11. The Case of One who Arranges Witnesses Separately or Divorces in the Presence of a People but Does not Ask them to Bear Witness

Back to book

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ عَلَى طُهْرٍ مِنْ غَيْرِ جِمَاعٍ وَ أَشْهَدَ الْيَوْمَ رَجُلًا ثُمَّ مَكَثَ خَمْسَةَ أَيَّامٍ ثُمَّ أَشْهَدَ آخَرَ فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا أُمِرَ أَنْ يُشْهَدَا جَمِيعاً .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife in a Hayd (menses)-free period and without sexual intercourse and asks one man to bear witness on that day, then after five days asks another man to bear witness. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is commanded to arrange witnesses together.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/121)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَشْيَمَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَهُرَتِ امْرَأَتُهُ مِنْ حَيْضِهَا فَقَالَ فُلَانَةُ طَالِقٌ وَ قَوْمٌ يَسْمَعُونَ كَلَامَهُ وَ لَمْ يَقُلْ لَهُمُ اشْهَدُوا أَ يَقَعُ الطَّلَاقُ عَلَيْهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ هِيَ شَهَادَةٌ أَ فَتُتْرَكُ مُعَلَّقَةً .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali Ahmad ibn ‘Ushaym who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man whose wife becomes clean of Hayd (menses) and he says, ‘So and so is ‘Taliq’ (let go, divorced) and a people hears his statement but he does not say, “Bear witness”; if divorce takes place or not. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is bearing witness. Can she be left in suspense?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/121)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ رَجُلٍ كَانَتْ لَهُ امْرَأَةٌ طَهُرَتْ مِنْ حَيْضِهَا فَجَاءَ إِلَى جَمَاعَةٍ فَقَالَ فُلَانَةُ طَالِقٌ يَقَعُ عَلَيْهَا الطَّلَاقُ وَ لَمْ يَقُلْ لَهُمُ اشْهَدُوا قَالَ نَعَمْ .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man whose wife becomes clean of Hayd (menses) and he comes to a group of people and says, ‘So and so is ‘Taliq’ (let go, divorced)’ if divorce takes place or not but he has not asked them to bear witness. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, divorce takes place.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/122)



عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَهُرَتِ امْرَأَتُهُ مِنْ حَيْضِهَا فَقَالَ فُلَانَةُ طَالِقٌ وَ قَوْمٌ يَسْمَعُونَ كَلَامَهُ وَ لَمْ يَقُلْ لَهُمُ اشْهَدُوا أَ يَقَعُ الطَّلَاقُ عَلَيْهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ هَذِهِ شَهَادَةٌ .


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Safwan ibn Yahya who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about the case of a man whose wife becomes clean of Hayd (menses) and he says this: ‘So and so is ‘Taliq’ (let go, divorced) and a people hears his statement but he does not ask them to bear witness: if divorce takes place or not, he (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, is bearing witness.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/122)