30. The Dyes

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْجَهْمِ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) وَ قَدِ اخْتَضَبَ بِالسَّوَادِ فَقُلْتُ أَرَاكَ قَدِ اخْتَضَبْتَ بِالسَّوَادِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ فِي الْخِضَابِ أَجْراً وَ الْخِضَابُ وَ التَّهْيِئَةُ مِمَّا يَزِيدُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فِي عِفَّةِ النِّسَاءِ وَ لَقَدْ تَرَكَ النِّسَاءُ الْعِفَّةَ بِتَرْكِ أَزْوَاجِهِنَّ لَهُنَّ التَّهْيِئَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ بَلَغَنَا أَنَّ الْحِنَّاءَ يَزِيدُ فِي الشَّيْبِ قَالَ أَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يَزِيدُ فِي الشَّيْبِ الشَّيْبُ يَزِيدُ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ .


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from al-Hassan ibn al-Jahm who has said the following: “Once I visited abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. He had applied black dye to his hairs. I said to him (the Imam), ‘I see that you have applied black dye to your hairs.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘In applying dye there is reward. Applying dye and to be prepared is of matters by which Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, increases the chastity of women. Women ignore chastity because of their husband’s ignoring preparedness.’ I then said, ‘It is narrated to us that applying henna increases oldness.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘What else can you increase in oldness? Oldness increases every day.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/372)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مِسْكِينِ بْنِ أَبِي الْحَكَمِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) فَنَظَرَ إِلَى الشَّيْبِ فِي لِحْيَتِهِ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) نُورٌ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَنْ شَابَ شَيْبَةً فِي الْإِسْلَامِ كَانَتْ لَهُ نُوراً يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِقَالَ فَخَضَبَ الرَّجُلُ بِالْحِنَّاءِ ثُمَّ جَاءَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) فَلَمَّا رَأَى الْخِضَابَ قَالَ نُورٌ وَ إِسْلَامٌ فَخَضَبَ الرَّجُلُ بِالسَّوَادِ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) نُورٌ وَ إِسْلَامٌ وَ إِيمَانٌ وَ مَحَبَّةٌ إِلَى نِسَائِكُمْ وَ رَهْبَةٌ فِي قُلُوبِ عَدُوِّكُمْ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Miskin ibn abu al-Hakam from a man who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that once a man came to the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. He (the Messenger of Allah) looked at the signs of oldness in his beard. The Holy Prophet said, ‘It is light.’ He (the Messenger of Allah) then said, ‘If one becomes white-headed because of oldness in Islam he will have a light on the Day of Judgment.’ The man applied dye to his hair with henna, then visited the Holy Prophet. On seeing him the Holy Prophet, said, ‘It is light and Islam.’ He then applied black dye to his hairs and the Holy Prophet, said, ‘It is light, Islam, belief and love from your women, and fear in the hearts of your enemies.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/373)



أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مُوسَى الْوَرَّاقِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ دَخَلَ قَوْمٌ عَلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) فَرَأَوْهُ مُخْتَضِباً بِالسَّوَادِ فَسَأَلُوهُ فَقَالَ إِنِّي رَجُلٌ أُحِبُّ النِّسَاءَ وَ أَنَا أَتَصَنَّعُ لَهُنَّ .


3. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-‘Abbas ibn Musa al-Warraq who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that once a group of people visited abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, and they saw him with black dye applied to his hairs. They asked him about it and he (the Imam) said, ‘I am a man who loves women and I pretend before them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/373)



أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جَنَاحٍ عَنْ أَبِي خَالِدٍ الزَّيْدِيِّ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ دَخَلَ قَوْمٌ عَلَى الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ( صلوات الله عليه ) فَرَأَوْهُ مُخْتَضِباً بِالسَّوَادِ فَسَأَلُوهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَمَدَّ يَدَهُ إِلَى لِحْيَتِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) فِي غَزَاةٍ غَزَاهَا أَنْ يَخْتَضِبُوا بِالسَّوَادِ لِيَقْوَوْا بِهِ عَلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ .


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sa‘id ibn Junah from abu Khalid al-Zaydiy from Jabir who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that once a group of people visited al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, and saw black dye applied to his hairs. They asked him (the Imam) about it and he (the Imam) extended his hand to his beard and said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, in an armed expedition commanded them to apply black dye so they can overpower the pagans.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/373)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ حَفْصٍ الْأَعْوَرِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ خِضَابِ اللِّحْيَةِ وَ الرَّأْسِ أَ مِنَ السُّنَّةِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ إِنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( صلوات الله عليه ) لَمْ يَخْتَضِبْ فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا مَنَعَهُ قَوْلُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) إِنَّ هَذِهِ سَتُخْضَبُ مِنْ هَذِهِ .


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar from Hafs ibn al-A‘war who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of coloring the beard and head if it is of Sunnah. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is of the Sunnah .’ I then said, ‘’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, did not use dye.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is because of the words of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, “This will be dyed with this”.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/373)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ فِي الْخِضَابِ ثَلَاثُ خِصَالٍ مَهْيَبَةٌ فِي الْحَرْبِ وَ مَحَبَّةٌ إِلَى النِّسَاءِ وَ يَزِيدُ فِي الْبَاهِ .


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’In al-Khidab (applying hair dye) there are three positive qualities. It shows one’s firmness in war, love of women and increase in sexual desire.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/374)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ خِضَابِ الشَّعْرِ فَقَالَ قَدْ خَضَبَ النَّبِيُّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) وَ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ وَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) بِالْكَتَمِ .


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about applying dye to the hairs. He (the Imam) said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, applied it as well as al-Husayn and abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, with al- Katam (a plant that looks like myrtle and gives out a black dye).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/374)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ خَضَبَ النَّبِيُّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) وَ لَمْ يَمْنَعْ عَلِيّاً ( عليه السلام ) إِلَّا قَوْلُ النَّبِيِّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) تَخْتَضِبُ هَذِهِ مِنْ هَذِهِ وَ قَدْ خَضَبَ الْحُسَيْنُ وَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) .


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Mahbub from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, applied hair dye and ’Amir al-Mu’minin did not apply it because of the words of the Holy Prophet, ‘This will be dyed with this’ . Al-Husayn and abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, applied hair dye.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/374)



أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ الْأَسَدِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ خِضَابِ الشَّعْرِ فَقَالَ خَضَبَ الْحُسَيْنُ وَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ( صلوات الله عليهما ) بِالْحِنَّاءِ وَ الْكَتَمِ .


9. Abu al-‘Abbas has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ja‘far from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Hamid from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from abu Shaybah al-Asadiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Khidab (hair dye). He (the Imam) said, ’Al- Husayn and abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, applied hair dye with henna and al-Katam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/374)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) يَخْتَضِبُ بِالْحِنَّاءِ خِضَاباً قَانِياً .


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from ibn Khalid from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I saw abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, had applied hair dye with henna of red color.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/375)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُذَافِرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) إِيَّاكَ وَ نُصُولَ الْخِضَابِ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ بُؤْسٌ .


11. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from Muhammad ibn ‘Adhafir from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must not allow the hair dye to wear off because it is despair.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/375)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُنْدَارَ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ الْأَحْمَرِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) نَفَقَةُ دِرْهَمٍ فِي الْخِضَابِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ نَفَقَةِ دِرْهَمٍ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ إِنَّ فِيهِ أَرْبَعَ عَشْرَةَ خَصْلَةً يَطْرُدُ الرِّيحَ مِنَ الْأُذُنَيْنِ وَ يَجْلُو الْغِشَاءَ عَنِ الْبَصَرِ وَ يُلَيِّنُ الْخَيَاشِيمَ وَ يُطَيِّبُ النَّكْهَةَ وَ يَشُدُّ اللِّثَةَ وَ يَذْهَبُ بِالْغَشَيَانِ وَ يُقِلُّ وَسْوَسَةَ الشَّيْطَانِ وَ تَفْرَحُ بِهِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَ يَسْتَبْشِرُ بِهِ الْمُؤْمِنُ وَ يَغِيظُ بِهِ الْكَافِرُ وَ هُوَ زِينَةٌ وَ هُوَ طِيبٌ وَ بَرَاءَةٌ فِي قَبْرِهِ وَ يَسْتَحْيِي مِنْهُ مُنْكَرٌ وَ نَكِيرٌ .


12. Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Bandar and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan have narrated from Ibrahim ibn Ishaq al-Ahmar from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Mehran from his father in a marfu‘ manner has said the following: “The Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘Spending one dirham on hair dye is better than spending one dirham in the way of Allah. There are fourteen advantages in it. It dispels air from the ears, brightens gloominess from the eyes, softens the nose ducts, sweetens the fragrance, strengthens the gums, clears fainting and reduces temptation of Satan. It gives happiness to angels, gives good news to believers, disappoints the unbelievers, it is beautification, it is a perfume and freedom in one’s grave because of which Mukar and Nakir (the two angels in one’s grave) shy away.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/375)