31. The Black Dye and Woad

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ قَالَ كُنْتُ مَعَ أَبِي عَلْقَمَةَ وَ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ وَ أَبِي حَسَّانَ عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) وَ عَلْقَمَةُ مُخْتَضِبٌ بِالْحِنَّاءِ وَ الْحَارِثُ مُخْتَضِبٌ بِالْوَسِمَةِ وَ أَبُو حَسَّانَ لَا يَخْتَضِبُ فَقَالَ كُلُّ رَجُلٍ مِنْهُمْ مَا تَرَى فِي هَذَا رَحِمَكَ اللَّهُ وَ أَشَارَ إِلَى لِحْيَتِهِ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) مَا أَحْسَنَهُ قَالُوا كَانَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) مُخْتَضِباً بِالْوَسْمَةِ قَالَ نَعَمْ ذَلِكَ حِينَ تَزَوَّجَ الثَّقَفِيَّةَ أَخَذَتْهُ جَوَارِيهَا فَخَضَبْنَهُ .


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from abu Bakr al- Hadramiy who has said the following: “Once abu ‘Alqamah, al-Harith ibn al-Mughirah, abu Hassan and I were with abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and ‘Alqamah had applied hair dye with henna, al-Harith had applied hair dye with woad and abu Hassan would not apply hair dye. Every man pointing to his beard asked him (the Imam), ‘What do you say about it (hair dye), may Allah grant you kindness ? 5 Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, said, ‘It is very good . 5 They asked, ‘Did abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, apply hair dye ? 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, when he married al-Thaqafiyah, her slave-girls applied hair dye to his hairs. 5 ”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/376)



عَنْهُ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْوَسِمَةِ فَقَالَ لَا بَأْسَ بِهَا لِلشَّيْخِ الْكَبِيرِ.


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from ibn Mahbub from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about applying Woad. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful to an old man ."


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/376)



ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) يَمْضَغُ عِلْكاً فَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ نَقَضَتِ الْوَسِمَةُ أَضْرَاسِي فَمَضَغْتُ هَذَا الْعِلْكَ لِأَشُدَّهَا قَالَ وَ كَانَتِ اسْتَرْخَتْ فَشَدَّهَا بِالذَّهَبِ .


3. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once saw abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, chewing gums and he (the Imam) said, ‘O Muhammad, woad has loosened my molar teeth so I chew gums to strengthen them . 5 His teeth had become loose so he tied them with gold.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/376)



أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) نَقَضَتْ أَضْرَاسِيَ الْوَسِمَةُ .


4. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from ibn Faddal from Tha’labah ibn Maymun from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Woad has affected my molar teeth. 5 ”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/377)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ عِدَّةٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ عَمِّهِ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ سَالِمٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قُتِلَ الْحُسَيْنُ ( صلوات الله عليه ) وَ هُوَ مُخْتَضِبٌ بِالْوَسْمَةِ .


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from a number of his people from Ali ibn Asbat from his uncle Ya‘qub ibn Salim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘At the time al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was murdered he had applied hair dye with woad. 5 ”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/377)



عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْخِضَابِ بِالْوَسْمَةِ فَقَالَ لَا بَأْسَ قَدْ قُتِلَ الْحُسَيْنُ ( عليه السلام ) وَ هُوَ مُخْتَضِبٌ بِالْوَسْمَةِ .


6. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from his father from Yunus from abu Bakr al-Hadramiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about applying hair dye with woad. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful. At the time al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was murdered he had applied hair dye with woad. 5 ”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/377)



عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْجَوْهَرِيِّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) يَقُولُ الْخِضَابُ بِالسَّوَادِ أُنْسٌ لِلنِّسَاءِ وَ مَهَابَةٌ لِلْعَدُوِّ .


7. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from his father from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad al-Jawhariy from al-Husayn ibn ‘Umar ibn Yazid from his father who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘Applying black hair dye is entertaining for women and show one’s firmness to the enemy. 5 ”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/377)