56. Appointing an Attorney for Divorce

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أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ وَ الرَّزَّازُ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ نُوحٍ وَ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الْأَعْرَجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ جَعَلَ أَمْرَ امْرَأَتِهِ إِلَى رَجُلٍ فَقَالَ اشْهَدُوا أَنِّي جَعَلْتُ أَمْرَ فُلَانَةَ إِلَى فُلَانٍ أَ يَجُوزُ ذَلِكَ لِلرَّجُلِ قَالَ نَعَمْ .


1. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar and al-Razzaz from Ayyub ibn Nuh Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah all from Safwan ibn Yahya from Sa‘id al-A’raj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has left the affair of his wife to another man saying, ‘Bear witness that I have left the affairs of so and so, to so and so; if it is permissible for the man. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is permissible.’ ”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/218)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ وَ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الْأَعْرَجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي رَجُلٍ يَجْعَلُ أَمْرَ امْرَأَتِهِ إِلَى رَجُلٍ فَقَالَ اشْهَدُوا أَنِّي قَدْ جَعَلْتُ أَمْرَ فُلَانَةَ إِلَى فُلَانٍ فَيُطَلِّقُهَا أَ يَجُوزُ ذَلِكَ لِلرَّجُلِ قَالَ نَعَمْ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id and Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il all from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from Sa‘id al-‘A’raj who has said the following: “About the case of a man who leaves the affairs of his wife to a man to deal with saying, ‘Bear witness that I have left the affairs of so and so, to so and so to deal with; if it is permissible. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is permissible.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/218)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) فِي رَجُلٍ جَعَلَ طَلَاقَ امْرَأَتِهِ بِيَدِ رَجُلَيْنِ فَطَلَّقَ أَحَدُهُمَا وَ أَبَى الْآخَرُ فَأَبَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) أَنْ يُجِيزَ ذَلِكَ حَتَّى يَجْتَمِعَا جَمِيعاً عَلَى طَلَاقٍ .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that about the case of a man who had left the affairs of his wife to two men to deal with; of whom one divorced her but the other one refused, ’Amir al- Mu’minin also refused to approve it unless both agreed to divorce her.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/219)



مُحَمَّدٌ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي هِلَالٍ الرَّازِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) رَجُلٌ وَكَّلَ رَجُلًا بِطَلَاقِ امْرَأَتِهِ إِذَا حَاضَتْ وَ طَهُرَتْ وَ خَرَجَ الرَّجُلُ فَبَدَا لَهُ فَأَشْهَدَ أَنَّهُ قَدْ أَبْطَلَ مَا كَانَ أَمَرَهُ بِهِ وَ أَنَّهُ قَدْ بَدَا لَهُ فِي ذَلِكَ قَالَ فَلْيُعْلِمْ أَهْلَهُ وَ لْيُعْلِمِ الْوَكِيلَ .


4. Muhammad has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Muskan from abu Hilal al-Raziy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who appoints a man to divorce his wife after she experiences Hayd (menses) and becomes clean and he himself goes away; but he changes his mind and arranges witnesses that he has changed his mind. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must inform his wife and his attorney about it.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/219)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ شَمُّونٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ مِسْمَعٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي رَجُلٍ جَعَلَ طَلَاقَ امْرَأَتِهِ بِيَدِ رَجُلَيْنِ فَطَلَّقَ أَحَدُهُمَا وَ أَبَى الْآخَرُ فَأَبَى عَلِيٌّ ( عليه السلام ) أَنْ يُجِيزَ ذَلِكَ حَتَّى يَجْتَمِعَا عَلَى الطَّلَاقِ جَمِيعاً .وَ رُوِيَ أَنَّهُ لَا تَجُوزُ الْوَكَالَةُ فِي الطَّلَاقِ .


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Shammun from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al- Rahman from Misma‘ who has said the following: “About the case of a man who leaves the matters about the divorce of his wife to two men, of whom one divorces and the other refuses, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The other man should also agree about divorce to have the agreement of both people.’” It is also narrated that attorney in divorce is not permissible.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/219)



الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ وَ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ قَالَ لَا تَجُوزُ الْوَكَالَةُ فِي الطَّلَاقِ .


6. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from Ja‘far ibn Sama‘ah al from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not permissible to appoint an attorney in divorce.’” Al-Hassan ibn Sama‘ah has narrated that this is the Hadith which we follow.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/219)