66. Disharmony Between Wife and Husband

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ إِنِ امْرَأَةٌ خافَتْ مِنْ بَعْلِها نُشُوزاً أَوْ إِعْراضاً فَقَالَ إِذَا كَانَ كَذَلِكَ فَهَمَّ بِطَلَاقِهَا قَالَتْ لَهُ أَمْسِكْنِي وَ أَدَعَ لَكَ بَعْضَ مَا عَلَيْكَ وَ أُحَلِّلَكَ مِنْ يَوْمِي وَ لَيْلَتِي حَلَّ لَهُ ذَلِكَ وَ لَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا .


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘If a woman is afraid of disharmony from her husband or his disregarding her. . . (4:128) He (the Imam) has stated this Hadith. ‘If he intends to divorce her and she says to him, ‘Keep me; I will leave for you something of what you owe to me and wave my day and night.’ It is lawful for him and it is not a sin on anyone of them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/243)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ إِنِ امْرَأَةٌ خافَتْ مِنْ بَعْلِها نُشُوزاً أَوْ إِعْراضاً فَقَالَ هِيَ الْمَرْأَةُ تَكُونُ عِنْدَ الرَّجُلِ فَيَكْرَهُهَا فَيَقُولُ لَهَا إِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ أُطَلِّقَكِ فَتَقُولُ لَهُ لَا تَفْعَلْ إِنِّي أَكْرَهُ أَنْ تُشْمَتَ بِي وَ لَكِنِ انْظُرْ فِي لَيْلَتِي فَاصْنَعْ بِهَا مَا شِئْتَ وَ مَا كَانَ سِوَى ذَلِكَ مِنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ فَهُوَ لَكَ وَ دَعْنِي عَلَى حَالَتِي فَهُوَ قَوْلُهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى فَلا جُناحَ عَلَيْهِما أَنْ يُصْلِحا بَيْنَهُما صُلْحاً وَ هُوَ هَذَا الصُّلْحُ .


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious. ‘If a woman is afraid of disharmony from her husband or his disregarding her. . . .’ (4:128). He (the Imam) said, ‘She is a woman who is married and he dislikes her and tells her that he wants to divorce her. She then says, ‘Do not do so because I am afraid people will reproach me but I wave for you my turn of night with which you can do what you like, and besides, this if there is anything it is for you to leave me in my condition. This is mentioned in the words of Allah, most Blessed, most High, ‘. . . it is not an offense for both of them to reach a settlement among themselves,’ and it is a reference to that settlement.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/243)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ هَاشِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ إِنِ امْرَأَةٌ خافَتْ مِنْ بَعْلِها نُشُوزاً أَوْ إِعْراضاً قَالَ هَذَا تَكُونُ عِنْدَهُ الْمَرْأَةُ لَا تُعْجِبُهُ فَيُرِيدُ طَلَاقَهَا فَتَقُولُ لَهُ أَمْسِكْنِي وَ لَا تُطَلِّقْنِي وَ أَدَعَ لَكَ مَا عَلَى ظَهْرِكَ وَ أُعْطِيَكَ مِنْ مَالِي وَ أُحَلِّلَكَ مِنْ يَوْمِي وَ لَيْلَتِي فَقَدْ طَابَ ذَلِكَ لَهُ كُلُّهُ .


3. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from al-Husayn ibn Hashim from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘If a woman is afraid of disharmony from her husband or his disregarding her. . . .’ (4:128) He (the Imam) said, ‘This is a man who has a wife whom he does not like. He wants to divorce her, thus, she says to him, “Keep me and do not divorce me. I will leave for you what you owe to me and pay you from my assets, wave in your favor my day and night,” all such offers are acceptable for him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/244)