17. On the Seventh Day from Birth the Newborn’s Head is Shaved and a Name is Given to Him

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حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ جَبَلَةَ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمَّادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ عُقَّ عَنْهُ وَ احْلِقْ رَأْسَهُ يَوْمَ السَّابِعِ وَ تَصَدَّقْ بِوَزْنِ شَعْرِهِ فِضَّةً وَ اقْطَعِ الْعَقِيقَةَ جَذَاوِيَ وَ اطْبُخْهَا وَ ادْعُ عَلَيْهَا رَهْطاً مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ .


1. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from ibn Jabalah and Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Salih ibn abu Hammad from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. ‘On the seventh day from birth offer ‘Aqiqah, shave the head of the child and give in charity an amount of silver equal to the weight of his hairs and cut the meat of Aqiqah without breaking any bones, then cook the meat and invite a group of Muslims to be served.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/48)



وَ عَنْهُ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُدَيْسٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ بِأَيِّ ذَلِكَ نَبْدَأُ قَالَ تَحْلِقُ رَأْسَهُ وَ تَعُقُّ عَنْهُ وَ تَصَدَّقُ بِوَزْنِ شَعْرِهِ فِضَّةً وَ يَكُونُ ذَلِكَ فِي مَكَانٍ وَاحِدٍ .


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from al-Hassan ibn Hammad ibn ‘Udays from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, ‘What should we do first?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘First shave his head, then offer Aqiqah and give in charity of silver equal to the weight of his hairs. All of this should be done in one place.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/49)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْعَقِيقَةِ أَ وَاجِبَةٌ هِيَ قَالَ نَعَمْ يُعَقُّ عَنْهُ وَ يُحْلَقُ رَأْسُهُ وَ هُوَ ابْنُ سَبْعَةٍ وَ يُوزَنُ شَعْرُهُ فِضَّةً أَوْ ذَهَباً يُتَصَدَّقُ بِهِ وَ تُطْعَمُ الْقَابِلَةُ رُبُعَ الشَّاةِ وَ الْعَقِيقَةُ شَاةٌ أَوْ بَدَنَةٌ .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ’Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, about Aqiqah : if it is obligatory. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, Aqiqah must be offered for him, his head is shaved when he is seven days old and his hairs are weighed with silver or gold to be given in charity. One-fourth of the sheep is served to al-Qabilah (the special nurse, doctor). The animal for Aqiqah should be a sheep or Badanah (camel of a certain age).”’ ( Al-Qabilah according to hadith number three, chapter ninety-three is a nurse who helps a woman to give birth and also thereafter not the one who helps one to give birth only and then moves away.)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/49)



وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ قَالَ إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ السَّابِعِ وَ قَدْ وُلِدَ لِأَحَدِكُمْ غُلَامٌ أَوْ جَارِيَةٌ فَلْيَعُقَّ عَنْهُ كَبْشاً عَنِ الذَّكَرِ ذَكَراً وَ عَنِ الْأُنْثَى مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ عُقُّوا عَنْهُ وَ أَطْعِمُوا الْقَابِلَةَ مِنَ الْعَقِيقَةِ وَ سَمُّوهُ يَوْمَ السَّابِعِ .


4. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from a man from abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has said the following: “When it is the seventh day of childbirth in your home, a boy or a girl you must offer an Aqiqah in the form of slaughtering a ram for a boy and an ewe for a girl. When you offer an Aqiqah for him, feed al-Qabilah (the special nurse, doctor) thereof. You can give the child a name on the seventh day.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/50)



الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ حَفْصٍ الْكُنَاسِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْمَوْلُودُ إِذَا وُلِدَ عُقَّ عَنْهُ وَ حُلِقَ رَأْسُهُ وَ تُصُدِّقَ بِوَزْنِ شَعْرِهِ وَرِقاً وَ أُهْدِيَ إِلَى الْقَابِلَةِ الرِّجْلُ وَ الْوَرِكُ وَ يُدْعَى نَفَرٌ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فَيَأْكُلُونَ وَ يَدْعُونَ لِلْغُلَامِ وَ يُسَمَّى يَوْمَ السَّابِعِ .


5. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban from Hafs al-Kunasiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a child is born, Aqiqah must be offered for him, his head should be shaved and equal to the weight of his hairs leaf (of silver) should be given in charity. The leg and hip of the animal slaughtered for Aqiqah should be given to al-Qabilah (the special nurse, doctor). A group of Muslims should be invited to be served with meat of Aqiqah and the boy should be given a name.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/50)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) الصَّبِيُّ يُعَقُّ عَنْهُ وَ يُحْلَقُ رَأْسُهُ وَ هُوَ ابْنُ سَبْعَةِ أَيَّامٍ وَ يُوزَنُ شَعْرُهُ وَ يُتَصَدَّقُ عَنْهُ بِوَزْنِ شَعْرِهِ ذَهَباً أَوْ فِضَّةً وَ يُطْعَمُ الْقَابِلَةَ الرِّجْلُ وَ الْوَرِكُ وَ قَالَ الْعَقِيقَةُ بَدَنَةٌ أَوْ شَاةٌ .


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘For a child Aqiqah must be offered, his head is shaved on the seventh day and equal to the weight of his hairs silver or gold should be given in charity. One leg and hip of the animal slaughtered for ‘Aqiqah should be given to al-Qabilah (the special nurse, doctor). The animal accepted as ‘Aqiqah can be a badanah (camel) or a sheep.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/50)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا وُلِدَ لَكَ غُلَامٌ أَوْ جَارِيَةٌ فَعُقَّ عَنْهُ يَوْمَ السَّابِعِ شَاةً أَوْ جَزُوراً وَ كُلْ مِنْهَا وَ أَطْعِمْ وَ سَمِّ وَ احْلِقْ رَأْسَهُ يَوْمَ السَّابِعِ وَ تَصَدَّقْ بِوَزْنِ شَعْرِهِ ذَهَباً أَوْ فِضَّةً وَ أَعْطِ الْقَابِلَةَ طَائِفَةً مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَأَيَّ ذَلِكَ فَعَلْتَ فَقَدْ أَجْزَأَكَ .


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a boy or a girl is born to you, on the seventh day offer an ‘Aqiqah, a sheep or a camel and eat of its meat, feed others and give him a name. Shave his head on the seventh day and equal to the weight of his hairs give silver or gold in charity. You should give to the doctor something thereof. Whatever of these (sheep or camel, silver or gold) you did is sufficient.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/50)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الصَّبِيِّ الْمَوْلُودِ مَتَى يُذْبَحُ عَنْهُ وَ يُحْلَقُ رَأْسُهُ وَ يُتَصَدَّقُ بِوَزْنِ شَعْرِهِ وَ يُسَمَّى قَالَ كُلُّ ذَلِكَ فِي الْيَوْمِ السَّابِعِ .


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il and al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id all from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the newborn child: when to offer ‘Aqiqah, shave his head, give in charity equal to the weight of his hair and give him a name.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘All of such things can be done on the seventh day from his birth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/51)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْعَقِيقَةِ عَنِ الْمَوْلُودِ كَيْفَ هِيَ قَالَ إِذَا أَتَى لِلْمَوْلُودِ سَبْعَةُ أَيَّامٍ يُسَمَّى بِالِاسْمِ الَّذِي سَمَّاهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ بِهِ ثُمَّ يُحْلَقُ رَأْسُهُ وَ يُتَصَدَّقُ بِوَزْنِ شَعْرِهِ ذَهَباً أَوْ فِضَّةً وَ يُذْبَحُ عَنْهُ كَبْشٌ وَ إِنْ لَمْ يُوجَدْ كَبْشٌ أَجْزَأَهُ مَا يُجْزِئُ فِي الْأُضْحِيَّةِ وَ إِلَّا فَحَمَلٌ أَعْظَمُ مَا يَكُونُ مِنْ حُمْلَانِ السَّنَةِ وَ يُعْطَى الْقَابِلَةَ رُبُعُهَا وَ إِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ قَابِلَةٌ فَلِأُمِّهِ تُعْطِيهَا مَنْ شَاءَتْ وَ تُطْعِمُ مِنْهُ عَشَرَةً مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فَإِنْ زَادُوا فَهُوَ أَفْضَلُ وَ تَأْكُلُ مِنْهُوَ الْعَقِيقَةُ لَازِمَةٌ إِنْ كَانَ غَنِيّاً أَوْ فَقِيراً إِذَا أَيْسَرَ وَ إِنْ لَمْ يَعُقَّ عَنْهُ حَتَّى ضَحَّى عَنْهُ فَقَدْ أَجْزَأَتْهُ الْأُضْحِيَّةُ وَ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَتِ الْقَابِلَةُ يَهُودِيَّةً لَا تَأْكُلُ مِنْ ذَبِيحَةِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ أُعْطِيَتْ قِيمَةَ رُبُعِ الْكَبْشِ .


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan ibn Ali from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amir ibn Sa‘id from Musaddiq ibn Sadaqah from ‘Ammar ibn Musa who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about ‘Aqiqah and a newborn. He (the Imam) has stated this Hadith. ‘When a child is seven days old a name with which Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has named him must be given to him, then his head must be shaved and equal to the weight of his hairs gold or silver should be given in charity. A ram should be slaughtered, and if a ram is not available then whatever is sufficient for an animal offering during al-Hajj is sufficient for ‘Aqiqah. If this is not available then a lamb of the same year is sufficient. Al-Qabilah (the special nurse, doctor) should be given one-fourth of the meat thereof. If there is no al-Qabilah then it is up to the mother to whomever she wants to give and ten Muslims should be fed. If there are more than ten it is better. ‘Aqiqah is obligatory if one is affluent or even if one is poor; he must do so when he is able to manage; and if ‘Aqiqah is not done for one until he offers an offering animal during al-Hajj, it then is sufficient for ‘Aqiqah.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘If al-Qabilah (the special nurse, doctor) is a Jewish woman who does not eat meat of the animal slaughtered by Muslims then one-fourth of the price of the animal for ‘Aqiqah should be given to her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/51)



أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي الْمَوْلُودِ قَالَ يُسَمَّى فِي الْيَوْمِ السَّابِعِ وَ يُعَقُّ عَنْهُ وَ يُحْلَقُ رَأْسُهُ وَ يُتَصَدَّقُ بِوَزْنِ شَعْرِهِ فِضَّةً وَ يُبْعَثُ إِلَى الْقَابِلَةِ بِالرِّجْلِ مَعَ الْوَرِكِ وَ يُطْعَمُ مِنْهُ وَ يُتَصَدَّقُ .


10. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from abu Basir who has said the following: “About a newborn abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. ‘The child must be given a name on the seventh day, ‘Aqiqah must be offered, his head shaved, silver equal to the weight of his hairs should be given in charity, one leg and hip should be sent to al-Qabilah (the special nurse, doctor), and the rest of the meat should be used for food and as charity.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/52)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ زَكَرِيَّا بْنِ آدَمَ عَنِ الْكَاهِلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْعَقِيقَةُ يَوْمَ السَّابِعِ وَ يُعْطَى الْقَابِلَةَ الرِّجْلُ مَعَ الْوَرِكِ وَ لَا يُكْسَرُ الْعَظْمُ .


11. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from his father from Zakariya ibn Adam from al-Kahiliy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘On the seventh day from the birth of a child ‘Aqiqah must be offered. One leg and hip of the animal offered as ‘Aqiqah should be given to al-Qabilah (the special nurse, doctor) and the bones should not be broken.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/52)



الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ حَفْصٍ الْكُنَاسِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الصَّبِيُّ إِذَا وُلِدَ عُقَّ عَنْهُ وَ حُلِقَ رَأْسُهُ يُتَصَدَّقُ بِوَزْنِ الشَّعْرِ وَ أُهْدِيَ إِلَى الْقَابِلَةِ الرِّجْلُ مَعَ الْوَرِكِ وَ يُدْعَى نَفَرٌ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فَيَأْكُلُونَ وَ يَدْعُونَ لِلْغُلَامِ وَ يُسَمَّى يَوْمَ السَّابِعِ .


12. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from Aban from Hafs al-Kunasiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. ‘When ‘Aqiqah is offered for a child, his head is shaved, equal to the weight of his hair charity is given, one leg and hip is given to al-Qabilah (the special nurse, doctor), Muslims should be invited and when they are served they should pray for the boy. A name can be given to the child on the seventh day of his birth.’”