61. The Choices

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ حُكَيْمٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ وَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رِبَاطٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْخِيَارِ فَقَالَ وَ مَا هُوَ وَ مَا ذَاكَ إِنَّمَا ذَاكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ كَانَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله).


1. Muhammad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah has narrated from Mu‘awiyah ibn Hakam from Safwan and Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn Ribat from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about choices. He (the Imam) said, ‘Who is he and what is that; it was something only for the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/229)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَ ابْنِ رِبَاطٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ أَبَاكَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) خَيَّرَ نِسَاءَهُ فَاخْتَرْنَ اللَّهَ وَ رَسُولَهُ فَلَمْ يُمْسِكْهُنَّ عَلَى طَلَاقٍ وَ لَوِ اخْتَرْنَ أَنْفُسَهُنَّ لَبِنَّ فَقَالَ إِنَّ هَذَا حَدِيثٌ كَانَ يَرْوِيهِ أَبِي عَنْ عَائِشَةَ وَ مَا لِلنَّاسِ وَ لِلْخِيَارِ إِنَّمَا هَذَا شَيْ‏ءٌ خَصَّ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ بِهِ رَسُولَهُ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) .


2. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from Muhammad ibn Ziyad and ibn Ribat from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that I once heard your father saying, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, offered his wives the choice and they chose Allah and His Messenger. He did not keep them for divorce. Had they chosen themselves they would become strangers.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘This is a Hadith that my father would narrate from ‘A’ishah. What people have to do with choice! It was something with which Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, specially treated His Messenger.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/229)



حُمَيْدٌ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ رِبَاطٍ عَنْ عِيصِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ خَيَّرَ امْرَأَتَهُ فَاخْتَارَتْ نَفْسَهَا بَانَتْ مِنْهُ قَالَ لَا إِنَّمَا هَذَا شَيْ‏ءٌ كَانَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) خَاصَّةً أُمِرَ بِذَلِكَ فَفَعَلَ وَ لَوِ اخْتَرْنَ أَنْفُسَهُنَّ لَطَلَّقَهُنَّ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ قُلْ لِأَزْواجِكَ إِنْ كُنْتُنَّ تُرِدْنَ الْحَياةَ الدُّنْيا وَ زِينَتَها فَتَعالَيْنَ أُمَتِّعْكُنَّ وَ أُسَرِّحْكُنَّ سَراحاً جَمِيلًا .


3. Humayd has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from ibn Ribat from ‘Es ibn al-Qasim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who gives his wife the choice; if she becomes stranger for him. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, this was something especially for the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause . He (the Messenger of Allah) was commanded to do so and if they were to choose themselves he would divorce them. This is in the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘Say to your wives, “If you want the worldly life and its beauty, then be prepared, so he (the Messenger of Allah) benefits you and allows you to be free with fairness.” (33:28)’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/230)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ مَا تَقُولُ فِي رَجُلٍ جَعَلَ أَمْرَ امْرَأَتِهِ بِيَدِهَا قَالَ فَقَالَ وَلَّى الْأَمْرَ مَنْ لَيْسَ أَهْلَهُ وَ خَالَفَ السُّنَّةَ وَ لَمْ يُجِزِ النِّكَاحَ .


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Harun ibn Muslim from certain persons of our people who have said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who leaves the affairs of his wife in her own hands. He (the Imam) said, ‘He has given the matter in the hands of someone who is not proper for it, thus, he has opposed the Sunnah and has not made marriage permissible.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/230)