48. The Case of a Man who Divorces his Wife and Dies before her Waiting period Ends

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) فِي رَجُلٍ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ طَلَاقاً يَمْلِكُ فِيهِ الرَّجْعَةَ ثُمَّ مَاتَ عَنْهَا قَالَ تَعْتَدُّ بِأَبْعَدِ الْأَجَلَيْنِ أَرْبَعَةِ أَشْهُرٍ وَ عَشْراً .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “This is about the case of a man who divorces his wife in a manner that gives him the right to go back to her, then he dies. One of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘ Abd Allah), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘She must count her waiting period in the form of the longer period of time, which is four months and ten days.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/205)



عَنْهُ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا فِي الْمُطَلَّقَةِ الْبَائِنَةِ إِذَا تُوُفِّيَ عَنْهَا وَ هِيَ فِي عِدَّتِهَا قَالَ تَعْتَدُّ بِأَبْعَدِ الْأَجَلَيْنِ .


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “About the case of a woman divorced irrevocably if her husband dies, he (the Imam), ‘Alayhim al- Salam, has said, ‘She must count her waiting period according to the longer of the two forms of waiting periods.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/206)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَضَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) فِي رَجُلٍ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ ثُمَّ تُوُفِّيَ وَ هِيَ فِي عِدَّتِهَا قَالَ تَرِثُهُ وَ إِنْ تُوُفِّيَتْ وَ هِيَ فِي عِدَّتِهَا فَإِنَّهُ يَرِثُهَا وَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا يَرِثُ مِنْ دِيَةِ صَاحِبِهِ مَا لَمْ يَقْتُلْ أَحَدُهُمَا الْآخَرَوَ زَادَ فِيهِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ وَ تَعْتَدُّ عِدَّةَ الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا .


3. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from Muhammad ibn Ziyad from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. ’Amir al-Mu’minin issued a judgment in the case of a man who divorced his wife; then died; when she counted her waiting period, that said, ‘She inherits his legacy, and if she dies during her waiting period he inherits her legacy, each one inherits from the wergild of the other, if one of them does not kill the other.’” Muhammad ibn abu Hamzah has added, ‘She counts her waiting period for a woman whoes husband has died.’ Al-Hassan ibn Sama‘ah has said that this much is missing from the book of ibn Ziyad and I do not think except that he has narrated it.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/206)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) قَالَ الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا يُنْفَقُ عَلَيْهَا مِنْ مَالِهِ .


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-‘Ala’ from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “About the case of a woman whose husband has died, one of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said that her maintenance must be paid from her husband’s assets.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/206)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي رَجُلٍ كَانَتْ تَحْتَهُ امْرَأَةٌ فَطَلَّقَهَا ثُمَّ مَاتَ عَنْهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَا قَالَ تَعْتَدُّ أَبْعَدَ الْأَجَلَيْنِ عِدَّةَ الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا .


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife and dies before the end of her waiting period. He (the Imam) said, ‘She must count her waiting period according to the longer of the two periods of time.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/206)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ وَ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ أَيُّمَا امْرَأَةٍ طُلِّقَتْ ثُمَّ تُوُفِّيَ عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَا وَ لَمْ تَحْرُمْ عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّهَا تَرِثُهُ ثُمَّ تَعْتَدُّ عِدَّةَ الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا وَ إِنْ تُوُفِّيَتْ وَ هِيَ فِي عِدَّتِهَا وَ لَمْ تَحْرُمْ عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّهُ يَرِثُهَا .


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran and Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from ‘Asem ibn Hamid from Muhammad ibn Qays who has said the following: “I once heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘If a woman is divorced and her husband dies before her waiting period ends, when she has not become stranger to him, she inherits his legacy and must complete a waiting period for a widow. If she dies before the end of her waiting period when she has not become stranger to him, he inherits her legacy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/206)