58. The Viola Oil

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ الْبَنَفْسَجُ سَيِّدُ أَدْهَانِكُمْ .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn al-Hakam who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Viola oil is the master of your oils.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/429)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي زَيْدٍ الرَّازِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ أَهْدَيْتُ إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) بَغْلَةً فَصَرَعَتِ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتُ بِهَا مَعَهُ فَأَمَّتْهُ فَدَخَلْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ فَأَخْبَرْنَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فَقَالَ أَ فَلَا أَسْعَطْتُمُوهُ بَنَفْسَجاً فَأُسْعِطَ بِالْبَنَفْسَجِ فَبَرَأَ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا عُقْبَةُ إِنَّ الْبَنَفْسَجَ بَارِدٌ فِي الصَّيْفِ حَارٌّ فِي الشِّتَاءِ لَيِّنٌ عَلَى شِيعَتِنَا يَابِسٌ عَلَى عَدُوِّنَا لَوْ يَعْلَمُ النَّاسُ مَا فِي الْبَنَفْسَجِ قَامَتْ أُوقِيَّتُهُ بِدِينَارٍ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ja‘far ibn Muhammad ibn abu Zayd al-Raziy from his father from Salih ibn ‘Uqbah from his father who has said the following: “I once sent a mule as a gift to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, but (on the way) it made the driver to fall off. I then decided to visit him (the Imam) and when we were in al-Madinah, we informed abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about it. He (the Imam) said, ‘You must make him (the driver) to sniff viola. He sniffed viola and recovered. He (the Imam) said, ‘O ‘Uqbah, viola is of cool condition in summer and warm in winter. It is soft to our followers and dry to our enemies. If people had known what is in viola, every Awqiyah (a certain measurement) would cost one dinar.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/429)



أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) مَا يَأْتِينَا مِنْ نَاحِيَتِكُمْ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَحَبُّ إِلَيْنَا مِنَ الْبَنَفْسَجِ .


3. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Yunus ibn Ya‘qub who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said, ‘From your area no other thing comes more likable to us than viola.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/430)



أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ أَسْبَاطِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ بْنِ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ بَيَّاعِ الزُّطِّيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ مَثَلُ الْبَنَفْسَجِ فِي الْأَدْهَانِ مَثَلُنَا فِي النَّاسِ .


4. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from ibn Faddal from Tha’labah from Asbat ibn Salim from Israel ibn abu ‘Usamah Bayya’ al-Zuttiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The likeness of voila oil among oils is like us among other people.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/430)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَسَّانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ فَضْلُ الْبَنَفْسَجِ عَلَى الْأَدْهَانِ كَفَضْلِ الْإِسْلَامِ عَلَى الْأَدْيَانِ نِعْمَ الدُّهْنُ الْبَنَفْسَجُ لَيَذْهَبُ بِالدَّاءِ مِنَ الرَّأْسِ وَ الْعَيْنَيْنِ فَادَّهِنُوا بِهِ .


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu from Ali ibn Hassan from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Kathir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The excellence of viola oil over other oils is like the excellence of Islam over other religions. Viola is very good; it banishes the pain from the head and eyes, so you must apply it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/430)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ حَسَّانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ مِهْزَمٌ فَقَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) ادْعُ لَنَا الْجَارِيَةَ تَجِئْنَا بِدُهْنٍ وَ كُحْلٍ فَدَعَوْتُ بِهَا فَجَاءَتْ بِقَارُورَةِ بَنَفْسَجٍ وَ كَانَ يَوْماً شَدِيدَ الْبَرْدِ فَصَبَّ مِهْزَمٌ فِي رَاحَتِهِ مِنْهَا ثُمَّ قَالَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ هَذَا بَنَفْسَجٌ وَ هَذَا الْبَرْدُ الشَّدِيدُ فَقَالَ وَ مَا بَالُهُ يَا مِهْزَمُ فَقَالَ إِنَّ مُتَطَبِّبِينَا بِالْكُوفَةِ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ الْبَنَفْسَجَ بَارِدٌ فَقَالَ هُوَ بَارِدٌ فِي الصَّيْفِ لَيِّنٌ حَارٌّ فِي الشِّتَاءِ .


6. Ali ibn Hassan has narrated from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Kathir who has said the following: “Once I was with abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when Mehzam came to visit him (the Imam) and abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said to me, ‘Call the slave-girl to bring for us oil.’ I called her, she brought a bottle of viola, and it was a cold day. Mehzam poured a certain amount on his palm, then said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, this is viola and the day is very cold.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘What about it, O Mehzam?’ He replied, ‘Our physicians in al-Kufah think that viola is of cold nature.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is cool in summer and it is soft and warm in winter.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/430)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ جَدِّهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) اسْتَعِطُوا بِالْبَنَفْسَجِ فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) قَالَ لَوْ يَعْلَمُ النَّاسُ مَا فِي الْبَنَفْسَجِ لَحَسَوْهُ حَسْواً .


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Qasim ibn Yahya from his grandfather al-Hassan ibn Rashid from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin has said, ‘You must try to sniff viola; the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, “Had people known about what is in viola they would drink and slurp it.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/430)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُوقَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ دُهْنُ الْبَنَفْسَجِ يَرْزُنُ الدِّمَاغَ .


8. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from Muhammad ibn Sawqah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Viola oil calms down the condition of the brain/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/431)



سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ دَهْنُ الْحَاجِبَيْنِ بِالْبَنَفْسَجِ يَذْهَبُ بِالصُّدَاعِ .


9. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from Ali ibn Asbat in a marfu‘ manner has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Applying viola oil to one’s eyebrows dispels headaches.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/431)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ خَالِدِ بْنِ نَجِيحٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ مَثَلُ الْبَنَفْسَجِ فِي الدُّهْنِ كَمَثَلِ شِيعَتِنَا فِي النَّاسِ .


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Khalid ibn Najih who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The likeness of viola oil among the oils is like our followers among the people.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/431)



أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ جَدِّهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) اكْسِرُوا حَرَّ الْحُمَّى بِالْبَنَفْسَجِ .


11. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Qasim ibn Yahya from his grandfather al-Hassan ibn Rashid from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin has said, ‘Curb the heat of fever with viola oil.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/431)