7. Things Inedible in Sheep and other Animals

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ الدِّهْقَانِ عَنْ دُرُسْتَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ حُرِّمَ مِنَ الشَّاةِ سَبْعَةُ أَشْيَاءَ الدَّمُ وَ الْخُصْيَتَانِ وَ الْقَضِيبُ وَ الْمَثَانَةُ وَ الْغُدَدُ وَ الطِّحَالُ وَ الْمَرَارَةُ .


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ‘Ubayd Allah al-Dihqan from Durust from Ibrahim ibn ‘ Abd al-Hamid who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Seven things in sheep are unlawful for food. Of such things is blood, testicles, penis, bladder, glands, spleen and gallbladder.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/45)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى الْوَاسِطِيِّ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ مَرَّ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) بِالْقَصَّابِينَ فَنَهَاهُمْ عَنْ بَيْعِ سَبْعَةِ أَشْيَاءَ مِنَ الشَّاةِ نَهَاهُمْ عَنْ بَيْعِ الدَّمِ وَ الْغُدَدِ وَ آذَانِ الْفُؤَادِ وَ الطِّحَالِ وَ النُّخَاعِ وَ الْخُصَى وَ الْقَضِيبِفَقَالَ لَهُ بَعْضُ الْقَصَّابِينَ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَا الْكَبِدُ وَ الطِّحَالُ إِلَّا سَوَاءٌ فَقَالَ لَهُ كَذَبْتَ يَا لُكَعُ ائْتُونِي بِتَوْرَيْنِ مِنْ مَاءٍ أُنَبِّئْكَ بِخِلَافِ مَا بَيْنَهُمَا فَأُتِيَ بِكَبِدٍ وَ طِحَالٍ وَ تَوْرَيْنِ مِنْ مَاءٍفَقَالَ ( عليه السلام ) شُقُّوا الطِّحَالَ مِنْ وَسَطِهِ وَ شُقُّوا الْكَبِدَ مِنْ وَسَطِهِ ثُمَّ أَمَرَ ( عليه السلام ) فَمُرِسَا فِي الْمَاءِ جَمِيعاً فَابْيَضَّتِ الْكَبِدُ وَ لَمْ يَنْقُصْ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنْهُ وَ لَمْ يَبْيَضَّ الطِّحَالُ وَ خَرَجَ مَا فِيهِ كُلُّهُ وَ صَارَ دَماً كُلُّهُ حَتَّى بَقِيَ جِلْدُ الطِّحَالِ وَ عِرْقُهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ هَذَا خِلَافُ مَا بَيْنَهُمَا هَذَا لَحْمٌ وَ هَذَا دَمٌ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from abu Yahya al-Wasitiy in a marfu‘ manner has the following: “’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once passed by the butchers’ market and prohibited the selling of seven items in a sheep. He (the Imam) prohibited the selling of blood, glands, ears of the heart, the spleen, spinal cord, testicles and penis. Certain one of the butchers said, ‘O ’Amir al-Mu’minin, liver and spleen’ are not different. They are the same thing.’ ‘You suffer from a lack of understanding and what you say is not true’ ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, explained and then asked, ‘Bring two bowls of water. I will show the difference between the liver and spleen.’ Two bowls of water were brought and he (the Imam) said, ‘Cut the middle of the liver and cut the middle of the spleen. He (the Imam) then commanded to rub them in the water. After being rubbed in water the liver turned (a little) white but it remained the same and nothing was reduced thereof. The spleen in this process did not turn white but all of its contents came out and turned into blood, all that was left was its skin and its vein. He (the Imam) said, ‘This is the difference between the two. This is flesh and this is blood.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/46)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ لَا تُؤْكَلُ مِنَ الشَّاةِ عَشَرَةُ أَشْيَاءَ الْفَرْثُ وَ الدَّمُ وَ الطِّحَالُ وَ النُّخَاعُ وَ الْعِلْبَاءُ وَ الْغُدَدُ وَ الْقَضِيبُ وَ الْأُنْثَيَانِ وَ الْحَيَاءُ وَ الْمَرَارَةُ .


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ya’qub ibn Yazid from ibn abu ‘Umayr from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Ten items in a sheep are not edible. Of such items is dung, blood, spleen, spinal cord, al- ‘Ilba ’(thyroid glands), penis, testicles, al-Haya (female genitals) and gallbladder.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/47)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْهُمْ ( عليهم السلام ) قَالَ لَا يُؤْكَلُ مِمَّا يَكُونُ فِي الْإِبِلِ وَ الْبَقَرِ وَ الْغَنَمِ وَ غَيْرِ ذَلِكَ مِمَّا لَحْمُهُ حَلَالٌ الْفَرْجُ بِمَا فِيهِ ظَاهِرُهُ وَ بَاطِنُهُ وَ الْقَضِيبُ وَ الْبَيْضَتَانِ وَ الْمَشِيمَةُ وَ هِيَ مَوْضِعُ الْوَلَدِ وَ الطِّحَالُ لِأَنَّهُ دَمٌ وَ الْغُدَدُ مَعَ الْعُرُوقِ وَ الْمُخُّ وَ الَّذِي يَكُونُ فِي الصُّلْبِ وَ الْمَرَارَةُ وَ الْحَدَقُ وَ الْخَرَزَةُ الَّتِي تَكُونُ فِي الدِّمَاغِ وَ الدَّمُ .


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ’Isma’il ibn Marrar from ‘A’immah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘In the edible animals like camels, cows, sheep and others certain items are not edible. Of such items are genitals, the apparent and unapparent parts, the penis and testicles, the womb which is the place of the development of the young, the spleen because it is blood, the glands with veins and marrow and that which is in the back, the gallbladder, the eyeball, the gland which is situated near the brain, and blood.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/47)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ شَمُّونٍ عَنِ الْأَصَمِّ عَنْ مِسْمَعٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) إِذَا اشْتَرَى أَحَدُكُمْ لَحْماً فَلْيُخْرِجْ مِنْهُ الْغُدَدَ فَإِنَّهُ يُحَرِّكُ عِرْقَ الْجُذَامِ .


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn al-Shammun from al-Asamm from Misma‘ who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If anyone of you buys meat, he must take out the glands because it accelerates the vein of leprosy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/47)



سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا أَنَّهُ كَرِهَ الْكُلْيَتَيْنِ وَ قَالَ إِنَّمَا هُمَا مَجْمَعُ الْبَوْلِ .


6. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from certain persons of our people who have said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, disliked the kidneys and said that they are the collectors of urine.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/47)