21. Undesirability of Over-Eating

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أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ يَرْفَعُهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) فِي كَلَامٍ لَهُ سَيَكُونُ مِنْ بَعْدِي سَنَةٌ يَأْكُلُ الْمُؤْمِنُ فِي مِعَاءٍ وَاحِدٍ وَ يَأْكُلُ الْكَافِرُ فِي سَبْعَةِ أَمْعَاءٍ .


1. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Muhammad ibn Salim from Ahmad ibn al-Nadr from ‘Amr ibn Shamir in a marfu‘ manner has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, once in one of his speeches said, ‘After me there will come a year when the believing person will eat (an amount needed) for one stomach and the unbelievers will eat (as if needed) for seven stomachs.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/69)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ كَثْرَةُ الْأَكْلِ مَكْرُوهٌ .


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Overeating is undesirable.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/70)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) بِئْسَ الْعَوْنُ عَلَى الدِّينِ قَلْبٌ نَخِيبٌ وَ بَطْنٌ رَغِيبٌ وَ نَعْظٌ شَدِيدٌ .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘The most evil companion for religion is a coward heart, very spacious stomach and intense sexual desire.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/70)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ وُهَيْبِ بْنِ حَفْصٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ لِي يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ إِنَّ الْبَطْنَ لَيَطْغَى مِنْ أَكْلِهِ وَ أَقْرَبُ مَا يَكُونُ الْعَبْدُ مِنَ اللَّهِ جَلَّ وَ عَزَّ إِذَا خَفَّ بَطْنُهُ وَ أَبْغَضُ مَا يَكُونُ الْعَبْدُ إِلَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِذَا امْتَلَأَ بَطْنُهُ .


4. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from Wuhayb ibn Hafs from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to me, ‘O abu Muhammad, the stomach becomes excessive in its eating. A servant is nearest to Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, when his stomach is empty and light. The most hated condition of a servant to Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, is when his stomach is full.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/71)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو ذَرٍّ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) أَطْوَلُكُمْ جُشَاءً فِي الدُّنْيَا أَطْوَلُكُمْ جُوعاً فِي الْآخِرَةِ أَوْ قَالَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ .


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. Abu Dharr, may Allah grant him mercy, has said, that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘The one among you with the longest belching will be hungry for the longest time on the Day of Judgment.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/71)



وَ بِإِسْنَادِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) إِذَا تَجَشَّأْتُمْ فَلَا تَرْفَعُوا جُشَاءَكُمْ .


6. Through the same chain of narrators as that of the previous Hadith the following is narrated: ‘Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘When you belch then do not make it loud.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/71)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى الْيَقْطِينِيِّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ الدِّهْقَانِ عَنْ دُرُسْتَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْأَكْلُ عَلَى الشِّبَعِ يُورِثُ الْبَرَصَ .


7. Through the same chain of narrators as that of the previous Hadith the following is narrated from A number of our people from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa al-Yaqtiniy from ‘Ubayd Allah al-Dihqan from Durust from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Eating on a full stomach can cause leprosy (albinism).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/71)



عَنْهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ كُلُّ دَاءٍ مِنَ التُّخَمَةِ مَا خَلَا الْحُمَّى فَإِنَّهَا تَرِدُ وُرُوداً .


8. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Muhammad ibn Ali from ibn Sinan from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’Every illness is because of overeating except, fever (infection) which enters the body.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/71)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ صَالِحٍ النِّيلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يُبْغِضُ كَثْرَةَ الْأَكْلِ وَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) لَيْسَ لِابْنِ آدَمَ بُدٌّ مِنْ أَكْلَةٍ يُقِيمُ بِهَا صُلْبَهُ فَإِذَا أَكَلَ أَحَدُكُمْ طَعَاماً فَلْيَجْعَلْ ثُلُثَ بَطْنِهِ لِلطَّعَامِ وَ ثُلُثَ بَطْنِهِ لِلشَّرَابِ وَ ثُلُثَ بَطْنِهِ لِلنَّفَسِ وَ لَا تَسَمَّنُوا تَسَمُّنَ الْخَنَازِيرِ لِلذَّبْحِ .


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Sinan from Salih al-Niliy who has said the following: “Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, hates overeating.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Children of Adam must eat to keep their backs straight. When one of you eats keep one-third of your stomach for food one-third for water and one-third for breathing and never become fat like pigs to be slaughtered.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: سكت عنه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/71)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا شَبِعَ الْبَطْنُ طَغَى .


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from certain persons of his people from abu ‘Ubaydah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When the stomach is full it rebels.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/72)



وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) مَا مِنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ أَبْغَضَ إِلَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مِنْ بَطْنٍ مَمْلُوءٍ .


11. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Muhammad ibn Sinan from abu al-Jarud who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Nothing walks as hated in the sight of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, as a full stomach.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/72)