26. The Rare Ahadith

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ إِدْرِيسَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ مَوْلُودٍ يُولَدُ فَيَمُوتُ يَوْمَ السَّابِعِ هَلْ يُعَقُّ عَنْهُ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ مَاتَ قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ لَمْ يُعَقَّ عَنْهُ وَ إِنْ مَاتَ بَعْدَ الظُّهْرِ عُقَّ عَنْهُ .


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Khalid from Sa‘d ibn Sa‘d from Idris ibn ‘ Abd Allah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a child who dies on the seventh day: if ‘Aqiqah is still necessary. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he dies before al-Zuhr ‘Aqiqah is not required; but if he dies after al-Zuhr then ‘Aqiqah is required.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/68)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي هَارُونَ مَوْلَى آلِ جَعْدَةَ قَالَ كُنْتُ جَلِيساً لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَفَقَدَنِي أَيَّاماً ثُمَّ إِنِّي جِئْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لِي لَمْ أَرَكَ مُنْذُ أَيَّامٍ يَا أَبَا هَارُونَ فَقُلْتُ وُلِدَ لِي غُلَامٌ فَقَالَ بَارَكَ اللَّهُ فِيهِ فَمَا سَمَّيْتَهُ قُلْتُ سَمَّيْتُهُ مُحَمَّداًقَالَ فَأَقْبَلَ بِخَدِّهِ نَحْوَ الْأَرْضِ وَ هُوَ يَقُولُ مُحَمَّدٌ مُحَمَّدٌ مُحَمَّدٌ حَتَّى كَادَ يَلْصَقُ خَدُّهُ بِالْأَرْضِ ثُمَّ قَالَ بِنَفْسِي وَ بِوُلْدِي وَ بِأَهْلِي وَ بِأَبَوَيَّ وَ بِأَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ كُلِّهِمْ جَمِيعاً الْفِدَاءُ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) لَا تَسُبَّهُ وَ لَا تَضْرِبْهُ وَ لَا تُسِئْ إِلَيْهِ وَ اعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ فِي الْأَرْضِ دَارٌ فِيهَا اسْمُ مُحَمَّدٍ إِلَّا وَ هِيَ تُقَدَّسُ كُلَّ يَوْمٍثُمَّ قَالَ لِي عَقَقْتَ عَنْهُ قَالَ فَأَمْسَكْتُ قَالَ وَ قَدْ رَآنِي حَيْثُ أَمْسَكْتُ ظَنَّ أَنِّي لَمْ أَفْعَلْ فَقَالَ يَا مُصَادِفُ ادْنُ مِنِّي فَوَ اللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ مَا قَالَ لَهُ إِلَّا أَنِّي ظَنَنْتُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ أَمَرَ لِي بِشَيْ‏ءٍ فَذَهَبْتُ لِأَقُومَ فَقَالَ لِي كَمَا أَنْتَ يَا أَبَا هَارُونَ فَجَاءَنِي مُصَادِفٌ بِثَلَاثَةِ دَنَانِيرَ فَوَضَعَهَا فِي يَدِي فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا هَارُونَ اذْهَبْ فَاشْتَرِ كَبْشَيْنِ وَ اسْتَسْمِنْهُمَا وَ اذْبَحْهُمَا وَ كُلْ وَ أَطْعِمْ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from abu Harun Mawla’ ale Al-Ja‘dah who has said the following: “I would often sit with abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in al-Madinah and he (the Imam) found me absent for a few days. When I went to visit him (the Imam) he (the Imam) asked, ‘I have not seen you for many days, O abu Harun.’ I said that a boy is born to me. He (the Imam) said, ‘May Allah make him a blessing for you! What have you named him?’ I replied, ‘I have named him Muhammad.’ He (the Imam) lowered his face to the ground saying, Muhammad, Muhammad, Muhammad, until his face almost touched the ground. He (the Imam) then said, ‘My soul, my children, my family, my father and all the inhabitants of earth, all of them are sacrifices for the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. You must not abuse him (the child), beat him or misbehave with him. Take notice, O abu Harun, that there is no house on earth wherein someone is named Muhammad but that it speaks of the glory of Allah.’ He (the Imam) then asked me, ‘Have you offered ‘Aqiqah for him?’ He (the narrator) has said, ‘I remained quiet. He (the Imam) found me quiet and thought that I have not offered ‘Aqiqah yet. He (the Imam) said, ‘O Musadif, come closer to me.’ I by Allah did not hear what he (the Imam) said to him except that I guessed he (the Imam) instructed him to give something to me. I then wanted to stand up and he (the Imam) then said to me, ‘Wait O abu Harun as you are.’ Musadif then brought for me three dinars and placed them in my hand and said, ‘O abu Harun, you can go and buy two rams, make sure they are fat, then slaughter and use them for food.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/69)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ لَمْ يَعُقَّ عَنْ وَلَدِهِ حَتَّى كَبِرَ وَ كَانَ غُلَاماً شَابّاً أَوْ رَجُلًا قَدْ بَلَغَ قَالَ إِذَا ضُحِّيَ عَنْهُ أَوْ ضَحَّى الْوَلَدُ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ فَقَدْ أَجْزَأَتْ عَنْهُ عَقِيقَتُهُوَ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) الْمَوْلُودُ مُرْتَهَنٌ بِعَقِيقَتِهِ فَكَّهُ أَبَوَاهُ أَوْ تَرَكَاهُ .


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who had not offered ‘Aqiqah for any of his children until they all grew up as young boys or grown up men. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he offers sacrifice for them or they themselves offer sacrifice it then is sufficient for ‘Aqiqah. He (the Imam) said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘The newborn is under the mortgage of ‘Aqiqah and it is up to the parents to free him or leave him under such mortgage.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/69)