21. Divorce by an Absent Husband

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ بُكَيْرٍ قَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) أَنِّي سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ الْغَائِبُ يُطَلِّقُ بِالْأَهِلَّةِ وَ الشُّهُورِ .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ‘Udhaynah from Zurarah from ibn Bukayr who has said the following: “I can testify that I heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘A man absent from his wife can divorce her by counting new moons and months.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/135)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْغَائِبُ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَهَا تَرَكَهَا شَهْراً .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-Husayn ibn ‘Uthman from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man who is absent from his wife wants to divorce her, he can do so and he must leave her for one month.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/136)



عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ وَ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْغَائِبُ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَهَا تَرَكَهَا شَهْراً .


3. Ali has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Muhammad ibn abu Hamzah and al-Husayn ibn ‘Uthman from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man who is absent from his wife wants to divorce her, he can do so and he must leave her for one month.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/136)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ جَعْفَرَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَ هُوَ غَائِبٌ فِي بَلْدَةٍ أُخْرَى وَ أَشْهَدَ عَلَى طَلَاقِهَا رَجُلَيْنِ ثُمَّ إِنَّهُ رَاجَعَهَا قَبْلَ انْقِضَاءِ الْعِدَّةِ وَ لَمْ يُشْهِدْ عَلَى الرَّجْعَةِ ثُمَّ إِنَّهُ قَدِمَ عَلَيْهَا بَعْدَ انْقِضَاءِ الْعِدَّةِ وَ قَدْ تَزَوَّجَتْ رَجُلًا فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهَا أَنِّي قَدْ كُنْتُ رَاجَعْتُكِ قَبْلَ انْقِضَاءِ الْعِدَّةِ وَ لَمْ أُشْهِدْقَالَ فَقَالَ لَا سَبِيلَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا لِأَنَّهُ قَدْ أَقَرَّ بِالطَّلَاقِ وَ ادَّعَى الرَّجْعَةَ بِغَيْرِ بَيِّنَةٍ فَلَا سَبِيلَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا وَ لِذَلِكَ يَنْبَغِي لِمَنْ طَلَّقَ أَنْ يُشْهِدَ وَ لِمَنْ رَاجَعَ أَنْ يُشْهِدَ عَلَى الرَّجْعَةِ كَمَا أَشْهَدَ عَلَى الطَّلَاقِ وَ إِنْ كَانَ قَدْ أَدْرَكَهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ تَزَوَّجَ كَانَ خَاطِباً مِنَ الْخُطَّابِ .


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from al-Hassan ibn Salih who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife when he is absent from her. He is in another city and has two men as witness about his divorce; then he goes back to her without witness. After expiration of waiting period he comes and finds out that she has married another man. He sends a message to her informing her about his revoking the divorce before the expiration of waiting period without witnesses. He (the narrator) has said that he (the Imam) said, ‘He has no way to her because he has confirmed divorce and has claimed revocation without witness, thus, he has no way to her. It is proper for one who divorces or revokes divorce to have witness about revocation like divorce. Had he been there before her marriage he could have been one of those who proposes to her for marriage.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/136)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَ هُوَ غَائِبٌ وَ أَشْهَدَ عَلَى طَلَاقِهَا ثُمَّ قَدِمَ فَأَقَامَ مَعَ الْمَرْأَةِ أَشْهُراً لَمْ يُعْلِمْهَا بِطَلَاقِهَا ثُمَّ إِنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ ادَّعَتِ الْحَبَلَ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ قَدْ طَلَّقْتُكِ وَ أَشْهَدْتُ عَلَى طَلَاقِكِ قَالَ يُلْزَمُ الْوَلَدَ وَ لَا يُقْبَلُ قَوْلُهُ .


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ’Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from ibn Muskan from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife when he is absent from her. He arranges witnesses about his divorce; then he comes home and stays with her for months without informing her of divorce and the woman claims to have become pregnant but the man says. ‘I had divorced you in the presence of witnesses. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is responsible for the child and his words are not accepted.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/136)



عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) مَا تَقُولُ فِي رَجُلٍ لَهُ أَرْبَعُ نِسْوَةٍ طَلَّقَ وَاحِدَةً مِنْهُنَّ وَ هُوَ غَائِبٌ عَنْهُنَّ مَتَى يَجُوزُ لَهُ أَنْ يَتَزَوَّجَ قَالَ بَعْدَ تِسْعَةِ أَشْهُرٍ وَ فِيهَا أَجَلَانِ فَسَادُ الْحَيْضِ وَ فَسَادُ الْحَمْلِ .


6. Ali has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has four wives, of whom he divorces one when he is absent from them. When is it permissible for him to marry? He (the Imam) said, ‘He can do so after nine months because there are two appointed times, the irregularity of Hayd (menses) and the irregularity of pregnancy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/137)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُطَلِّقُ امْرَأَتَهُ وَ هُوَ غَائِبٌ قَالَ يَجُوزُ طَلَاقُهُ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ وَ تَعْتَدُّ امْرَأَتُهُ مِنْ يَوْمَ طَلَّقَهَا .


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘ Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife when he is absent from her. He (the Imam) said, ‘His divorce is permissible in all conditions and his wife commences waiting period from the day of divorce. 5 ”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/137)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ مَتَى يُطَلِّقُ الْغَائِبُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ أَوْ رَوَى إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَوْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا مَضَى لَهُ شَهْرٌ .


8. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked Muhammad ibn abu Hamzah about when a man absent from his wife can divorce. He said that Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar narrated to him from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, or abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who said that he can do so after one month.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/138)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ الْأَشْعَرِيِّ قَالَ كَتَبَ بَعْضُ مَوَالِينَا إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّ مَعِيَ امْرَأَةً عَارِفَةً أَحْدَثَ زَوْجُهَا فَهَرَبَ عَنِ الْبِلَادِ فَتَبِعَ الزَّوْجَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْمَرْأَةِ فَقَالَ إِمَّا طَلَّقْتَ وَ إِمَّا رَدَدْتُكَ فَطَلَّقَهَا وَ مَضَى الرَّجُلُ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ فَمَا تَرَى لِلْمَرْأَةِ فَكَتَبَ بِخَطِّهِ تَزَوَّجِي يَرْحَمُكِ اللَّهُ .


9. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Ash‘ariy who has said the following: “A certain one of our Mawali once wrote to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asking, ‘With me there is a woman who is knowledgeable, whose husband created something unpopular and ran away from the land. A certain one of the people of the woman followed him and told him to divorce or that he returns him back. He then divorced and himself went his own way. What is your instruction for the woman ? 5 He (the Imam) wrote in his handwriting, ‘You can marry, may Allah be kind to you. 5 ”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/138)