41. The Child of Adam is Hollow; thus He must Eat Food

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلَهُ الْأَبْرَشُ الْكَلْبِيُّ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَوْمَ تُبَدَّلُ الْأَرْضُ غَيْرَ الْأَرْضِ قَالَ تُبَدَّلُ خُبْزَةً نَقِيَّةً يَأْكُلُ النَّاسُ مِنْهَا حَتَّى يَفْرُغَ مِنَ الْحِسَابِقَالَ الْأَبْرَشُ فَقُلْتُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ يَوْمَئِذٍ لَفِي شُغُلٍ عَنِ الْأَكْلِ فَقَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) هُمْ فِي النَّارِ لَا يَشْتَغِلُونَ عَنْ أَكْلِ الضَّرِيعِ وَ شُرْبِ الْحَمِيمِ وَ هُمْ فِي الْعَذَابِ فَكَيْفَ يَشْتَغِلُونَ عَنْهُ فِي الْحِسَابِ .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from (from Sulayman ibn Ja‘far) from Hisham ibn Salim from Zurarah who has said the following: “Al-Abrash al-Kalbiy once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the meaning of the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘On the day when the earth will be replaced with another earth.’ (14:48) He (the Imam) said, ‘It means that there will be purified bread for people to eat until Allah will clear the accounts.’ Al-Abrash has said, ‘I then said, “People on that day will already have other things to worry about instead of eating.’” Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘If they in the fire will be eating al-Dari‘ (a terrible kind of food for those in hell) and drinking hot, filthy water in suffering instead of worrying about other things; they can also eat purified bread during the time their accounts are cleared.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/96)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ خَلَقَ ابْنَ آدَمَ أَجْوَفَ .


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has created the child of Adam hollow.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/98)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ التَّيْمِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ صَبِيحٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّمَا بُنِيَ الْجَسَدُ عَلَى الْخُبْزِ .


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ali ibn af-Hassan al-Tamimiy from Ja‘far ibn Muhammad Hakim from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd al- Hamid from af-Wafid ibn Sabih who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The body is made out of bread (food).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/98)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَوْمَ تُبَدَّلُ الْأَرْضُ غَيْرَ الْأَرْضِ قَالَ تُبَدَّلُ خُبْزَةً نَقِيَّةً يَأْكُلُ مِنْهَا النَّاسُ حَتَّى يَفْرُغُوا مِنَ الْحِسَابِفَقَالَ لَهُ قَائِلٌ إِنَّهُمْ لَفِي شُغُلٍ يَوْمَئِذٍ عَنِ الْأَكْلِ وَ الشُّرْبِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ خَلَقَ ابْنَ آدَمَ أَجْوَفَ وَ لَا بُدَّ لَهُ مِنَ الطَّعَامِ وَ الشَّرَابِ أَ هُمْ أَشَدُّ شُغُلًا يَوْمَئِذٍ أَمْ مَنْ فِي النَّارِ فَقَدِ اسْتَغَاثُوا وَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَقُولُ وَ إِنْ يَسْتَغِيثُوا يُغاثُوا بِماءٍ كَالْمُهْلِ يَشْوِي الْوُجُوهَ بِئْسَ الشَّرابُ .


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from al-Qasim ibn al-’Urwah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Bukayr from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the meaning of the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘On the day when the earth will be replaced with another earth.’ (14:48) He (the Imam) said, ‘It will be replaced with purified bread from which people will eat until their accounting is complete.’ Someone then said to him (the Imam), ‘People on that day will already have other things to worry about instead of eating.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has created the child of Adam hollow. He must have food and drink. Will they be more seriously preoccupied on that day or those in hellfire who plead? And Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, says, “If they plead their pleading will be responded with water like al-Muhl that roasts the faces and it is the worst kind of drink.” (18:29)’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/98)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ حِكَايَةً عَنْ مُوسَى ( عليه السلام ) رَبِّ إِنِّي لِما أَنْزَلْتَ إِلَيَّ مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَقِيرٌ فَقَالَ سَأَلَ الطَّعَامَ .


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “About the meaning of the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, quoting Musa, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, ‘My Lord, I am in great need of the good things You have sent to me...’ (27:24) Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He (Moses) asked for food.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/98)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي الْبَخْتَرِيِّ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَنَا فِي الْخُبْزِ وَ لَا تُفَرِّقْ بَيْنَنَا وَ بَيْنَهُ فَلَوْ لَا الْخُبْزُ مَا صُمْنَا وَ لَا صَلَّيْنَا وَ لَا أَدَّيْنَا فَرَائِضَ رَبِّنَا عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ .


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from abu al-Bakhtariy in a marfu‘ manner has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘O Lord, grant us blessings in bread and do not separate it from us. If bread had not been available, we could not fast or perform Salat (prayer) or fulfill any of our obligation toward our Lord, most Majestic, most Glorious.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/99)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ صَبِيحٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّمَا بُنِيَ الْجَسَدُ عَلَى الْخُبْزِ .


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Ibrahim ibn ‘ Abd al-Hamid from al-Walid ibn Sabih who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The body is built on bread only.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/99)