20. Undesirability of Eating and Drinking on the Table where Wine is Served

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ الْجَهْمِ قَالَ كُنَّا مَعَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) بِالْحِيرَةِ حِينَ قَدِمَ عَلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ الْمَنْصُورِ فَخَتَنَ بَعْضُ الْقُوَّادِ ابْناً لَهُ وَ صَنَعَ طَعَاماً وَ دَعَا النَّاسَ وَ كَانَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِيمَنْ دُعِيَفَبَيْنَا هُوَ عَلَى الْمَائِدَةِ يَأْكُلُ وَ مَعَهُ عِدَّةٌ عَلَى الْمَائِدَةِ فَاسْتَسْقَى رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ مَاءً فَأُتِيَ بِقَدَحٍ فِيهِ شَرَابٌ لَهُمْ فَلَمَّا أَنْ صَارَ الْقَدَحُ فِي يَدِ الرَّجُلِ قَامَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْمَائِدَةِ فَسُئِلَ عَنْ قِيَامِهِ فَقَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) مَلْعُونٌ مَنْ جَلَسَ عَلَى مَائِدَةٍ يُشْرَبُ عَلَيْهَا الْخَمْرُوَ فِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى مَلْعُونٌ مَلْعُونٌ مَنْ جَلَسَ طَائِعاً عَلَى مَائِدَةٍ يُشْرَبُ عَلَيْهَا الْخَمْرُ .


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Harun ibn al-Jahm who has said the following: “We were with abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in al-Hirah when he (the Imam) visited abu Ja‘far, al-Mansur, and one of his commanders had a circumcision feast for his child. Food was prepared and people were invited. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was one of the people invited. When he was on the table to have food from a group of people near by, a man asked for water but a bowl of wine was brought for him. When the bowl reached the hand of the man abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, stood up to leave the table. He (the Imam) was asked about the reason for getting up and he (the Imam) said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘Condemned is one who sits on a table where wine is served.’ In another Hadith it is said, ‘Condemned is he, condemned is he who sits on a table voluntarily where wine is served.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/68)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ جَرَّاحٍ الْمَدَائِنِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) مَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَ الْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ فَلَا يَأْكُلُ عَلَى مَائِدَةٍ يُشْرَبُ عَلَيْهَا الْخَمْرُ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa, from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from al-Qasim ibn Sulayman from Jarrah al-Mad’iniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘Whoever believes in Allah and the Day of Judgment, must not eat at a table where wine exists.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/69)