مَا كَانَتْ فِي الدَّمِ مِنَ التَّطْلِيقَتَيْنِ الْأَوَّلَتَيْنِ .


9. Humayd ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin has said, ‘If a man decides to divorce he must do so before her waiting period without sexual intercourse. If he divorces once then leaves until her waiting period is complete, he then can be one of those who may propose marriage if he so wills. If he goes back to her before waiting period is complete or afterward, she can live with him after one divorce. If he divorces a second time also he then proposes marriage as others may do, in case he did not go back before the end of waiting period, if he wants he can go back to her if he so wills before waiting period is complete and if he did then she is with him after two divorces. If he divorces her for the third time then she is not lawful for him before marriage with another man. She inherits and is inherited if one of them dies as long as she experiences Hayd (menses) after the two first divorces.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/115)