45. Waiting Period of a Pregnant Widow and Her Expenses

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ قَالَ الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا الْحَامِلُ أَجَلُهَا آخِرُ الْأَجَلَيْنِ إِذَا كَانَتْ حُبْلَى فَتَمَّتْ لَهَا أَرْبَعَةُ أَشْهُرٍ وَ عَشْرٌ وَ لَمْ تَضَعْ فَإِنَّ عِدَّتَهَا إِلَى أَنْ تَضَعَ وَ إِنْ كَانَتْ تَضَعُ حَمْلَهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَتِمَّ لَهَا أَرْبَعَةُ أَشْهُرٍ وَ عَشْرٌ تَعْتَدُّ بَعْدَ مَا تَضَعُ تَمَامَ أَرْبَعَةِ أَشْهُرٍ وَ عَشْرٍ وَ ذَلِكَ أَبْعَدُ الْأَجَلَيْنِ .


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The waiting period for a pregnant widow is the one which ends last. If she is pregnant when four months end but her child is not yet born, then her waiting period ends when the child is born. If she gives birth before the end of four months and ten days, she must wait until the four months and ten days are complete and this is the longer of the two time periods.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/195)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا تَنْقَضِي عِدَّتُهَا آخِرَ الْأَجَلَيْنِ .


2. Ali has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The waiting period of a widow ends with the end of the longer of the two time periods.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/195)



عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي الْحُبْلَى الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا إِنَّهُ لَا نَفَقَةَ لَهَا .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A pregnant widow does not have any right for maintenance.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/195)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ عِدَّةُ الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا آخِرُ الْأَجَلَيْنِ لِأَنَّ عَلَيْهَا أَنْ تُحِدَّ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْهُرٍ وَ عَشْراً وَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهَا فِي الطَّلَاقِ أَنْ تُحِدَّ .


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Musa ibn Bukayr from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The waiting period of a widow ends with the end of one of the two which ends last because she must sit in mourning for four months and ten days, while in divorce there is no mourning.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/196)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَضَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) فِي امْرَأَةٍ تُوُفِّيَ عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا وَ هِيَ حُبْلَى فَوَلَدَتْ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَنْقَضِيَ أَرْبَعَةُ أَشْهُرٍ وَ عَشْرٌ فَتَزَوَّجَتْ فَقَضَى أَنْ يُخَلِّيَ عَنْهَا ثُمَّ لَا يَخْطُبَهَا حَتَّى يَنْقَضِيَ آخِرُ الْأَجَلَيْنِ فَإِنْ شَاءَ أَوْلِيَاءُ الْمَرْأَةِ أَنْكَحُوهَا وَ إِنْ شَاءُوا أَمْسَكُوهَا فَإِنْ أَمْسَكُوهَا رَدُّوا عَلَيْهِ مَالَهُ .


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and a number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Hamid from Muhammad ibn Qays who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin issued a judgment in the case of a pregnant widow who gave birth before the end of four months and ten days and married. The judgment said that she must be left alone and no one must propose to her for marriage until the longer of the two periods of time ends; and thereafter if her family wants they can give her in marriage or keep her, but if they choose to keep her they must return his (one who had married her) assets.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/196)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْحُبْلَى الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا عِدَّتُهَا آخِرُ الْأَجَلَيْنِ .


6. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from Muhammad ibn Ziyad from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Waiting period of a pregnant widow ends with the end of the longer of the two time periods.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/196)



عَنْهُ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) الْمَرْأَةُ الْحُبْلَى الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا تَضَعُ وَ تَزَوَّجُ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَخْلُوَ أَرْبَعَةُ أَشْهُرٍ وَ عَشَرٌ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ زَوْجُهَا الَّذِي تَزَوَّجَهَا دَخَلَ بِهَا فُرِّقَ بَيْنَهُمَا وَ اعْتَدَّتْ مَا بَقِيَ مِنْ عِدَّتِهَا الْأُولَى وَ عِدَّةً أُخْرَى مِنَ الْأَخِيرِ وَ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ دَخَلَ بِهَا فُرِّقَ بَيْنَهُمَا وَ اعْتَدَّتْ مَا بَقِيَ مِنْ عِدَّتِهَا وَ هُوَ خَاطِبٌ مِنَ الْخُطَّابِ .


7. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Safwan ibn Yahya from ibn Muskan from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a pregnant widow who after childbirth marries before the end of four months and ten days. He (the Imam) said, ‘If the new husband has gone to bed with her he must stay away from her and she must complete the remaining time of the first waiting period and another waiting period for the later (separation). If he has not gone to bed with her they must separate from each other and she must complete the remaining of the first waiting period and he is then one of those who may propose for marriage.’ ” It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Ja’far ibn Sama’ah and Ali ibn Khalid al-‘Aquliy from Karram from Muhammad ibn Muslim from abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, a similar Hadith.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/196)



وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ وَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ خَالِدٍ الْعَاقُولِيِّ عَنْ كَرَّامٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) مِثْلَهُ .مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي الْمَرْأَةِ الْحَامِلِ الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا هَلْ لَهَا نَفَقَةٌ قَالَ لَا .


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a pregnant widow if she has the right for maintenance. He (the Imam) said, ’No, she does not have such right.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/196)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُثَنًّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي الْمَرْأَةِ الْحَامِلِ الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا هَلْ لَهَا نَفَقَةٌ قَالَ لَا .وَ رُوِيَ أَيْضاً أَنَّ نَفَقَتَهَا مِنْ مَالِ وَلَدِهَا الَّذِي فِي بَطْنِهَا . رَوَاهُ .


9. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Nasr from Muthanna’ al-Hannat from Zurarah who has said the following: “About the case of a pregnant widow abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that she does not have the right to receive maintenance.’” It is also narrated that her maintenance is from the assets of the child in her womb. [So he has narrated].


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/197)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْمَرْأَةُ الْحُبْلَى الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا يُنْفَقُ عَلَيْهَا مِنْ مَالِ وَلَدِهَا الَّذِي فِي بَطْنِهَا .


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘ from Muhammad ibn al- Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the maintenance of a pregnant widow is paid from the assets of the child in her womb.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/197)