13. Arranging Witness for Revocation of Divorce

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي الَّذِي يُرَاجِعُ وَ لَمْ يُشْهِدْ قَالَ يُشْهِدُ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ وَ لَا أَرَى بِالَّذِي صَنَعَ بَأْساً .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “About the case of a man who goes back to his wife without witness, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, has said, ‘I like if he arranged for witness; however, what he has done is not unlawful.’ ”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/123)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ يُشْهِدُ رَجُلَيْنِ إِذَا طَلَّقَ وَ إِذَا رَجَعَ فَإِنْ جَهِلَ فَغَشِيَهَا فَلْيُشْهِدِ الْآنَ عَلَى مَا صَنَعَ وَ هِيَ امْرَأَتُهُ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَمْ يُشْهِدْ حِينَ طَلَّقَ فَلَيْسَ طَلَاقُهُ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Musa ibn Bakr from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. ‘Divorce must take place in the presence of two men as well as one’s going back to his divorced wife. If he is ignorant (of the need for witness) and goes to bed with his wife, he must also appoint witness for what has happened; she still is his wife. If he had not done (pronounced divorce) in the presence of witnesses, his divorce as such does not have any valid effect.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/123)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ الطَّلَاقَ لَا يَكُونُ بِغَيْرِ شُهُودٍ وَ إِنَّ الرَّجْعَةَ بِغَيْرِ شُهُودٍ رَجْعَةٌ وَ لَكِنْ لَيُشْهِدُ بَعْدُ فَهُوَ أَفْضَلُ .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ‘Udhaynah from Zurarah and Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Divorce does not take place without witnesses, however, going back to one’s wife without witnesses is lawful but having witnesses for it is better.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/123)



الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَاحِدَةً ثُمَّ رَاجَعَهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَا وَ لَمْ يُشْهِدْ عَلَى رَجْعَتِهَا قَالَ هِيَ امْرَأَتُهُ مَا لَمْ تَنْقَضِ عِدَّتُهَا وَ قَدْ كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لَهُ أَنْ يُشْهِدَ عَلَى رَجْعَتِهَا فَإِنْ جَهِلَ ذَلِكَ فَلْيُشْهِدْ حِينَ عَلِمَ وَ لَا أَرَى بِالَّذِي صَنَعَ بَأْساً وَ إِنَّ كَثِيراً مِنَ النَّاسِ لَوْ أَرَادُوا الْبَيِّنَةَ عَلَى نِكَاحِهِمُ الْيَوْمَ لَمْ يَجِدُوا أَحَداً يُثْبِتُ الشَّهَادَةَ عَلَى مَا كَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمَا وَ لَا أَرَى بِالَّذِي صَنَعَ بَأْساً وَ إِنْ يُشْهِدْ فَهُوَ أَحْسَنُ .


4. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from certain persons of his people from Aban from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “About the case of a man who divorces his wife, abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Although it is proper to arrange for witness about one’s going back to one’s wife before the expiration of waiting period, but if one is ignorant one should arrange for witness when he comes to know. However, I do not see any harm in what he has done. Many people, when in need of witnesses, at the time of marriage do not find witnesses for what has happened about their affair. I do not see anything harmful in it but if one finds witness it is better.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/123)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَاحِدَةً قَالَ هُوَ أَمْلَكُ بِرَجْعَتِهَا مَا لَمْ تَنْقَضِ الْعِدَّةُ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ لَمْ يُشْهِدْ عَلَى رَجْعَتِهَا قَالَ فَلْيُشْهِدْ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ غَفَلَ عَنْ ذَلِكَ قَالَ فَلْيُشْهِدْ حِينَ يَذْكُرُ وَ إِنَّمَا جُعِلَ الشُّهُودُ لِمَكَانِ الْمِيرَاثِ .


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-‘Ala’ from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife once. He (the Imam) said, ‘He has the authority to go back to her before the expiration of waiting period.’ I then asked about if he does not arrange witnesses to his going back. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must do so.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if he is not attentive to it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He must find witness when he remembers; witness is because of inheritance.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/124)