10. The Prohibited Waters

Back to book

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مَسْعَدَةَ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) عَنِ الِاسْتِشْفَاءِ بِالْحُمَّيَاتِ وَ هِيَ الْعُيُونُ الْحَارَّةُ الَّتِي تَكُونُ فِي الْجِبَالِ الَّتِي تُوجَدُ فِيهَا رَائِحَةُ الْكِبْرِيتِ وَ قِيلَ إِنَّهَا مِنْ فَيْحِ جَهَنَّمَ .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Harun ibn Muslim from Mas’adah ibn Sadaqah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, prohibited seeking cures from the hot fountains which are in mountains in which the smell of sulfur is found.’ It is said that it is of the smell of hell.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/241)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ نُوحاً ( عليه السلام ) لَمَّا كَانَ فِي أَيَّامِ الطُّوفَانِ دَعَا الْمِيَاهَ كُلَّهَا فَأَجَابَتْهُ إِلَّا مَاءَ الْكِبْرِيتِ وَ الْمَاءَ الْمُرَّ فَلَعَنَهُمَا .


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Nuh, Alayhi al-Salam, in the days of flood called all waters and they all replied except water of the sulfur and bitter water which then he condemned.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/241)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ حَمْدَانَ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ النَّيْسَابُورِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ زَكَرِيَّا وَ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ عَقِيصَا التَّيْمِيِّ قَالَ مَرَرْتُ بِالْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ ( صلوات الله عليهما ) وَ هُمَا فِي الْفُرَاتِ مُسْتَنْقِعَانِ فِي إِزَارَيْنِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُمَا يَا ابْنَيْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمَا أَفْسَدْتُمَا الْإِزَارَيْنِ فَقَالَا لِي يَا أَبَا سَعِيدٍ فَسَادُنَا لِلْإِزَارَيْنِ أَحَبُّ إِلَيْنَا مِنْ فَسَادِ الدِّينِ إِنَّ لِلْمَاءِ أَهْلًا وَ سُكَّاناً كَسُكَّانِ الْأَرْضِثُمَّ قَالَا إِلَى أَيْنَ تُرِيدُ فَقُلْتُ إِلَى هَذَا الْمَاءِ فَقَالَا وَ مَا هَذَا الْمَاءُ فَقُلْتُ أُرِيدُ دَوَاءَهُ أَشْرَبُ مِنْ هَذَا الْمُرِّ لِعِلَّةٍ بِي أَرْجُو أَنْ يَخِفَّ لَهُ الْجَسَدُ وَ يُسْهِلَ الْبَطْنَ فَقَالَا مَا نَحْسَبُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ جَلَّ وَ عَزَّ جَعَلَ فِي شَيْ‏ءٍ قَدْ لَعَنَهُ شِفَاءً قُلْتُ وَ لِمَ ذَاكَ فَقَالَا لِأَنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى لَمَّا آسَفَهُ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ ( عليه السلام ) فَتَحَ السَّمَاءَ بِمَاءٍ مُنْهَمِرٍ وَ أَوْحَى إِلَى الْأَرْضِ فاسْتَعْصَتْ عَلَيْهِ عُيُونٌ مِنْهَا فَلَعَنَهَا وَ جَعَلَهَا مِلْحاً أُجَاجاًوَ فِي رِوَايَةِ حَمْدَانَ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ أَنَّهُمَا ( عليهما السلام ) قَالَا يَا أَبَا سَعِيدٍ تَأْتِي مَاءً يُنْكِرُ وَلَايَتَنَا فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ عَرَضَ وَلَايَتَنَا عَلَى الْمِيَاهِ فَمَا قَبِلَ وَلَايَتَنَا عَذُبَ وَ طَابَ وَ مَا جَحَدَ وَلَايَتَنَا جَعَلَهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مُرّاً أَوْ مِلْحاً أُجَاجاً .


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Hamdan ibn Sulayman al-Naysaburiy from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Zakariya and a number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father all from Muhammad ibn Sinan from abu al- Jarud from abu Sa‘id ‘Aqisa’ al-Tamimiy who has said the following: “I once passed by al-Hassan and al-Husayn, Alayhim al-Salam, who were in soaked wraparound cloths. I then said to them, ‘Grandchildren of the Messenger of Allah, you have ruined your wraparound cloths.’ They said to me, ‘O abu Sa‘id, ruining our wraparound cloths is more preferable to us than ruining the religion. Water has inhabitants like earth.’ They then asked, ‘What do you want?’ I replied, ‘I want to go in this water.’ They asked, ‘What is this water?’ I replied, ‘I need a cure for an illness and I want to drink this bitter one, perhaps the body becomes light and the belly soft.’ They said, ‘We do not think Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has placed cure in a thing which He has condemned.’ I then asked, ‘Why is that so?’ They said, ‘When Allah, most Blessed, most High, was angered with the people of Noah, Alayhi al-Salam, He opened the sky with pouring water and sent revelation to earth, but certain fountains disobeyed and He then condemned them and turned them into salty and bitter ones.’ In the Hadith from Hamdan ibn Sulayman it is said that they said, ‘O abu Sa‘id, you come to something which rejects our divine authority three times a day. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, presents our divine authority before waters and that which accepts it becomes sweet and fine, but what rejects it Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, makes it bitter, salty and burning.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/242)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ كَانَ أَبِي ( عليه السلام ) يَكْرَهُ أَنْ يَتَدَاوَى بِالْمَاءِ الْمُرِّ وَ بِمَاءِ الْكِبْرِيتِ وَ كَانَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ نُوحاً ( عليه السلام ) لَمَّا كَانَ الطُّوفَانُ دَعَا الْمِيَاهَ فَأَجَابَتْهُ كُلُّهَا إِلَّا الْمَاءَ الْمُرَّ وَ مَاءَ الْكِبْرِيتِ فَدَعَا عَلَيْهِمَا وَ لَعَنَهُمَا .


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘My father, Alayhi al-Salam, disliked seeking cures from bitter water and water of sulfur and would say, ‘Noah, Alayhi al-Salam, in the days of the flood called the waters and all of them answered except bitter water and sulfur water, so he prayed against them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/242)