25. The Utensils

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أَبَانٍ الْكَلْبِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ نَبِيذٍ قَدْ سَكَنَ غَلَيَانُهُ فَقَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) كُلُّ مُسْكِرٍ حَرَامٌقَالَ وَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الظُّرُوفِ فَقَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) عَنِ الدُّبَّاءِ وَ المُزَفَّتِ وَ زِدْتُمْ أَنْتُمُ الْحَنْتَمَ يَعْنِي الْغَضَارَ وَ الْمُزَفَّتُ يَعْنِي الزِّفْتَ الَّذِي يَكُونُ فِي الزِّقِّ وَ يُصَبُّ فِي الْخَوَابِي لِيَكُونَ أَجْوَدَ لِلْخَمْرِقَالَ وَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْجِرَارِ الْخُضْرِ وَ الرَّصَاصِ فَقَالَ لَا بَأْسَ بِهَا .


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from ‘Umar ibn Aban al-Kalbiy from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about al- Nabidh which has stopped boiling. He (the Imam) said that the Messenger of Allah has said, ’All intoxicating substances are unlawful/ I then asked him (the Imam) about utensils. He (the Imam) has stated this Hadith. ’The Messenger of Allah, O Allah grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to your cause, has prohibited the use of al-Diba ’ (pumpkins) used in fermenting al-Nabidh. Also prohibited for such use is al-Hantam (the pot made of asphalt-coated clay), to which you have added oiled pottery, and al-Ghadar (what is made of palm tree trunks coated with asphalt) in which wine is brewed to make it of better quality.’ I asked him (the Imam) about large green containers and lead. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not unlawful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/279)



أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ جَرَّاحٍ الْمَدَائِنِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ مَنَعَ مِمَّا يُسْكِرُ مِنَ الشَّرَابِ كُلِّهِ وَ مَنَعَ النَّقِيرَ وَ نَبِيذَ الدُّبَّاءِ وَ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) مَا أَسْكَرَ كَثِيرُهُ فَقَلِيلُهُ حَرَامٌ .


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from al-Qasim ibn Sulayman from Jarrah al- Mad’iniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, prohibited all of intoxicating substances. He (the Imam) prohibited the use of containers made of curved palm tree trunks and pumpkins used as containers for fermentation of al-Nabidh. He (the Imam) said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘Whatever is intoxicating in large quantity it is unlawful in small quantity also.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/280)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ خَالِدِ بْنِ جَرِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الرَّبِيعِ الشَّامِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) عَنْ كُلِّ مُسْكِرٍ فَكُلُّ مُسْكِرٍ حَرَامٌ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ فَالظُّرُوفُ الَّتِي يُصْنَعُ فِيهَا مِنْهُ فَقَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) عَنِ الدُّبَّاءِ وَ المُزَفَّتِ وَ الْحَنْتَمِ وَ النَّقِيرِ قُلْتُ وَ مَا ذَاكَ قَالَ الدُّبَّاءُ الْقَرْعُ وَ المُزَفَّتُ الدِّنَانُ وَ الْحَنْتَمُ جِرَارٌ خُضْرٌ وَ النَّقِيرُ خَشَبٌ كَانَتِ الْجَاهِلِيَّةُ يَنْقُرُونَهَا حَتَّى يَصِيرَ لَهَا أَجْوَافٌ يَنْبِذُونَ فِيهَا .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Khalid ibn Jarir from abu al-Rabi’ al-Shamiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, prohibited all intoxicating substances, thus, all intoxicating substances are unlawful for consumption. I then asked about utensils in which such things are made. He (the Imam) said, ‘The Messenger of Allah prohibited the use of pumpkins as pots (used in fermentation of raw material for liquor), al-Danan, casks (a large container coated with asphalt), containers of pottery and palm tree trunks (curved as a container used in fermentation of raw material for intoxicating substances) in the time of ignorance before Islam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/280)