3. The Manner of Slaughtering and al-Nahr

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) النَّحْرُ فِي اللَّبَّةِ وَ الذَّبْحُ فِي الْحَلْقِ .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’For al-Nahr the cut must be made in the upper part of the chest and in slaughtering the throat must be cut.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/7)



عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ ذَبْحِ الْبَقَرِ فِي الْمَنْحَرِ فَقَالَ لِلْبَقَرِ الذَّبْحُ وَ مَا نُحِرَ فَلَيْسَ بِذَكِيٍّ .


2. Ali has narrated from his father from Safwan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about slaughtering of cows in the upper part of the chest. He (the Imam) said, ‘Cows are slaughtered by cutting the throat; and if it is Nahr (a cut in the upper part of the chest) in the case of cows, it is not lawfully slaughtered.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/8)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي الْحَسَنِ الْأَوَّلِ ( عليه السلام ) إِنَّ أَهْلَ مَكَّةَ لَا يَذْبَحُونَ الْبَقَرَ وَ إِنَّمَا يَنْحَرُونَ فِي اللَّبَّةِ فَمَا تَرَى فِي أَكْلِ لَحْمِهَا قَالَ فَقَالَ ( عليه السلام ) فَذَبَحُوها وَ ما كادُوا يَفْعَلُونَ لَا تَأْكُلْ إِلَّا مَا ذُبِحَ .


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Ali ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Yunus ibn Ya’qub who has said the following: “I once said to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that people of Makkah in the case of cows do Nahr (make a cut in the upper part of the chest); so what do you say about using it for food? He (the Imam) said, ‘They slaughtered it but they almost failed to do so thus, you must not eat unless it is slaughtered and it is not killed by means of Nahr.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/8)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي هَاشِمٍ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حُمْرَانَ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الذَّبْحِ فَقَالَ إِذَا ذَبَحْتَ فَأَرْسِلْ وَ لَا تَكْتِفْ وَ لَا تَقْلِبِ السِّكِّينَ لِتُدْخِلَهَا مِنْ تَحْتِ الْحُلْقُومِ وَ تَقْطَعَهُ إِلَى فَوْقُ وَ الْإِرْسَالُ لِلطَّيْرِ خَاصَّةً فَإِنْ تَرَدَّى فِي جُبٍّ أَوْ وَهْدَةٍ مِنَ الْأَرْضِ فَلَا تَأْكُلْهُ وَ لَا تُطْعِمْهُ فَإِنَّكَ لَا تَدْرِي التَّرَدِّي قَتَلَهُ أَوِ الذَّبْحُوَ إِنْ كَانَ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنَ الْغَنَمِ فَأَمْسِكْ صُوفَهُ أَوْ شَعْرَهُ وَ لَا تُمْسِكَنَّ يَداً وَ لَا رِجْلًا وَ أَمَّا الْبَقَرُ فَاعْقِلْهَا وَ أَطْلِقِ الذَّنَبَ وَ أَمَّا الْبَعِيرُ فَشُدَّ أَخْفَافَهُ إِلَى آبَاطِهِ وَ أَطْلِقْ رِجْلَيْهِ وَ إِنْ أَفْلَتَكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنَ الطَّيْرِ وَ أَنْتَ تُرِيدُ ذَبْحَهُ أَوْ نَدَّ عَلَيْكَ فَارْمِهِ بِسَهْمِكَ فَإِذَا هُوَ سَقَطَ فَذَكِّهِ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الصَّيْدِ .


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from abu Hashim al-Ja’fariy from his father from Humran ibn ’ A‘yan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you slaughter an animal, do not tie down all the legs, do not push the knife under the throat and veins then turn it to cut upward. You must allow the bird to remain loose especially, but if it falls in a well or a hole, then do not use it for food or feed; you do not know if the fall has killed it or slaughtering. If it is a sheep, then hold it by its fur or wool and do not hold its legs. In the case of cows tie down the front legs and leave the tail. In the case of camels tie down its hoofs to its armpit and leave its legs. If a bird turns loose when you want to slaughter it and escapes and flies away, you can shoot it down with your arrow, if it falls down it then is like hunting.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/8)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الذَّبِيحَةِ فَقَالَ ( عليه السلام ) اسْتَقْبِلْ بِذَبِيحَتِكَ الْقِبْلَةَ وَ لَا تَنْخَعْهَا حَتَّى تَمُوتَ وَ لَا تَأْكُلْ مِنْ ذَبِيحَةٍ مَا لَمْ تُذْبَحْ مِنْ مَذْبَحِهَا .


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about slaughtering. He (the Imam) said, ‘You must turn the animal to be slaughtered toward al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah) and do not cut its spinal cord before it dies. You must not use for food what is not properly slaughtered from the proper place.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/9)



أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) لَا تَنْخَعِ الذَّبِيحَةَ حَتَّى تَمُوتَ فَإِذَا مَاتَتْ فَانْخَعْهَا .


6. Abu Ali af-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd af-Jabbar from Safwan from ibn Muskan from Muhammad af-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Do not cut off the spinal cord of the animal you slaughter before it dies; and when it dies, then you can cut off its spinal cord.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/9)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ غِيَاثِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ لَا تَذْبَحِ الشَّاةَ عِنْدَ الشَّاةِ وَ لَا الْجَزُورَ عِنْدَ الْجَزُورِ وَ هُوَ يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ .


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ghiyath ibn Ibrahim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin has said, ‘Do not slaughter a sheep near another sheep or a camel near another camel when it is looking to the one being slaughtered.’ ”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/9)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) إِذَا ذُبِحَتِ الشَّاةُ وَ سُلِخَتْ أَوْ سُلِخَ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنْهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ تَمُوتَ لَمْ يَحِلَّ أَكْلُهَا .


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from in a marfu‘ manner the following: “Abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you slaughter a sheep and remove its skin or a certain part of its skin before it dies, it then is not lawful to use it for food.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/10)