4. Hunting with Weapons

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ بُرَيْدِ بْنِ مُعَاوِيَةَ الْعِجْلِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ كُلْ مِنَ الصَّيْدِ مَا قَتَلَ السَّيْفُ وَ السَّهْمُ وَ الرُّمْحُوَ سُئِلَ عَنْ صَيْدٍ صِيدَ فَتَوَزَّعَهُ الْقَوْمُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَمُوتَ فَقَالَ لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ .


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Tha’labah ibn Maymun from Burayd ibn Mu‘awiyah al-‘Ijliy from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whatever is hunted by swords, arrows and spears are lawful to use for food.’ He (the Imam) was asked about the prey, which is assigned to several people in portions before it dies. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not unlawful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/346)



وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ مَنْ جَرَحَ صَيْداً بِسِلَاحٍ وَ ذَكَرَ اسْمَ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ بَقِيَ لَيْلَةً أَوْ لَيْلَتَيْنِ لَمْ يَأْكُلْ مِنْهُ سَبُعٌ وَ قَدْ عَلِمَ أَنَّ سِلَاحَهُ هُوَ الَّذِي قَتَلَهُ فَيَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ إِنْ شَاءَوَ قَالَ فِي إِيَّلٍ اصْطَادَهُ رَجُلٌ فَتَقَطَّعَهُ النَّاسُ وَ الرَّجُلُ يَتْبَعُهُ أَ فَتَرَاهُ نُهْبَةً فَقَالَ ( عليه السلام ) لَيْسَ بِنُهْبَةٍ وَ لَيْسَ بِهِ بَأْسٌ .


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from Muhammad ibn Qays who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. ‘If one causes injuries to a prey and mentions the name of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, then it remains for one or two nights without being eaten by the beasts; and he knows that his weapon is that which has caused its death, he can use it for food if he wants.’ About a mountain goat hunted by a man but people intercept him and the man follows it; if you consider it a plunder. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not plundering and it is not unlawful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/347)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الرَّمِيَّةِ يَجِدُهَا صَاحِبُهَا فِي الْغَدِ أَ يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ فَقَالَ إِنْ عَلِمَ أَنَّ رَمْيَتَهُ هِيَ الَّتِي قَتَلَتْهُ فَلْيَأْكُلْ مِنْ ذَلِكَ إِذَا كَانَ قَدْ سَمَّى .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz who has said the following: “Once abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about the prey which his owner finds the next day; if he can use it for food. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he knows that it is the prey which he had killed, he can use it for food if he had mentioned the name of Allah.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/347)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ رَمَى حِمَارَ وَحْشٍ أَوْ ظَبْياً فَأَصَابَهُ ثُمَّ كَانَ فِي طَلَبِهِ فَوَجَدَهُ مِنَ الْغَدِ وَ سَهْمُهُ فِيهِ فَقَالَ إِنْ عَلِمَ أَنَّهُ أَصَابَهُ وَ أَنَّ سَهْمَهُ هُوَ الَّذِي قَتَلَهُ فَلْيَأْكُلْ مِنْهُ وَ إِلَّا فَلَا يَأْكُلْ مِنْهُ .


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who shoots a wild donkey or a deer which is shot and he searches for it but finds it the next day with his arrow in it. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he knows that his shot had hit it and the arrow is his arrow which has killed it, he then can use it for food, otherwise, he cannot use it for food.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/347)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عِيسَى الْقُمِّيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَرْمِي سَهْمِي وَ لَا أَدْرِي أَ سَمَّيْتُ أَمْ لَمْ أُسَمِّ فَقَالَ كُلْ لَا بَأْسَ قَالَ قُلْتُ أَرْمِي وَ يَغِيبُ عَنِّي فَأَجِدُ سَهْمِي فِيهِ فَقَالَ كُلْ مَا لَمْ يُؤْكَلْ مِنْهُ وَ إِنْ كَانَ قَدْ أُكِلَ مِنْهُ فَلَا تَأْكُلْ مِنْهُ .


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Isa al- Qummiy who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I shoot my arrow but I am not certain if I mentioned the name of Allah or not.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You can use it for food and it is not unlawful.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if I shoot and the prey disappears, then I find it with my arrow in it. He (the Imam) said, ‘You can use for food if it is not eaten yet, but if something has eaten thereof then do not use it for food.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/347)



أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الصَّيْدِ يَضْرِبُهُ الرَّجُلُ بِالسَّيْفِ أَوْ يَطْعُنُهُ بِالرُّمْحِ أَوْ يَرْمِيهِ بِسَهْمٍ فَقَتَلَهُ وَ قَدْ سَمَّى حِينَ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ كُلْ لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ .


6. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from Safwan from ibn Muskan from al-Fialabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a prey that a man hits with a sword or with a spear or shoots with an arrow and kills, and he has mentioned the name of Allah when shooting. He (the Imam) said, ‘You can use it for food and it is not unlawful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/348)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الرَّمِيَّةِ يَجِدُهَا صَاحِبُهَا أَ يَأْكُلُهَا قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّ رَمْيَتَهُ هِيَ الَّتِي قَتَلَتْهُ فَلْيَأْكُلْ .


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Hisham ibn Salim from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a prey that its owner finds; if he can use it for food. He (the Imam) said, ’If he knows that it is his shot that has killed it, he can use it for food.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/348)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) فِي صَيْدٍ وُجِدَ فِيهِ سَهْمٌ وَ هُوَ مَيِّتٌ لَا يُدْرَى مَنْ قَتَلَهُ قَالَ لَا تَطْعَمْهُ .


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Hamid from Muhammad ibn Qays who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, about a prey that is found dead with an arrow in it and it is not known who has killed it, said, ’Do not use it for food.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/348)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَرْمِي الصَّيْدَ فَيَصْرَعُهُ فَيَبْتَدِرُهُ الْقَوْمُ فَيُقَطِّعُونَهُ فَقَالَ كُلْهُ .


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Muhammad al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who shoots a prey and hits it. People before him come and interrupt him. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can use it for food.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/349)



أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا رَمَيْتَ فَوَجَدْتَهُ وَ لَيْسَ بِهِ أَثَرٌ غَيْرُ السَّهْمِ وَ تَرَى أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَقْتُلْهُ غَيْرُ سَهْمِكَ فَكُلْ غَابَ عَنْكَ أَوْ لَمْ يَغِبْ عَنْكَ .


10. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from Musa ibn Bakr from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you shoot a prey then find it without any other marks except your arrow and you know that nothing other than your arrow has killed it, you can use it for food, regardless, it had disappeared from you or not.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/349)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَرْمِي الصَّيْدَ وَ هُوَ عَلَى الْجَبَلِ فَيَخْرِقُهُ السَّهْمُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِنَ الْجَانِبِ الْآخَرِ قَالَ كُلْهُ قَالَ فَإِنْ وَقَعَ فِي مَاءٍ أَوْ تَدَهْدَهَ مِنَ الْجَبَلِ فَمَاتَ فَلَا تَأْكُلْهُ .


11. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Mahbub from Hisham ibn Salim from Sama‘ah ibn Mehran who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who shoots a prey from the mountain and the arrow pierces through and comes out from the other side. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can use it for food. ‘He (the Imam) said, ‘If it falls in water or rolls down the mountain and dies then do not use it for food.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/349)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ رَجُلٍ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) لَا يُرْمَى الصَّيْدُ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ هُوَ أَكْبَرُ مِنْهُ .


12. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from a man in a marfu ‘ manner who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A prey must not be hit with something bigger than the prey.’” (It is because the cause of death becomes confused with the weight and force of the hunter).


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/349)