3. People Do not Remain Straight in Matters of Divorce without the Sword

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حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ حُذَيْفَةَ عَنْ مَعْمَرِ بْنِ عَطَاءِ بْنِ وَشِيكَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) يَقُولُ لَا يَصْلُحُ النَّاسُ فِي الطَّلَاقِ إِلَّا بِالسَّيْفِ وَ لَوْ وَلِيتُهُمْ لَرَدَدْتُهُمْ فِيهِ إِلَى كِتَابِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ .


1. Humayd ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Hudhayfah, from Mu’ammar ibn (‘Ata’ ibn) Washik who has said the following: “I once heard abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘People do not behave properly in matters of divorce without the sword. If you govern them, you can return them to the book of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.’ He (the narrator) has said that al-Mithamiy from Muhammad ibn abu Hamzah from his narrators narrated guessing that this Hadith is from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam .’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/97)



قَالَ وَ حَدَّثَنِي بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ الْمِيثَمِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ بَعْضِ رِجَالِهِ أَوْهَمَهُ الْمِيثَمِيُّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ).وَ عَنْهُ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْمَغْرَاءِ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ لَوْ وَلِيتُ النَّاسَ لَأَعْلَمْتُهُمْ كَيْفَ يَنْبَغِي لَهُمْ أَنْ يُطَلِّقُوا ثُمَّ لَمْ أُوتَ بِرَجُلٍ قَدْ خَالَفَ إِلَّا وَ أَوْجَعْتُ ظَهْرَهُ وَ مَنْ طَلَّقَ عَلَى غَيْرِ السُّنَّةِ رُدَّ إِلَى كِتَابِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ إِنْ رَغِمَ أَنْفُهُ .


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah from abu al-Mighra’, from Sama‘ah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Were I to govern the people I would teach them how to divorce, thereafter I would make the back of the violators painful. Those who divorce against the Sunnah must be returned to the book of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, despite their opposing.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/97)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ مَعْمَرِ بْنِ عَطَاءِ بْنِ وَشِيكَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) يَقُولُ لَا يَصْلُحُ النَّاسُ فِي الطَّلَاقِ إِلَّا بِالسَّيْفِ وَ لَوْ وَلِيتُهُمْ لَرَدَدْتُهُمْ إِلَى كِتَابِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ .


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from ‘Umar ibn Mu’ammar ibn’Ata’ ibn Washik who has said the following: “I once heard abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘In matters of divorce people do not behave properly without the sword. Had I been governing them I would return them to the book of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/97)



قَالَ أَحْمَدُ وَ ذَكَرَ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنِ الْعَبْدِ الصَّالِحِ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ قَالَ لَوْ وَلِيتُ أَمْرَ النَّاسِ لَعَلَّمْتُهُمُ الطَّلَاقَ ثُمَّ لَمْ أُوتَ بِأَحَدٍ خَالَفَ إِلَّا أَوْجَعْتُهُ ضَرْباً .


4. Ahmad has said that certain persons of our people have narrated from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from the virtuous servant (of Allah) has said the following: “Had I been governing people I would teach them how to finalize a divorce case and thereafter make the violators to suffer pain.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/98)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) يَقُولُ وَ اللَّهِ لَوْ مَلَكْتُ مِنْ أَمْرِ النَّاسِ شَيْئاً لَأَقَمْتُهُمْ بِالسَّيْفِ وَ السَّوْطِ حَتَّى يُطَلِّقُوا لِلْعِدَّةِ كَمَا أَمَرَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ .


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from certain persons of our people from Aban from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘Had the affairs of people been in my hands I would straighten them with the sword and whip until they divorced with waiting period as Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has commanded.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/98)