22. Divorce of a Pregnant Woman

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْحُبْلَى تُطَلَّقُ تَطْلِيقَةً وَاحِدَةً .


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A pregnant woman is divorced once.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/138)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ طَلَاقُ الْحَامِلِ وَاحِدَةٌ وَ عِدَّتُهَا أَقْرَبُ الْأَجَلَيْنِ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘ from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al- Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Divorce of a pregnant woman is once and her waiting period is the closest of the two periods, (that is, childbirth or three months).’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/139)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَبَلَةَ وَ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ الْجُعْفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ طَلَاقُ الْحُبْلَى وَاحِدَةٌ فَإِذَا وَضَعَتْ مَا فِي بَطْنِهَا فَقَدْ بَانَتْ .


3. Flumayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah and Ja‘far ibn Sama‘ah from Jamil from ’Isma‘il al-Ju‘fiy ’Isma‘il who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Divorce of a pregnant woman is one and when she gives birth to what is inside her, she becomes stranger to him.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/139)



وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَبَلَةَ وَ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْحُبْلَى تُطَلَّقُ تَطْلِيقَةً وَاحِدَةً .


4. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah and from Safwan ibn Yahya from ibn Bukayr from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A pregnant woman is divorced once.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/140)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ الْجُعْفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ طَلَاقُ الْحَامِلِ وَاحِدَةٌ فَإِذَا وَضَعَتْ مَا فِي بَطْنِهَا فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ .


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Nasr from Jamil from ’Isma‘il al-Ju‘fiy who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Divorce of a pregnant woman is one and when she gives birth she become stranger to him.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/140)



أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ وَ أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ الرَّزَّازُ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ نُوحٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) طَلَاقُ الْحُبْلَى وَاحِدَةٌ وَ أَجَلُهَا أَنْ تَضَعَ حَمْلَهَا وَ هُوَ أَقْرَبُ الْأَجَلَيْنِ .


6. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar and abu al-‘Abbas al-Razzaz from Ayyub ibn Nuh all from Safwan from ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Divorce of a pregnant woman is one and her waiting period is childbirth, if it is the nearer of the two.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/140)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ طَلَاقِ الْحُبْلَى فَقَالَ وَاحِدَةٌ وَ أَجَلُهَا أَنْ تَضَعَ حَمْلَهَا .


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from all from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the divorce of a pregnant woman. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is one and her waiting period is childbirth.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/140)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ طَلَاقُ الْحُبْلَى وَاحِدَةٌ وَ أَجَلُهَا أَنْ تَضَعَ حَمْلَهَا وَ هُوَ أَقْرَبُ الْأَجَلَيْنِ .


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Divorce of a pregnant woman is one and her waiting period ends with childbirth if it is the nearer of the two.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/140)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ هَاشِمٍ وَ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْحُبْلَى إِذَا طَلَّقَهَا زَوْجُهَا فَوَضَعَتْ سِقْطاً تَمَّ أَوْ لَمْ يَتِمَّ أَوْ وَضَعَتْهُ مُضْغَةً قَالَ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَضَعَتْهُ يَسْتَبِينُ أَنَّهُ حَمْلٌ تَمَّ أَوْ لَمْ يَتِمَّ فَقَدِ انْقَضَتْ عِدَّتُهَا وَ إِنْ كَانَتْ مُضْغَةً .


9. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from al-Husayn ibn al-FIashim and Muhammad ibn Ziyad from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajja] who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who is pregnant: if her husband divorces her and she gives birth prematurely or by abortion or it is just a lump. He (the Imam) said, ‘Whatever she gives birth to shows that she was pregnant, complete or not. Her waiting period is complete even if it is a lump.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/140)



وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عِمْرَانَ الشَّفَا عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْبَصْرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَ هِيَ حُبْلَى وَ كَانَ فِي بَطْنِهَا اثْنَانِ فَوَضَعَتْ وَاحِداً وَ بَقِيَ وَاحِدٌ قَالَ قَالَ تَبِينُ بِالْأَوَّلِ وَ لَا تَحِلُّ لِلْأَزْوَاجِ حَتَّى تَضَعَ مَا فِي بَطْنِهَا .


10. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Ja‘far ibn Sama’ah from Ali ‘Imran al-Shifa’ from Rib‘iy ibn ‘ Abd Allah from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah al-Basriy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his pregnant wife with two children in her womb. She gives birth to one and one remains. He (the Imam) said, ‘She becomes stranger with the birth of one child and she is not lawful for marriage until the birth of the other child.’”*


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/140)



وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا طُلِّقَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ وَ هِيَ حَامِلٌ فَأَجَلُهَا أَنْ تَضَعَ حَمْلَهَا وَ إِنْ وَضَعَتْ مِنْ سَاعَتِهَا .


11. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Safwan from Musa ibn Bakr from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a woman is divorced when she is pregnant her waiting period is childbirth even if she gives birth in the same hour.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/141)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ يَزِيدَ الْكُنَاسِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ طَلَاقِ الْحُبْلَى فَقَالَ يُطَلِّقُهَا وَاحِدَةً لِلْعِدَّةِ بِالشُّهُورِ وَ الشُّهُودِ قُلْتُ لَهُ فَلَهُ أَنْ يُرَاجِعَهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ وَ هِيَ امْرَأَتُهُ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ رَاجَعَهَا وَ مَسَّهَا ثُمَّ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَهَا تَطْلِيقَةً أُخْرَى قَالَ لَا يُطَلِّقُهَا حَتَّى يَمْضِيَ لَهَا بَعْدَ مَا مَسَّهَا شَهْرٌقُلْتُ فَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا ثَانِيَةً وَ أَشْهَدَ ثُمَّ رَاجَعَهَا وَ أَشْهَدَ عَلَى رَجْعَتِهَا وَ مَسَّهَا ثُمَّ طَلَّقَهَا التَّطْلِيقَةَ الثَّالِثَةَ وَ أَشْهَدَ عَلَى طَلَاقِهَا لِكُلِّ عِدَّةٍ شَهْرٌ هَلْ تَبِينُ مِنْهُ كَمَا تَبِينُ الْمُطَلَّقَةُ عَلَى الْعِدَّةِ الَّتِي لَا تَحِلُّ لِزَوْجِهَا حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجاً غَيْرَهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ فَمَا عِدَّتُهَا قَالَ عِدَّتُهَا أَنْ تَضَعَ مَا فِي بَطْنِهَا ثُمَّ قَدْ حَلَّتْ لِلْأَزْوَاجِ .


12. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from Yazid al-Kunasiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the divorce of a pregnant woman. He (the Imam) said, ‘She is divorced once for waiting period by months and in the presence of witnesses.’ I then asked, ‘Can he go back to her?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, she is his wife.’ (I then asked,) ‘What happens if he revokes the divorce, then decides to divorce once more?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He cannot divorce until a month passes after he has touched her.’ I then asked, ’What happens if he divorces for the second time and arranges for witness about his revoking the divorce and touches her? Then he divorces for the third time in the presence of witnesses for waiting period of every month; if she becomes stranger like the woman who is divorced with waiting period because of which she is not lawful for her husband until she marries another man?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it can happen.’ I then asked, ‘What is her waiting period?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Her waiting period is giving birth to what is in her womb; then she becomes lawful for whoever wants to marry her.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/141)