14. The Rat that Dies in Food or Drinks

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا وَقَعَتِ الْفَأْرَةُ فِي السَّمْنِ فَمَاتَتْ فِيهِ فَإِنْ كَانَ جَامِداً فَأَلْقِهَا وَ مَا يَلِيهَا وَ كُلْ مَا بَقِيَ وَ إِنْ كَانَ ذَائِباً فَلَا تَأْكُلْهُ وَ اسْتَصْبِحْ بِهِ وَ الزَّيْتُ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ‘Udhaynah from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. ‘If a rat falls in ghee and dies in it, if it is solid, it (the rat) then must be thrown away as well as whatever has come in contact with it. If it is fluid you must not use it for food but you can use it for lighting during the night and so also is the case about oil.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/57)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ جُرَذٌ مَاتَ فِي سَمْنٍ أَوْ زَيْتٍ أَوْ عَسَلٍ فَقَالَ ( عليه السلام ) أَمَّا السَّمْنُ وَ الْعَسَلُ فَيُؤْخَذُ الْجُرَذُ وَ مَا حَوْلَهُ وَ الزَّيْتُ يُسْتَصْبَحُ بِهِ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Mu‘awiyah ibn Wahab who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the mouse that dies in ghee or oil or honey. He (the Imam) said, ‘In the case of ghee and honey the mouse and whatever has come in contact with it can be taken out; but oil can be used only for lighting during the night.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/58)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) سُئِلَ عَنْ قِدْرٍ طُبِخَتْ فَإِذَا فِي الْقِدْرِ فَأْرَةٌ قَالَ يُهَرَاقُ مَرَقُهَا وَ يُغْسَلُ اللَّحْمُ وَ يُؤْكَلُ .


3. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from Sa‘id al-A’raj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about rat or dog that falls in ghee and oil, then it is taken out alive. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not unlawful to use it for food.’” (In al-Tahdhib by Shaykh there is no mention of dog. It perhaps is a mistake by scribes).


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/58)