22. Wine is Prohibited because of its Effects; whatever has an Effect as the Effect of Wine, it is Wine

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ أَخِيهِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ أَبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى لَمْ يُحَرِّمِ الْخَمْرَ لِاسْمِهَا وَ لَكِنْ حَرَّمَهَا لِعَاقِبَتِهَا فَمَا فَعَلَ فِعْلَ الْخَمْرِ فَهُوَ خَمْرٌ .


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Yaqtin from Ya’qub ibn Ali ibn Yaqtin from his brother Ali ibn Yaqtin who has said the following: “Abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, the most Blessed, the most High, has not made wine unlawful because of its name. He has made it unlawful because of its consequences, therefore, whatever, works as wine does, it then is wine.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/270)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ أَخِيهِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الْمَاضِي ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ لَمْ يُحَرِّمِ الْخَمْرَ لِاسْمِهَا وَ لَكِنَّهُ حَرَّمَهَا لِعَاقِبَتِهَا فَمَا كَانَ عَاقِبَتُهُ عَاقِبَةَ الْخَمْرِ فَهُوَ خَمْرٌ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Yaqtin from his brother Al-Husayn ibn Ali ibn Yaqtin from his father Ali ibn Yaqtin who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, al-Madiy, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has not made wine unlawful because of its name. He has made it unlawful because of its consequences, therefore, whatever, has the same consequence as that of wine, it then is wine. 5 ”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/271)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) لِمَ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ الْخَمْرَ فَقَالَ حَرَّمَهَا لِفِعْلِهَا وَ مَا تُؤَثِّرُ مِنْ فَسَادِهَا .


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Why has Allah prohibited wine?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He has prohibited it because of its effects and the destructive effects that it leaves behind.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/271)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ حُكَيْمٍ عَنْ أَبِي مَالِكٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) لِمَ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ الْخَمْرَ فَقَالَ حَرَّمَهَا لِفِعْلِهَا وَ فَسَادِهَا .


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Mu’awiyah ibn Hakim from abu Malik al-Hadramiy from abu al- Jarud who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Why Allah has prohibited wine?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He has prohibited it because of what it does and its destructive effects.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/271)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ حُكَيْمٍ عَنْ أَبِي مَالِكٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ النَّبِيذِ أَ خَمْرٌ هُوَ فَقَالَ ( عليه السلام ) مَا زَادَ عَلَى التَّرْكِ جَوْدَةً فَهُوَ خَمْرٌ .


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Mu’awiyah ibn Hakim from abu Malik al-Hadramiy from abu al- Jarud who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Nabidh; if it is wine. He (the Imam) said, ‘Whatever upon drinking is more pleasurable than not drinking, it is wine.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/271)