6. Beginning of the Creation of a Human Being and His Turning in His Mother’s Womb

Back to book

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ سَلَّامِ بْنِ الْمُسْتَنِيرِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مُخَلَّقَةٍ وَ غَيْرِ مُخَلَّقَةٍ فَقَالَ الْمُخَلَّقَةُ هُمُ الذَّرُّ الَّذِينَ خَلَقَهُمُ اللَّهُ فِي صُلْبِ آدَمَ ( عليه السلام ) أَخَذَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمِيثَاقَ ثُمَّ أَجْرَاهُمْ فِي أَصْلَابِ الرِّجَالِ وَ أَرْحَامِ النِّسَاءِ وَ هُمُ الَّذِينَ يَخْرُجُونَ إِلَى الدُّنْيَا حَتَّى يُسْأَلُوا عَنِ الْمِيثَاقِوَ أَمَّا قَوْلُهُ وَ غَيْرِ مُخَلَّقَةٍ فَهُمْ كُلُّ نَسَمَةٍ لَمْ يَخْلُقْهُمُ اللَّهُ فِي صُلْبِ آدَمَ ( عليه السلام ) حِينَ خَلَقَ الذَّرَّ وَ أَخَذَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمِيثَاقَ وَ هُمُ النُّطَفُ مِنَ الْعَزْلِ وَ السِّقْطُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُنْفَخَ فِيهِ الرُّوحُ وَ الْحَيَاةُ وَ الْبَقَاءُ .


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from all from al- Hassan ibn Mahbub from Muhammad ibn al-Nu’man from Salam ibn al-Mustanir who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, . . created and not created . . (22:5) He (the Imam) said, ‘Created are those whom Allah created in the back of Adam, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. He made them to promise and make a covenant. Then He allowed them to move through the backs of men and wombs of women. They are the ones who come out in the world so that they are asked about the covenant. His words ‘not created’ refer to every strand or trace that Allah did not create in the back of Adam, ‘Alayhi al-Salam when He created the particles and made them to form the covenant. They were the seeds that were not allowed to take place in the womb or were aborted before the spirit was blown in them as well as life and continued life.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/21)



عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَعْلَمُ ما تَحْمِلُ كُلُّ أُنْثى وَ ما تَغِيضُ الْأَرْحامُ وَ ما تَزْدادُ قَالَ الْغَيْضُ كُلُّ حَمْلٍ دُونَ تِسْعَةِ أَشْهُرٍ وَ مَا تَزْدَادُ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يَزْدَادُ عَلَى تِسْعَةِ أَشْهُرٍ فَكُلَّمَا رَأَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ الدَّمَ الْخَالِصَ فِي حَمْلِهَا فَإِنَّهَا تَزْدَادُ بِعَدَدِ الْأَيَّامِ الَّتِي رَأَتْ فِي حَمْلِهَا مِنَ الدَّمِ .


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘He knows what every female bears and what the wombs decrease (spoil) and what they increase (dispose).’ (13:8) He (the Imam) said, ‘Decrease’ is every pregnancy before nine months and ‘increase’ is what is more than nine months. Whenever a woman experiences pure blood discharge during her pregnancy a similar number of days are increased in the length of her pregnancy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/22)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْجَهْمِ قَالَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) يَقُولُ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) إِنَّ النُّطْفَةَ تَكُونُ فِي الرَّحِمِ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ تَصِيرُ عَلَقَةً أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ تَصِيرُ مُضْغَةً أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً فَإِذَا كَمَلَ أَرْبَعَةُ أَشْهُرٍ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ مَلَكَيْنِ خَلَّاقَيْنِ فَيَقُولَانِ يَا رَبِّ مَا تَخْلُقُ ذَكَراً أَوْ أُنْثَى فَيُؤْمَرَانِ فَيَقُولَانِ يَا رَبِّ شَقِيّاً أَوْ سَعِيداً فَيُؤْمَرَانِ فَيَقُولَانِ يَا رَبِّ مَا أَجَلُهُ وَ مَا رِزْقُهُ وَ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ حَالِهِ وَ عَدَّدَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ أَشْيَاءَ وَ يَكْتُبَانِ الْمِيثَاقَ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ فَإِذَا أَكْمَلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ الْأَجَلَ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ مَلَكاً فَزَجَرَهُ زَجْرَةً فَيَخْرُجُ وَ قَدْ نَسِيَ الْمِيثَاقَفَقَالَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ الْجَهْمِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَ فَيَجُوزُ أَنْ يَدْعُوَ اللَّهَ فَيُحَوِّلَ الْأُنْثَى ذَكَراً وَ الذَّكَرَ أُنْثَى فَقَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَفْعَلُ مَا يَشَاءُ .


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from al-Hassan ibn al-Jahm who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Sperm in the womb after forty days becomes a clot and after forty days thereafter it becomes an embryo. When four months are complete Allah sends two creating angels and they ask, “O Lord, what do You want to create? Do You want to create a male or a female.” They then receive the command. Thereafter they ask, “O Lord, do You want him to be virtuous or a wicked one?” They then receive the command. They ask, “O Lord, how much is the length of his life, how much is his sustenance, everything of his condition and the number of such things?” They write the covenant between his eyes. When the time of pregnancy is complete, Allah sends an angel who scolds him harshly. He comes out but has already forgotten the covenant.’ Al-Hassan ibn al-Jahm has said, that I then asked him (the Imam), ‘Will Allah because of prayer change female to a male and a male into a female?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Allah can do whatever He wants.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/22)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَ النُّطْفَةَ الَّتِي مِمَّا أَخَذَ عَلَيْهَا الْمِيثَاقَ فِي صُلْبِ آدَمَ أَوْ مَا يَبْدُو لَهُ فِيهِ وَ يَجْعَلَهَا فِي الرَّحِمِ حَرَّكَ الرَّجُلَ لِلْجِمَاعِ وَ أَوْحَى إِلَى الرَّحِمِ أَنِ افْتَحِي بَابَكِ حَتَّى يَلِجَ فِيكِ خَلْقِي وَ قَضَائِيَ النَّافِذُ وَ قَدَرِيفَتَفْتَحُ الرَّحِمُ بَابَهَا فَتَصِلُ النُّطْفَةُ إِلَى الرَّحِمِ فَتَرَدَّدُ فِيهِ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ تَصِيرُ عَلَقَةً أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ تَصِيرُ مُضْغَةً أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ تَصِيرُ لَحْماً تَجْرِي فِيهِ عُرُوقٌ مُشْتَبِكَةٌ ثُمَّ يَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ مَلَكَيْنِ خَلَّاقَيْنِ يَخْلُقَانِ فِي الْأَرْحَامِ مَا يَشَاءُ اللَّهُ فَيَقْتَحِمَانِ فِي بَطْنِ الْمَرْأَةِ مِنْ فَمِ الْمَرْأَةِ فَيَصِلَانِ إِلَى الرَّحِمِ وَ فِيهَا الرُّوحُ الْقَدِيمَةُ الْمَنْقُولَةُ فِي أَصْلَابِ الرِّجَالِ وَ أَرْحَامِ النِّسَاءِ فَيَنْفُخَانِ فِيهَا رُوحَ الْحَيَاةِ وَ الْبَقَاءِ وَ يَشُقَّانِ لَهُ السَّمْعَ وَ الْبَصَرَ وَ جَمِيعَ الْجَوَارِحِ وَ جَمِيعَ مَا فِي الْبَطْنِ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِثُمَّ يُوحِي اللَّهُ إِلَى الْمَلَكَيْنِ اكْتُبَا عَلَيْهِ قَضَائِي وَ قَدَرِي وَ نَافِذَ أَمْرِي وَ اشْتَرِطَا لِيَ الْبَدَاءَ فِيمَا تَكْتُبَانِ فَيَقُولَانِ يَا رَبِّ مَا نَكْتُبُ فَيُوحِي اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِمَا أَنِ ارْفَعَا رَءُوسَكُمَا إِلَى رَأْسِ أُمِّهِ فَيَرْفَعَانِ رُءُوسَهُمَا فَإِذَا اللَّوْحُ يَقْرَعُ جَبْهَةَ أُمِّهِ فَيَنْظُرَانِ فِيهِ فَيَجِدَانِ فِي اللَّوْحِ صُورَتَهُ وَ زِينَتَهُ وَ أَجَلَهُ وَ مِيثَاقَهُ شَقِيّاً أَوْ سَعِيداً وَ جَمِيعَ شَأْنِهِقَالَ فَيُمْلِي أَحَدُهُمَا عَلَى صَاحِبِهِ فَيَكْتُبَانِ جَمِيعَ مَا فِي اللَّوْحِ وَ يَشْتَرِطَانِ الْبَدَاءَ فِيمَا يَكْتُبَانِ ثُمَّ يَخْتِمَانِ الْكِتَابَ وَ يَجْعَلَانِهِ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ ثُمَّ يُقِيمَانِهِ قَائِماً فِي بَطْنِ أُمِّهِقَالَ فَرُبَّمَا عَتَا فَانْقَلَبَ وَ لَا يَكُونُ ذَلِكَ إِلَّا فِي كُلِّ عَاتٍ أَوْ مَارِدٍ وَ إِذَا بَلَغَ أَوَانُ خُرُوجِ الْوَلَدِ تَامّاً أَوْ غَيْرَ تَامٍّ أَوْحَى اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِلَى الرَّحِمِ أَنِ افْتَحِي بَابَكِ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ خَلْقِي إِلَى أَرْضِي وَ يَنْفُذَ فِيهِ أَمْرِي فَقَدْ بَلَغَ أَوَانُ خُرُوجِهِ قَالَفَيَفْتَحُ الرَّحِمُ بَابَ الْوَلَدِ فَيَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكاً يُقَالُ لَهُ زَاجِرٌ فَيَزْجُرُهُ زَجْرَةً فَيَفْزَعُ مِنْهَا الْوَلَدُ فَيَنْقَلِبُ فَيَصِيرُ رِجْلَاهُ فَوْقَ رَأْسِهِ وَ رَأْسُهُ فِي أَسْفَلِ الْبَطْنِ لِيُسَهِّلَ اللَّهُ عَلَى الْمَرْأَةِ وَ عَلَى الْوَلَدِ الْخُرُوجَقَالَ فَإِذَا احْتُبِسَ زَجَرَهُ الْمَلَكُ زَجْرَةً أُخْرَى فَيَفْزَعُ مِنْهَا فَيَسْقُطُ الْوَلَدُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ بَاكِياً فَزِعاً مِنَ الزَّجْرَةِ .


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, wants to create the seed which has formed the covenant when taken from the back of Adam or what appears to Him, (due to al-Bada’ ) He places it in the womb and moves the man to go to bed with the woman (his wife). He inspires the womb to open its door so that His creature can enter in it and His authoritative determination and measure. The womb opens its door and the seed reaches the womb, then turns back and forth for forty days, then it becomes a clot, then an embryo in forty days, then a piece of flesh in which veins spread like a net. Then Allah sends two creative angels in the womb who make in the womb as Allah wills. They enter inside the woman through her mouth until they reach her womb. In it (the seed) is the old spirit transferred from the backs of men to the wombs of women, then they blow in it the spirit of life and continued life and carve for him ears, eyes, all of his parts and all the inside by the permission of Allah. Then Allah sends revelation to the two angels that says, ‘Write upon him My authoritative command of determination and measures and stipulate for me a change of plan (al- bada’) in what you write.’ They then ask, ‘What must we write, O Lord?’ Allah then reveals to them to raise their heads to the head of his mother.’ They then raise their heads and find a tablet knocking [informing] from the forehead of his mother. They look at it and find in it his shape, fashion, duration of his life, his covenant of being a virtuous or a wicked one and all of his characteristics.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘One of them dictates, the other writes all that is in the tablet and stipulates the condition of change of plan (al-bada’). They seal the book and place it between his two eyes, then they make him stand up in the belly of his mother.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He perhaps turns insolent and changes and this only happens with insolent and disobedient ones. When it is time for his coming out Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, inspires the womb to open its door so that His creature can come out to His earth so that His command is applied to him; it is time for him to come out.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘The womb then opens the door of the child and Allah sends an angel called a reprimanding one, who reprimands him and it makes him feel shocked. His head turns downward and his feet upward thus Allah makes it easy for the child to come out as well as for the woman.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘When he stops the angel reproaches him again which gives him a shock again. He then falls on the ground crying and upset because of the reproach.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/23)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْخَلْقِ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى لَمَّا خَلَقَ الْخَلْقَ مِنْ طِينٍ أَفَاضَ بِهَا كَإِفَاضَةِ الْقِدَاحِ فَأَخْرَجَ الْمُسْلِمَ فَجَعَلَهُ سَعِيداً وَ جَعَلَ الْكَافِرَ شَقِيّاً فَإِذَا وَقَعَتِ النُّطْفَةُ تَلَقَّتْهَا الْمَلَائِكَةُ فَصَوَّرُوهَا ثُمَّ قَالُوا يَا رَبِّ أَ ذَكَراً أَوْ أُنْثَى فَيَقُولُ الرَّبُّ جَلَّ جَلَالُهُ أَيَّ ذَلِكَ شَاءَ فَيَقُولَانِ تَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَثُمَّ تُوضَعُ فِي بَطْنِهَا فَتَرَدَّدُ تِسْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ فِي كُلِّ عِرْقٍ وَ مَفْصِلٍ وَ مِنْهَا لِلرَّحِمِ ثَلَاثَةُ أَقْفَالٍ قُفْلٌ فِي أَعْلَاهَا مِمَّا يَلِي أَعْلَى الصُّرَّةِ مِنَ الْجَانِبِ الْأَيْمَنِ وَ الْقُفْلُ الْآخَرُ وَسَطَهَا وَ الْقُفْلُ الْآخَرُ أَسْفَلَ مِنَ الرَّحِمِ فَيُوضَعُ بَعْدَ تِسْعَةِ أَيَّامٍ فِي الْقُفْلِ الْأَعْلَى فَيَمْكُثُ فِيهِ ثَلَاثَةَ أَشْهُرٍ فَعِنْدَ ذَلِكَ يُصِيبُ الْمَرْأَةَ خُبْثُ النَّفْسِ وَ التَّهَوُّعُثُمَّ يَنْزِلُ إِلَى الْقُفْلِ الْأَوْسَطِ فَيَمْكُثُ فِيهِ ثَلَاثَةَ أَشْهُرٍ وَ صُرَّةُ الصَّبِيِّ فِيهَا مَجْمَعُ الْعُرُوقِ وَ عُرُوقُ الْمَرْأَةِ كُلُّهَا مِنْهَا يَدْخُلُ طَعَامُهُ وَ شَرَابُهُ مِنْ تِلْكَ الْعُرُوقِثُمَّ يَنْزِلُ إِلَى الْقُفْلِ الْأَسْفَلِ فَيَمْكُثُ فِيهِ ثَلَاثَةَ أَشْهُرٍ فَذَلِكَ تِسْعَةُ أَشْهُرٍ ثُمَّ تُطْلَقُ الْمَرْأَةُ فَكُلَّمَا طُلِقَتْ انْقَطَعَ عِرْقٌ مِنْ صُرَّةِ الصَّبِيِّ فَأَصَابَهَا ذَلِكَ الْوَجَعُ وَ يَدُهُ عَلَى صُرَّتِهِ حَتَّى يَقَعَ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ وَ يَدُهُ مَبْسُوطَةٌ فَيَكُونُ رِزْقُهُ حِينَئِذٍ مِنْ فِيهِ .


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the creation. He (the Imam) said, ‘When Allah, most Blessed, most High, created the creation from clay He poured them as arrows are poured, took out the Muslim ones, made him fortunate and made the unbeliever wicked ones. When the seed falls angels receive it and give it its shape then they ask, ‘O Lord, do You want it to be a male or female? ’ The Lord, most Majestic, most Glorious, then says whatever He wants.’ The two then say, ‘Blessed is Allah the best Creator.’ It then is placed inside her and it moves back and forth for nine days in every vein and joint. Inside from her to the womb there are three locks. One lock is for the upper side parallel to the bellybutton from the right side, the other lock is from the midsection and another lock is lower in the womb. After nine days, it is placed in the upper lock where it remains for three months and at this time, the woman experiences disgust and nausea. Thereafter it comes down to the middle lock and remains there for three months. The bellybutton of the child connects to a group of veins and all of the veins of the woman from which food enters as well as drinks by the way of these groups of veins. Then the child descends down to the third lock where the child remains for another three months and this completes nine months. The woman then undergoes childlabor and with every pain a vein of the veins disconnect from the bellybutton of the child. When pain starts his hand rests on his bellybutton and he falls on the ground with his hands spread and thereafter his sustenance is by the way of his mouth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/26)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ الرَّجُلُ يَدْعُو لِلْحُبْلَى أَنْ يَجْعَلَ اللَّهُ مَا فِي بَطْنِهَا ذَكَراً سَوِيّاً قَالَ يَدْعُو مَا بَيْنَهُ وَ بَيْنَ أَرْبَعَةِ أَشْهُرٍ فَإِنَّهُ أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً نُطْفَةٌ وَ أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً عَلَقَةٌ وَ أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً مُضْغَةٌ فَذَلِكَ تَمَامُ أَرْبَعَةِ أَشْهُرٍ ثُمَّ يَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ مَلَكَيْنِ خَلَّاقَيْنِ فَيَقُولَانِ يَا رَبِّ مَا نَخْلُقُ ذَكَراً أَمْ أُنْثَى شَقِيّاً أَوْ سَعِيداً فَيُقَالُ ذَلِكَ فَيَقُولَانِ يَا رَبِّ مَا رِزْقُهُ وَ مَا أَجَلُهُ وَ مَا مُدَّتُهُ فَيُقَالُ ذَلِكَ وَ مِيثَاقُهُ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ وَ لَا يَزَالُ مُنْتَصِباً فِي بَطْنِ أُمِّهِ حَتَّى إِذَا دَنَا خُرُوجُهُ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكاً فَزَجَرَهُ زَجْرَةً فَيَخْرُجُ وَ يَنْسَى الْمِيثَاقَ .


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il or others who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, can a pregnant woman pray to Allah to make the child inside her a well formed boy?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘She can do so from conception up to the fourth month. Up to forty nights it is sperm, for another forty nights it is a clot and for another forty nights it is an embryo, thereafter Allah sends two creative angles who ask, “O Lord, what must we create, a male or female, fortunate or unfortunate?” Their question is then answered. They then ask, “O Lord, what is his sustenance, when is the time of his death and what is the length of his life?” It all then is told to them and his covenant is between his eyes to which he looks. He still is inside his mother until the time of his coming out draws near. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, sends an angel who drives him out with reproach that sends him into shock and he forgets the covenant?”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/27)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) يَقُولُ إِذَا وَقَعَتِ النُّطْفَةُ فِي الرَّحِمِ اسْتَقَرَّتْ فِيهَا أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً وَ تَكُونُ عَلَقَةً أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً وَ تَكُونُ مُضْغَةً أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ يَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ مَلَكَيْنِ خَلَّاقَيْنِ فَيُقَالُ لَهُمَا اخْلُقَا كَمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ ذَكَراً أَوْ أُنْثَى صَوِّرَاهُ وَ اكْتُبَا أَجَلَهُ وَ رِزْقَهُ وَ مَنِيَّتَهُ وَ شَقِيّاً أَوْ سَعِيداً وَ اكْتُبَا لِلَّهِ الْمِيثَاقَ الَّذِي أَخَذَهُ عَلَيْهِ فِي الذَّرِّ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ فَإِذَا دَنَا خُرُوجُهُ مِنْ بَطْنِ أُمِّهِ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكاً يُقَالُ لَهُ زَاجِرٌ فَيَزْجُرُهُ فَيَفْزَعُ فَزَعاً فَيَنْسَى الْمِيثَاقَ وَ يَقَعُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ يَبْكِي مِنْ زَجْرَةِ الْمَلَكِ .


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah ibn ’ A‘yan who has said the following: “I once heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘When the seed falls in the womb it settles there for forty days, remains as a clot for forty days and as an embryo for another forty days. Allah then sends two creative angels with instruction to create him, as Allah wants it to be. It can be a male or a female. They shape him and write down the duration of his life, the time of his death, that he is a fortunate or unfortunate. The two must write down between his eyes the covenant of Allah, which He has taken from him in the condition of being particles. When the time for his coming out from the belly of his mother draws near; Allah sends an angel called admonisher who admonishes him that sends him into shock. He forgets the covenant and falls on the ground weeping because of the admonition of the angel?”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/27)