55. Divorce by a Speechless Man

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ تَكُونُ عِنْدَهُ الْمَرْأَةُ ثُمَّ يَصْمُتُ فَلَا يَتَكَلَّمُ قَالَ يَكُونُ أَخْرَسَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ فَيُعْلَمُ مِنْهُ بُغْضٌ لِامْرَأَتِهِ وَ كَرَاهَتُهُ لَهَا أَ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَ عَنْهُ وَلِيُّهُ قَالَ لَا وَ لَكِنْ يَكْتُبُ وَ يُشْهِدُ عَلَى ذَلِكَقُلْتُ لَا يَكْتُبُ وَ لَا يَسْمَعُ كَيْفَ يُطَلِّقُهَا فَقَالَ بِالَّذِي يُعْرَفُ مِنْهُ مِنْ فِعَالِهِ مِثْلِ مَا ذَكَرْتَ مِنْ كَرَاهَتِهِ وَ بُغْضِهِ لَهَا .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who is mute, does not speak and has a wife. He (the Imam) asked, ‘Is he speechless?’ I replied, ‘Yes, he is speechless and it is seen that he hates his wife and dislikes her. Is it permissible for his guardian to divorce on his behalf?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, it is not permissible, however, he can write and arrange for witnesses for it.’ I then said. ‘He cannot write or speak, how can he divorce?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It then is done by what is understood from him in the form of his deeds like what you mentioned that he hates and dislikes his wife.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/217)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ السِّنْدِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ طَلَاقِ الْخَرْسَاءِ قَالَ يَلُفُّ قِنَاعَهَا عَلَى رَأْسِهَا وَ يَجْذِبُهُ .


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Salih ibn al-Sindiy from Ja’far ibn Bashir from Aban ibn ‘Uthman who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who is speechless. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must wrap her scarf around her head, then pull it away.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/217)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ طَلَاقُ الْأَخْرَسِ أَنْ يَأْخُذَ مِقْنَعَتَهَا فَيَضَعَهَا عَلَى رَأْسِهَا وَ يَعْتَزِلَهَا .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Divorce by a speechless man can happen by his placing her headscarf on her head and then taking it away from her head.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/217)



عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ فِي رَجُلٍ أَخْرَسَ كَتَبَ فِي الْأَرْضِ بِطَلَاقِ امْرَأَتِهِ قَالَ إِذَا فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ فِي قُبُلِ الطُّهْرِ بِشُهُودٍ وَ فُهِمَ عَنْهُ كَمَا يُفْهَمُ عَنْ مِثْلِهِ وَ يُرِيدُ الطَّلَاقَ جَازَ طَلَاقُهُ عَلَى السُّنَّةِ .


4. Ali has narrated from his father from ’Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from a speechless man who wrote on the ground the divorce for his wife. He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘If he has done so during a Hayd (menses)-free period in the presence of witnesses and it is understood from him as it is understood from people like him who decide to divorce, his divorce is permissible according to Sunnah.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/218)