19. Eating and drinking in Gold and Silver Utensils

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الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ سِرْحَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ لَا تَأْكُلْ فِي آنِيَةِ الذَّهَبِ وَ الْفِضَّةِ .


1. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from Dawud ibn Sarhan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Do not eat from the utensils of gold and silver.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/66)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ آنِيَةِ الذَّهَبِ وَ الْفِضَّةِ فَكَرِهَهُمَا فَقُلْتُ قَدْ رَوَى بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا أَنَّهُ كَانَ لِأَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) مِرْآةٌ مُلَبَّسَةٌ فِضَّةً فَقَالَ لَا وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ إِنَّمَا كَانَتْ لَهَا حَلْقَةٌ مِنْ فِضَّةٍ وَ هِيَ عِنْدِيثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ الْعَبَّاسَ حِينَ عُذِرَ عُمِلَ لَهُ قَضِيبٌ مُلَبَّسٌ مِنْ فِضَّةٍ مِنْ نَحْوِ مَا يُعْمَلُ لِلصِّبْيَانِ تَكُونُ فِضَّتُهُ نَحْواً مِنْ عَشَرَةِ دَرَاهِمَ فَأَمَرَ بِهِ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) فَكُسِرَ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘ who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the utensils of gold and silver which he disliked and I then said, ‘It is narrated from certain persons of our people that abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, had a mirror that had a silver covering.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, all praise belongs to Allah. It had only a ring of silver and it is with me.’ He then said, ‘When al- ‘Abbas was circumcised a stick with a silver covering was made for him like things that are made for children. It had about ten dirham of silver and abu al-Hassan, commanded to break it.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/66)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ لَا تَأْكُلْ فِي آنِيَةٍ مِنْ فِضَّةٍ وَ لَا فِي آنِيَةٍ مُفَضَّضَةٍ .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Do not eat from the utensils of silver or that which is silver-coated.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/67)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ نَهَى عَنْ آنِيَةِ الذَّهَبِ وَ الْفِضَّةِ .


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad, from ibn Mahbub from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, prohibited the use of utensils of gold and silver.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/67)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ كَرِهَ الشُّرْبَ فِي الْفِضَّةِ وَ فِي الْقَدَحِ الْمُفَضَّضِ وَ كَذَلِكَ أَنْ يُدَّهَنَ فِي مُدْهُنٍ مُفَضَّضٍ وَ الْمُشْطُ كَذَلِكَ .


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Tha’labah from Burayd who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, disliked drinking from silver and silver-coated utensils as well as silver coated containers of perfumes and combs.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/67)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ السِّنْدِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَبِي الْمِقْدَامِ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَدْ أُتِيَ بِقَدَحٍ مِنْ مَاءٍ فِيهِ ضَبَّةٌ مِنْ فِضَّةٍ فَرَأَيْتُهُ يَنْزِعُهَا بِأَسْنَانِهِ .


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Salih ibn al-Sindiy from Ja‘far ibn Bashir from ‘ Arnr ibn abu Miqdam who has said the following: “I saw abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when a bowl of water was brought to him (the Imam) in which there was a patch of silver, removing it with his teeth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/68)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَسَّانَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ آنِيَةُ الذَّهَبِ وَ الْفِضَّةِ مَتَاعُ الَّذِينَ لَا يُوقِنُونَ .


7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Hassan from Musa ibn Bakr who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Utensils of gold and silver are of the assets of those who do not have certainty (in the laws of Allah).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/68)