70. A Woman’s Receiving News of being Divorced by her husband thus She Marries then her first Husband Comes then She is Separated from Both

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ امْرَأَةٍ نُعِيَ إِلَيْهَا زَوْجُهَا فَاعْتَدَّتْ وَ تَزَوَّجَتْ فَجَاءَ زَوْجُهَا الْأَوَّلُ فَفَارَقَهَا وَ فَارَقَهَا الْآخَرُ كَمْ تَعْتَدُّ لِلنَّاسِ قَالَ ثَلَاثَةَ قُرُوءٍ وَ إِنَّمَا يُسْتَبْرَأُ رَحِمُهَا بِثَلَاثَةِ قُرُوءٍ تُحِلُّهَا لِلنَّاسِ كُلِّهِمْقَالَ زُرَارَةُ وَ ذَلِكَ أَنَّ أُنَاساً قَالُوا تَعْتَدُّ عِدَّتَيْنِ مِنْ كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ عِدَّةً فَأَبَى ذَلِكَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ تَعْتَدُّ ثَلَاثَةَ قُرُوءٍ فَتَحِلُّ لِلرِّجَالِ .


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Musa ibn Bakr from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who receives news of the death of her husband and she counts her waiting period; then marries. Then her first husband comes. She then separates from him and he from her and about how long is her waiting period. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is three Hayd (menses)-free periods. She only needs to place her womb in quarantine for three Hayd (menses)-free periods and thereafter she becomes lawful for anyone of all people.’ Zurarah has said that it is because people said she needs two waiting periods, one waiting period because of each one. Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, rejected it and said, ‘She must count three Hayd (menses)-free periods and thereafter she becomes lawful for men for marriage.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/251)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ فِي امْرَأَةٍ نُعِيَ إِلَيْهَا زَوْجُهَا فَتَزَوَّجَتْ ثُمَّ قَدِمَ زَوْجُهَا الْأَوَّلُ فَطَلَّقَهَا وَ طَلَّقَهَا الْآخَرُ قَالَ فَقَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ النَّخَعِيُّ عَلَيْهَا أَنْ تَعْتَدَّ عِدَّتَيْنِ فَحَمَلَهَا زُرَارَةُ إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) فَقَالَ عَلَيْهَا عِدَّةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ .


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ’Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from certain persons of his people who has said the following: “About the case of a woman who receives news of the death of her husband, then she marries; then her first husband comes who divorces her and also the second husband divorces. Ibrahim al-Nakha‘iy has said that she must count two waiting periods. Zurarah then took the question to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, who said that she has only one waiting period.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/251)