23. Divorce of a Woman whose Marriage is not Consummated

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ إِذَا طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَ لَمْ يَدْخُلْ بِهَا فَقَالَ قَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ وَ تَزَوَّجُ إِنْ شَاءَتْ مِنْ سَاعَتِهَا.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Nasr from ‘Abd al-Karim from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife with whom he has not gone to bed. He (the Imam) said, ‘She becomes stranger to him and she can marry in the same hour after divorce/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/142)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) أَنَّهُ قَالَ إِذَا طُلِّقَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ الَّتِي لَمْ يُدْخَلْ بِهَا بَانَتْ بِتَطْلِيقَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ .


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘If a woman with whom her husband has not gone to bed is divorced, she becomes stranger to him by one divorce/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/143)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا طَلَّقَ الرَّجُلُ امْرَأَتَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ بِهَا فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهَا عِدَّةٌ تَزَوَّجُ مِنْ سَاعَتِهَا إِنْ شَاءَتْ وَ تُبِينُهَا تَطْلِيقَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ وَ إِنْ كَانَ فَرَضَ لَهَا مَهْراً فَلَهَا نِصْفُ مَا فَرَضَ .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man divorces his wife before going to bed with her, she does not need to wait for a waiting period. She can marry in the same hour after divorce if she wants. With one divorce she becomes stranger to him and if mahr (dower) is set for her, she deserves half of such mahr (dower)/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/143)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ وَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) فِي رَجُلٍ تَزَوَّجَ امْرَأَةً بِكْراً ثُمَّ طَلَّقَهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ بِهَا ثَلَاثَ تَطْلِيقَاتٍ كُلَّ شَهْرٍ تَطْلِيقَةً قَالَ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ فِي التَّطْلِيقَةِ الْأُولَى وَ اثْنَتَانِ فَضْلٌ وَ هُوَ خَاطِبٌ يَتَزَوَّجُهَا مَتَى شَاءَتْ وَ شَاءَ بِمَهْرٍ جَدِيدٍ قِيلَ لَهُ فَلَهُ أَنْ يُرَاجِعَهَا إِذَا طَلَّقَهَا تَطْلِيقَةً قَبْلَ أَنْ تَمْضِيَ ثَلَاثَةُ أَشْهُرٍ قَالَ لَا إِنَّمَا كَانَ يَكُونُ لَهُ أَنْ يُرَاجِعَهَا لَوْ كَانَ دَخَلَ بِهَا أَوَّلًا فَأَمَّا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ بِهَا فَلَا رَجْعَةَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا قَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ مِنْ سَاعَةٍ طَلَّقَهَا .


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from abu Ayyub and ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah who has said the following: “There is the case of a man who marries a virgin woman, then divorces her before going to bed with three divorces, one divorce every month. One of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘With the first divorce she becomes stranger to him and the other two are extra. He is one of those who may propose marriage when he wants with new mahr (dower)/ It then was asked from him (the Imam), ‘Can he go back to her before the passing of three months?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, he cannot do so. He could have done so if he were to go to bed with her before, but with a divorce without going to bed with her he cannot revoke and she becomes stranger to him in the same hour of his divorcing.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/143)



أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ عُبَيْسِ بْنِ هِشَامٍ عَنْ ثَابِتِ بْنِ شُرَيْحٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا تَزَوَّجَ الرَّجُلُ الْمَرْأَةَ فَطَلَّقَهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ بِهَا فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهَا عِدَّةٌ وَ تَزَوَّجُ مَنْ شَاءَتْ مِنْ سَاعَتِهَا وَ تُبِينُهَا تَطْلِيقَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ .حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ وَ عُبَيْسِ بْنِ هِشَامٍ عَنْ ثَابِتِ بْنِ شُرَيْحٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) مِثْلَهُ .


5. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn ‘Abd Allah from ‘Ubays ibn Hisham from Thabit ibn Shurayh from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man marries a woman, then divorces before going to bed with her, she then does not need to count her waiting period. She can marry whomever she wants in the same hour after divorce and she becomes stranger to him by one divorce.’” Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from Salih ibn Khalid and ‘Ubays ibn Hisham from Thabit ibn Shurayh from abu Basir from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, a similar Hadith .


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح والثاني موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/143)



أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ الرَّزَّازُ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ نُوحٍ وَ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا طَلَّقَ الرَّجُلُ امْرَأَتَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ بِهَا تَطْلِيقَةً وَاحِدَةً فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ وَ تَزَوَّجُ مِنْ سَاعَتِهَا إِنْ شَاءَتْ .


6. Abu al-‘Abbas al-Razzaz has narrated from Ayyub ibn Nuh and Humayd ibn Ziyad from ibn Sama‘ah from Safwan from ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man divorces his wife before going to bed with her with one divorce, she becomes stranger to him in the same hour after divorce. She can marry someone if she wants.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/143)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) قَالَ الْعِدَّةُ مِنَ الْمَاءِ .


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from ibn Muskan from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘ Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ’Waiting period is because of water (seed, semen)/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/144)