28. Waiting Period for a Divorced Woman and Where She must have it

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ لَا يَنْبَغِي لِلْمُطَلَّقَةِ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ زَوْجِهَا حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَا ثَلَاثَةَ قُرُوءٍ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةَ أَشْهُرٍ إِنْ لَمْ تَحِضْ .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A divorced woman must not go out without the permission of her husband until her waiting period is complete after three Hayd (menses)-free periods or three months, if she does not experience Hayd (menses).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/153)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ سِرْحَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ عِدَّةُ الْمُطَلَّقَةِ ثَلَاثَةُ قُرُوءٍ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةُ أَشْهُرٍ إِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ تَحِيضُ .


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Nasr from Dawud ibn Sarhan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Waiting period for a divorced woman is three Hayd (menses)-free periods or three months if she does not experience Hayd (menses).”’ Humayd has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from Ja‘far ibn Sama‘ah from Dawud ibn Sarhan from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, a similar Hadith.




حُمَيْدٌ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ سِرْحَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) مِثْلَهُ .عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُطَلَّقَةِ أَيْنَ تَعْتَدُّ قَالَ فِي بَيْتِهَا لَا تَخْرُجُ وَ إِنْ أَرَادَتْ زِيَارَةً خَرَجَتْ بَعْدَ نِصْفِ اللَّيْلِ وَ لَا تَخْرُجُ نَهَاراً وَ لَيْسَ لَهَا أَنْ تَحُجَّ حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَاوَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا أَ كَذَلِكَ هِيَ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَ تَحُجُّ إِنْ شَاءَتْ .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah ibn Mehran who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who is divorced and about where she must complete her waiting period. He (the Imam) said, ‘She completes her waiting period in her house and must not go out. If she wants to visit she must go after midnight but not during the day. She does not have the right to perform al-Hajj until her waiting period is complete.’ I asked about one whose husband dies; if her case is the same. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is the same but she can perform al-Hajj if she wants.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/153)



عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْمُطَلَّقَةُ تَعْتَدُّ فِي بَيْتِهَا وَ لَا يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تَخْرُجَ حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَا وَ عِدَّتُهَا ثَلَاثَةُ قُرُوءٍ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةُ أَشْهُرٍ إِلَّا أَنْ تَكُونَ تَحِيضُ .


4. Ali has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Hamid from Muhammad ibn Qays who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A woman divorced must complete her waiting period in her home and it is not proper for her to go out until her waiting period is complete. Her waiting period is three Hayd-( menses)-free periods or three months except if she experiences Hayd (menses).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/154)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي خَلَفٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى بْنَ جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنَ الطَّلَاقِ فَقَالَ إِذَا طَلَّقَ الرَّجُلُ امْرَأَتَهُ طَلَاقاً لَا يَمْلِكُ فِيهِ الرَّجْعَةَ فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ سَاعَةَ طَلَّقَهَا وَ مَلَكَتْ نَفْسَهَا وَ لَا سَبِيلَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا وَ تَعْتَدُّ حَيْثُ شَاءَتْ وَ لَا نَفَقَةَ لَهَاقَالَ قُلْتُ أَ لَيْسَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَقُولُ لا تُخْرِجُوهُنَّ مِنْ بُيُوتِهِنَّ وَ لا يَخْرُجْنَ قَالَ فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا عَنَى بِذَلِكَ الَّتِي تُطَلَّقُ تَطْلِيقَةً بَعْدَ تَطْلِيقَةٍ فَتِلْكَ الَّتِي لَا تُخْرَجُ وَ لَا تَخْرُجُ حَتَّى تُطَلَّقَ الثَّالِثَةَ فَإِذَا طُلِّقَتِ الثَّالِثَةَ فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ وَ لَا نَفَقَةَ لَهَا وَ الْمَرْأَةُ الَّتِي يُطَلِّقُهَا الرَّجُلُ تَطْلِيقَةً ثُمَّ يَدَعُهَا حَتَّى يَخْلُوَ أَجَلُهَا فَهَذِهِ أَيْضاً تَقْعُدُ فِي مَنْزِلِ زَوْجِهَا وَ لَهَا النَّفَقَةُ وَ السُّكْنَى حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَا .


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from Sa‘d ibn abu Khalaf who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, Musa ibn Ja‘far, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, something about divorce. He (the Imam) said, ‘When a man divorces his wife in a manner because of which he cannot go back to her, she becomes stranger to him in the hour divorce is pronounced and she takes control of her affairs and he has no way to her. She can complete her waiting period where she wants. He does not owe her maintenance.’ He (the narrator) has said that I then said, ‘Does Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, not say, ‘. . . do not send them out of their houses and they must not go out’? He (the Imam) said, ‘It means she is divorced after being divorced. She is the one who must not be sent out of her house and must not go out of her house until the third divorce. When the third divorce is pronounced she becomes stranger to him and he does not owe her maintenance. A woman whom a man divorces once then leaves so that her waiting period is complete is the kind of woman who must stay in the house of her husband and she must be paid maintenance and lodging until waiting period is complete.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/154)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ تَعْتَدُّ الْمُطَلَّقَةُ فِي بَيْتِهَا وَ لَا يَنْبَغِي لِزَوْجِهَا إِخْرَاجُهَا وَ لَا تَخْرُجُ هِيَ .


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A divorced woman completes her waiting period in her home and it is not proper for her husband to send her out and she also must not go out.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/155)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْمُطَلَّقَةُ تَشَوَّفَتْ لِزَوْجِهَا مَا كَانَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا رَجْعَةٌ وَ لَا يَسْتَأْذِنُ عَلَيْهَا .


7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Nasr from ‘Asem ibn Hamid from Muhammad ibn Qays who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A woman who is divorced and her husband has the right to go back to her, can beautify herself before her husband and he does not need to ask permission to go to her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/155)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ رِبَاطٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُطَلَّقَةِ أَيْنَ تَعْتَدُّ فَقَالَ فِي بَيْتِ زَوْجِهَا .


8. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from ibn Ribat from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the divorced woman; where she completes her waiting period. He (the Imam) said, ‘She completes it in the house of her husband.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/155)



عَنْهُ عَنْ وُهَيْبِ بْنِ حَفْصٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) فِي الْمُطَلَّقَةِ أَيْنَ تَعْتَدُّ فَقَالَ فِي بَيْتِهَا إِذَا كَانَ طَلَاقاً لَهُ عَلَيْهَا رَجْعَةٌ لَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يُخْرِجَهَا وَ لَا لَهَا أَنْ تَخْرُجَ حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَا .


9. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Wuhayb ibn Hafs from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about the case of a woman who is divorced and about where she counts her waiting period. He (the Imam) said, ‘She completes it in her home if divorce is in a manner where he has the right to go back to her. He cannot send her out and it is not for her to go out until waiting period is complete.’” It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah from Ali ibn abu Hamzah and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir a similar Hadith.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق والثاني ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/155)



عَنْهُ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ مِثْلَهُ .حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ وُهَيْبِ بْنِ حَفْصٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) فِي الْمُطَلَّقَةِ تَعْتَدُّ فِي بَيْتِهَا وَ تُظْهِرُ لَهُ زِينَتَهَا لَعَلَّ اللَّهَ يُحْدِثُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ أَمْراً .


10. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from Wuhayb ibn Hafs from abu Basir who has said the following: “About the case of a divorced woman, one of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said that she completes her waiting period in her house and she can beautify herself; perhaps Allah brings about something thereafter.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/156)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ قَالَ لَا يَنْبَغِي لِلْمُطَلَّقَةِ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ زَوْجِهَا حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَا بِثَلَاثَةِ قُرُوءٍ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةِ أَشْهُرٍ إِنْ لَمْ تَحِضْ .


11. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad [from Muhammad ibn Khalid] and al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al- Qasim ibn ‘Urwah from al-‘Abbas who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, that it is not proper for a divorced woman to go out without the permission of her husband until waiting period is complete with three Hayd (menses)-free periods or three months if she does not experience Hayd (menses).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/156)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ الْمُطَلَّقَةُ تَحُجُّ فِي عِدَّتِهَا إِنْ طَابَتْ نَفْسُ زَوْجِهَا .


12. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from Muhammad ibn Ziyad from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘A divorced woman can perform al-Hajj if her husband agrees.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/156)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ وَ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ الْمُطَلَّقَةُ تَحُجُّ وَ تَشْهَدُ الْحُقُوقَ .


13. Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan and Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al- Jabbar from Safwan from al-‘Ala’ from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A divorced woman can perform al-Hajj and testify about rights.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/156)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْمُطَلَّقَةُ تَكْتَحِلُ وَ تَخْتَضِبُ وَ تَطَيَّبُ وَ تَلْبَسُ مَا شَاءَتْ مِنَ الثِّيَابِ لِأَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَقُولُ لَعَلَّ اللَّهَ يُحْدِثُ بَعْدَ ذلِكَ أَمْراً لَعَلَّهَا أَنْ تَقَعَ فِي نَفْسِهِ فَيُرَاجِعَهَا .


14. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Khalid from al-Qasim ibn ‘Urwah from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A divorced woman can use kohl, dyes, perfumes and wear whatever she likes because Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, says, . .perhaps Allah may bring about something thereafter.’ Perhaps something happens in his mind and he goes back to her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/157)