3. Excellence of Daughters

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مِهْزَمٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْكَرْخِيِّ عَنْ ثِقَةٍ حَدَّثَهُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا قَالَ تَزَوَّجْتُ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) كَيْفَ رَأَيْتَ قُلْتُ مَا رَأَى رَجُلٌ مِنْ خَيْرٍ فِي امْرَأَةٍ إِلَّا وَ قَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ فِيهَا وَ لَكِنْ خَانَتْنِي فَقَالَ وَ مَا هُوَ قُلْتُ وَلَدَتْ جَارِيَةً قَالَ لَعَلَّكَ كَرِهْتَهَا إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَقُولُ آباؤُكُمْ وَ أَبْناؤُكُمْ لا تَدْرُونَ أَيُّهُمْ أَقْرَبُ لَكُمْ نَفْعاً .


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘ from Ibrahim ibn Mehzam from Ibrahim al-Karkhiy from a trustworthy man who narrated from certain persons of our people who have said the following: “I married in al-Madinah and abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked me, ‘How is your married life?’ I replied, ‘Every good thing that a man can see in a woman I found with her but she betrayed me.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘How did she do so?’ I replied, ‘She gave birth to a girl.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You may have disliked her but Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, says, ‘Regardless of how you feel about your parents or children, you do not know which of them is more beneficial to you. Allah is All-knowing and All-wise. (4:11)’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/11)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) أَبَا بَنَاتٍ .


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, was a father of daughters.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/11)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ الْوَاسِطِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ أَبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ ( عليه السلام ) سَأَلَ رَبَّهُ أَنْ يَرْزُقَهُ ابْنَةً تَبْكِيهِ وَ تَنْدُبُهُ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ .


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Muhammad al-Wasitiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam prayed to his Lord to give him a daughter who will weep and mourn for him after his death.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/11)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ جَارُودٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) إِنَّ لِي بَنَاتٍ فَقَالَ لَعَلَّكَ تَتَمَنَّى مَوْتَهُنَّ أَمَا إِنَّكَ إِنْ تَمَنَّيْتَ مَوْتَهُنَّ فَمِتْنَ لَمْ تُؤْجَرْ وَ لَقِيتَ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَوْمَ تَلْقَاهُ وَ أَنْتَ عَاصٍ .


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn al-Hakam from Jarud who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that I have several daughters. He (the Imam) said, ‘Perhaps you wish that they die. You must take notice that if you wished that they die and they died, you will have no reward and will meet Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, as a disobedient person.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/12)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) نِعْمَ الْوَلَدُ الْبَنَاتُ مُلْطِفَاتٌ مُجَهِّزَاتٌ مُونِسَاتٌ مُبَارَكَاتٌ مُفَلِّيَاتٌ .


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘The best of children are daughters, who are kind, serving, comforting, blessed and nursing (their parents).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/12)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ الزَّيَّاتِ عَنْ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ حُمْرَانَ يَرْفَعُهُ قَالَ أُتِيَ رَجُلٌ وَ هُوَ عِنْدَ النَّبِيِّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) فَأُخْبِرَ بِمَوْلُودٍ أَصَابَهُ فَتَغَيَّرَ وَجْهُ الرَّجُلِ فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِيُّ ( عليه السلام ) مَا لَكَ فَقَالَ خَيْرٌ فَقَالَ قُلْ قَالَ خَرَجْتُ وَ الْمَرْأَةُ تَمْخَضُ فَأُخْبِرْتُ أَنَّهَا وَلَدَتْ جَارِيَةً فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِيُّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) الْأَرْضُ تُقِلُّهَا وَ السَّمَاءُ تُظِلُّهَا وَ اللَّهُ يَرْزُقُهَا وَ هِيَ رَيْحَانَةٌ تَشَمُّهَا


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from Ali ibn al-Hakam from abu al-‘Abbas al- Zayyat from Hamzah ibn Humran in a marfu‘ manner has said the following: “A man once was with the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, he informed him about the birth of a child but his face changed. The Holy Prophet asked him, ‘What is the matter with you?’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘Say that it is good.’ He then said, ‘I left and my wife was in labor. I am informed that she has given birth to a girl.’ The Holy Prophet said, ‘The earth carries her weight , the sky provides her shadow, Allah gives her sustenance and she is a sweet smelling flower: you enjoy her fragrance.’ He (the Messenger of Allah) then said this to his companions: ‘One who has one daughter carries a heavy load, one who has two daughters is like scorched land that begs for rain from Allah and one who has three daughters is exempt from Jihad (serving in the army) and all hardships. One who has four daughters, then O slaves of Allah you must help him, O slaves of Allah you must give him a loan and O slaves of Allah you must have mercy on him.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/13)



ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ مَنْ كَانَتْ لَهُ ابْنَةٌ فَهُوَ مَفْدُوحٌ وَ مَنْ كَانَتْ لَهُ ابْنَتَانِ فَيَا غَوْثَاهُ بِاللَّهِ وَ مَنْ كَانَتْ لَهُ ثَلَاثٌ وُضِعَ عَنْهُ الْجِهَادُ وَ كُلُّ مَكْرُوهٍ وَ مَنْ كَانَ لَهُ أَرْبَعٌ فَيَا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ أَعِينُوهُ يَا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ أَقْرِضُوهُ يَا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ ارْحَمُوهُ .وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْقَاسَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ مُقْبِلٍ الْمَدَائِنِيِّ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى عَلَى الْإِنَاثِ أَرْأَفُ مِنْهُ عَلَى الذُّكُورِ وَ مَا مِنْ رَجُلٍ يُدْخِلُ فَرْحَةً عَلَى امْرَأَةٍ بَيْنَهُ وَ بَيْنَهَا حُرْمَةٌ إِلَّا فَرَّحَهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ .


7. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Ali ibn Muhammad al-Qasaniy from Sulayman ibn Ja‘far al-Ja‘fariy who has said the following: “This is a narration of abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, from the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. He (the Messenger of Allah) , has said, ‘Allah, most Blessed, most High, is kinder to female than to male, and whoever of men brings happiness to a female relative Allah, most High, will make him happy on the Day of Judgment.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/13)



وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ بَعْضِ مَنْ رَوَاهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحِيمِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْبَنَاتُ حَسَنَاتٌ وَ الْبَنُونَ نِعْمَةٌ فَإِنَّمَا يُثَابُ عَلَى الْحَسَنَاتِ وَ يُسْأَلُ عَنِ النِّعْمَةِ .


8. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from certain persons who narrated to him from Ahmad ibn ‘Abd al-Rahim from certain persons of his people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Daughters are good deeds and sons are bounties. Reward comes only from good deeds and for bounties one will be held for questioning.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/13)



أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْعَاصِمِيُّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ التَّيْمُلِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْجَارُودِ بْنِ الْمُنْذِرِ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) بَلَغَنِي أَنَّهُ وُلِدَ لَكَ ابْنَةٌ فَتُسْخِطُهَا وَ مَا عَلَيْكَ مِنْهَا رَيْحَانَةٌ تَشَمُّهَا وَ قَدْ كُفِيتَ رِزْقَهَا وَ قَدْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) أَبَا بَنَاتٍ .


9. Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-‘Asemiy has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hassan al-Taymuliy from Ali ibn Asbat from his father from al-Jarud ibn al-Mundhir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to me, ‘I am told a girl is born to you whom you dislike. What has she brought upon you? She is a sweet smelling flower you enjoy and her sustenance is guaranteed, besides, the Messenger of Allah was a father of girls.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/13)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) مَنْ عَالَ ثَلَاثَ بَنَاتٍ أَوْ ثَلَاثَ أَخَوَاتٍ وَجَبَتْ لَهُ الْجَنَّةُ فَقِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) وَ اثْنَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ وَ اثْنَتَيْنِ فَقِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَ وَاحِدَةً فَقَالَ وَ وَاحِدَةً .


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn al-Hakam from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘One who supports three daughters or three sisters, paradise becomes obligatory for him.’ It then was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, what happens if one supports just two?’ He (the Messenger of Allah) replied, ‘Even if they are just two.’ It then was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, what happens if it is only one?’ He (the Messenger of Allah) replied, ‘Even if she is just one.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/14)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عِدَّةٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يُوسُفَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ اللَّخْمِيِّ قَالَ وُلِدَ لِرَجُلٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا جَارِيَةٌ فَدَخَلَ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فَرَآهُ مُتَسَخِّطاً فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَ رَأَيْتَ لَوْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى أَوْحَى إِلَيْكَ أَنْ أَخْتَارُ لَكَ أَوْ تَخْتَارُ لِنَفْسِكَ مَا كُنْتَ تَقُولُ قَالَ كُنْتُ أَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ تَخْتَارُ لِي قَالَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدِ اخْتَارَ لَكَقَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ الْغُلَامَ الَّذِي قَتَلَهُ الْعَالِمُ الَّذِي كَانَ مَعَ مُوسَى ( عليه السلام ) وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فَأَرَدْنا أَنْ يُبْدِلَهُما رَبُّهُما خَيْراً مِنْهُ زَكاةً وَ أَقْرَبَ رُحْماً أَبْدَلَهُمَا اللَّهُ بِهِ جَارِيَةً وَلَدَتْ سَبْعِينَ نَبِيّاً .


11. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from a number of his people from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Yusuf from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id al-Lakhmiy who has said the following: “To a certain persons of our people a girl was born and he visited abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who saw him disappointed. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said to him, ‘Consider if Allah, most Blessed, most High, sent revelation to you which said, “Do you want Me to choose for you or you want to choose for yourself,” what would you say?’ He replied, ‘I would say, O Lord, You choose for me.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If so then it is Allah, most High who has chosen for you.’ He (the narrator) has said that he (the Imam) then said, ‘The boy whom the learned man with Musa killed — and is mentioned in the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘. . . We wanted to replace him with a child better than him in purity and nearer as relatives’ — Allah replaced him with a girl who gave birth to seventy prophets.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/14)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْبَنُونَ نَعِيمٌ وَ الْبَنَاتُ حَسَنَاتٌ وَ اللَّهُ يَسْأَلُ عَنِ النَّعِيمِ وَ يُثِيبُ عَلَى الْحَسَنَاتِ .


12. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Musa from Ahmad ibn al-Fadl who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Sons are bounties and daughters are good deeds, Allah questions one about the bounties but for the good deeds He gives good rewards.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/14)