Al-Kāfi - Volume 6 > AI-Fuqa’ (Beer)
Hadith #1

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْفُقَّاعِ فَقَالَ هُوَ خَمْرٌ مَجْهُولٌ فَلَا تَشْرَبْهُ يَا سُلَيْمَانُ لَوْ كَانَ الدَّارُ لِي أَوِ الْحُكْمُ لَقَتَلْتُ بَائِعَهُ وَ لَجَلَدْتُ شَارِبَهُ .

1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from Sulayman ibn Ja‘far al-Ja‘fariy who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Fuqa‘ (beer). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is unknown wine. Do not drink it, O Sulayman. If the house and command were in my hand I would execute its seller and whip its drinker.’”



Hadith #2

عَنْهُ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ الْمَدَائِنِيِّ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَى قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْفُقَّاعِ فَقَالَ هُوَ خَمْرٌ .

2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from ‘Amr ibn Sa‘id al-Mad’iniy from Musaddiq ibn Sadaqah from ‘Ammar ibn Musa who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Fuqa ’. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is wine.’”



Hadith #3

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حُسَيْنٍ الْقَلَانِسِيِّ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الْمَاضِي ( عليه السلام ) أَسْأَلُهُ عَنِ الْفُقَّاعِ فَقَالَ لَا تَقْرَبْهُ فَإِنَّهُ مِنَ الْخَمْرِ .

3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Husayn al-Qalanisiy who has said the following: “Once I asked abu al-Hassan, al-Madiy, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in writing and asked about al-Fuqa ’ (beer). He (the Imam) wrote to me saying, ‘Do not go close to it; it is wine.’”



Hadith #4

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْفُقَّاعِ فَقَالَ هُوَ الْخَمْرُ بِعَيْنِهَا .

4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad [ibn ‘Isa] from Muhammad ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Fuqa’ . He (the Imam) said, ‘It is wine exactly.’”



Hadith #5

أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) أَسْأَلُهُ عَنِ الْفُقَّاعِ فَكَتَبَ يَنْهَانِي عَنْهُ .

5. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from ibn Faddal who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asking about al-Fuqa ’ and he (the Imam) prohibited me to use it.”



Hadith #6

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى وَ غَيْرُهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْقُرَشِيِّ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنْ زَاذَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ لَوْ أَنَّ لِي سُلْطَاناً عَلَى أَسْوَاقِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ لَرَفَعْتُ عَنْهُمْ هَذِهِ الْخَمْرَةَ يَعْنِي الْفُقَّاعَ .

6. Muhammad ibn Yahya and others have narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad from al-Husayn ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Qarashiy certain persons of our people from abu ‘Abd Allah al-Nawfaliy from Zadhan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If I had control over the market places of the Muslims I would ban this wine, that is, al-Fuqa ’ (beer).”’



Hadith #7

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي جَمِيلَةَ الْبَصْرِيِّ قَالَ كُنْتُ مَعَ يُونُسَ بِبَغْدَادَ فَبَيْنَا أَنَا أَمْشِي مَعَهُ فِي السُّوقِ إِذْ فَتَحَ صَاحِبُ الْفُقَّاعِ فُقَّاعَهُ فَأَصَابَ ثَوْبَ يُونُسَ فَرَأَيْتُهُ قَدِ اغْتَمَّ لِذَلِكَ حَتَّى زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَ لَا تُصَلِّي يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ أُرِيدُ أَنْ أُصَلِّيَ حَتَّى أَرْجِعَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ فَأَغْسِلَ هَذَا الْخَمْرَ مِنْ ثَوْبِي قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ هَذَا رَأْيُكَ أَوْ شَيْ‏ءٌ تَرْوِيهِ فَقَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي هِشَامُ بْنُ الْحَكَمِ أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْفُقَّاعِ فَقَالَ لَا تَشْرَبْهُ فَإِنَّهُ خَمْرٌ مَجْهُولٌ فَإِذَا أَصَابَ ثَوْبَكَ فَاغْسِلْهُ .

7. Muhamad ibn Yahya has narrated from certain persons of our people from those whom he has mentioned from abu Jamilah al-Basriy who have said the following: “Once Yunus and I were in Baghdad, as we were walking, an al-Fuqa’ seller opened his shop and the cloth of Yunus came in contact with al-Fuqa’. I saw him depressed until the sun declined to the west and I asked, ‘Do you not want to perform Salat (prayer), O abu Muhammad?’ He replied, ‘I do not want to perform Salat (prayer) until I return home so I can wash this wine from my clothes.’ I then asked, ‘Is it your own opinion or something that you narrate?’ He said, ‘Hisham ibn al-Hakam informed me that he asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Fuqa’ and he (the Imam) said, ‘Do not drink it; it is unknown wine and if your clothes come in contact with it wash them clean.’”



Hadith #8

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْجَهْمِ وَ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ جَمِيعاً قَالَا سَأَلْنَا أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْفُقَّاعِ فَقَالَ حَرَامٌ وَ هُوَ خَمْرٌ مَجْهُولٌ وَ فِيهِ حَدُّ شَارِبِ الْخَمْرِ .

8. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ‘Amr ibn Sa‘id from al-Hassan ibn al-Jahm and ibn Faddal all have said the following: “We asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Fuqa’. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is unlawful, it is an unknown wine and its penalty is the same as that which is for wine.”’



Hadith #9

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ يَعْنِي الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) أَسْأَلُهُ عَنِ الْفُقَّاعِ قَالَ فَكَتَبَ حَرَامٌ وَ هُوَ خَمْرٌ وَ مَنْ شَرِبَهُ كَانَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ شَارِبِ الْخَمْرِقَالَ وَ قَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ الْأَخِيرُ ( عليه السلام ) لَوْ أَنَّ الدَّارَ دَارِي لَقَتَلْتُ بَائِعَهُ وَ لَجَلَدْتُ شَارِبَهُ وَ قَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ الْأَخِيرُ ( عليه السلام ) حَدُّهُ حَدُّ شَارِبِ الْخَمْرِ وَ قَالَ ( عليه السلام ) هِيَ خُمَيْرَةٌ اسْتَصْغَرَهَا النَّاسُ .

9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Washsha’ who has said the following: “I once wrote to al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked about al-Fuqa’. He (the Imam) wrote back, ‘It is unlawful and it is wine. If one drinks it he is like a wine drinker.’ He (the narrator) has said that abu al-Hassan, al-Akhir, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Had the house been my house I would execute its seller and whip its drinker.’ He (the Imam) has also said, ‘The penalty for drinking al-Fuqa ’ is the same as for drinking wine.’ He (the Imam) has said, ‘It is intoxicating liquor which people have taken lightly.’”



Hadith #10

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى وَ غَيْرُهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) مَا تَقُولُ فِي شُرْبِ الْفُقَّاعِ فَقَالَ خَمْرٌ مَجْهُولٌ يَا سُلَيْمَانُ فَلَا تَشْرَبْهُ أَمَا إِنَّهُ يَا سُلَيْمَانُ لَوْ كَانَ الْحُكْمُ لِي وَ الدَّارُ لِي لَجَلَدْتُ شَارِبَهُ وَ لَقَتَلْتُ بَائِعَهُ .

10. Muhammad ibn Yahya and others have narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from Sulayman ibn Ja‘far who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Fuqa ’. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is an unknown wine, O Sulayman and do not drink it. Had the command been in my hand and the house was my house, I would whip its drinker and execute its seller.’”



Hadith #11

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ شُرْبِ الْفُقَّاعِ فَكَرِهَهُ كَرَاهَةً شَدِيدَةً .

11. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about drinking al-Fuqa ’ and he (the Imam) disliked it very intensely.” Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from ibn Faddal from Muhammad ibn Tsma‘il a similar Hadith.”



Hadith #12

أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ مِثْلَهُ .مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ زَكَرِيَّا أَبِي يَحْيَى قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) أَسْأَلُهُ عَنِ الْفُقَّاعِ وَ أَصِفُهُ لَهُ فَقَالَ لَا تَشْرَبْهُ فَأَعَدْتُ عَلَيْهِ كُلَّ ذَلِكَ أَصِفُهُ لَهُ كَيْفَ يُعْمَلُ فَقَالَ لَا تَشْرَبْهُ وَ لَا تُرَاجِعْنِي فِيهِ .

12. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Bakr ibn Salih from Zakariya abu Yahya who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked about al-Fuqa ’ and described it for him (the Imam) how it is made. He (the Imam) said, ‘Do not drink it and do not come back to me about it again.’”



Hadith #13

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَى قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْفُقَّاعِ فَقَالَ لِي هُوَ خَمْرٌ .

13. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amir ibn Sa‘id from Musaddiq ibn Sadaqah from Mu‘awiyah ibn Musa who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Fuqa’. He (the Imam) said to me, ‘It is wine.’”



Hadith #14

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( صلوات الله عليه ) قَالَ كُلُّ مُسْكِرٍ حَرَامٌ وَ كُلُّ مُخَمَّرٍ حَرَامٌ وَ الْفُقَّاعُ حَرَامٌ .

14. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Musa from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘All intoxicating substances are unlawful, everything confusing the power of reason is unlawful and al-Fuqa’ (beer) is unlawful.’”



Hadith #15

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) أَسْأَلُهُ عَنِ الْفُقَّاعِ قَالَ فَكَتَبَ يَقُولُ هُوَ الْخَمْرُ وَ فِيهِ حَدُّ شَارِبِ الْخَمْرِ .

15. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu al-Hassan and asked about al-Fuqa’. He (the Imam) said in writing, ‘It is wine and the penalty for drinking it is like that for drinking wine.’”