39. Benefits for a Divorced Woman

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي الرَّجُلِ يُطَلِّقُ امْرَأَتَهُ أَ يُمَتِّعُهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ أَ مَا يُحِبُّ أَنْ يَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ أَ مَا يُحِبُّ أَنْ يَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hafs ibn af-Bakhtariy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife; if he can benefit her. He (the Imam) said, ’Yes, does he not want to be of the people of good deeds, does he not want to be of the pious people?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/177)



علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، وعدة من أصحابنا، عن سهل بن زياد، عن البزنطي قال: ذكر بعض أصحابنا أن متعة المطلقة فريضة.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and a number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Bazantiy who has said the following: “Certain persons of our people have mentioned that benefiting a divorced woman is obligatory.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن موقوف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/178)



أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ الْبَزَنْطِيُّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ لِلْمُطَلَّقاتِ مَتاعٌ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ حَقًّا عَلَى الْمُتَّقِينَ قَالَ مَتَاعُهَا بَعْدَ مَا تَنْقَضِي عِدَّتُهَا عَلَى الْمُوسِعِ قَدَرُهُ وَ عَلَى الْمُقْتِرِ قَدَرُهُ وَ كَيْفَ لَا يُمَتِّعُهَا وَ هِيَ فِي عِدَّتِهَا تَرْجُوهُ وَ يَرْجُوهَا وَ يُحْدِثُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ بَيْنَهُمَا مَا يَشَاءُوَ قَالَ إِذَا كَانَ الرَّجُلُ مُوَسَّعاً عَلَيْهِ مَتَّعَ امْرَأَتَهُ بِالْعَبْدِ وَ الْأَمَةِ وَ الْمُقْتِرُ يُمَتِّعُ بِالْحِنْطَةِ وَ الشَّعِيرِ وَ الزَّبِيبِ وَ الثَّوْبِ وَ الدَّرَاهِمِ وَ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ ( عليه السلام ) مَتَّعَ امْرَأَةً لَهُ بِأَمَةٍ وَ لَمْ يُطَلِّقِ امْرَأَةً إِلَّا مَتَّعَهَا .


3. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr has narrated from al-Bazantiy from ‘Abd al-Karim from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “About the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘. . . divorced women have rights on the pious ones,’ (2:241) abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is benefiting her after her waiting period ends. An affluent man or one who is not affluent, each must benefit according to their abilities. During the waiting period, however, why he should not benefit her when she is in her waiting period and hopes for him as well as he hopes for her that Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, as He wills, may make something happen for them?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If a man is affluent he benefits his wife with servants and a not-so-affluent one benefits with wheat [and barley], raisins, clothes and dirham. Al-Hassan, ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, benefited his wife with a slave-girl. He, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, benefited all the women that he divorced.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/178)



حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ لِلْمُطَلَّقاتِ مَتاعٌ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ حَقًّا عَلَى الْمُتَّقِينَ قَالَ مَتَاعُهَا بَعْدَ مَا تَنْقَضِي عِدَّتُهَا عَلَى الْمُوسِعِ قَدَرُهُ وَ عَلَى الْمُقْتِرِ قَدَرُهُقَالَ كَيْفَ يُمَتِّعُهَا فِي عِدَّتِهَا وَ هِيَ تَرْجُوهُ وَ يَرْجُوهَا وَ يُحْدِثُ اللَّهُ مَا يَشَاءُ أَمَا إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ الْمُوسِعَ يُمَتِّعُ الْمَرْأَةَ بِالْعَبْدِ وَ الْأَمَةِ وَ يُمَتِّعُ الْفَقِيرُ بِالْحِنْطَةِ [بِالتَّمْرِ] وَ الزَّبِيبِ وَ الثَّوْبِ وَ الدَّرَاهِمِ وَ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ ( عليه السلام ) مَتَّعَ امْرَأَةً طَلَّقَهَا بِأَمَةٍ وَ لَمْ يَكُنْ يُطَلِّقُ امْرَأَةً إِلَّا مَتَّعَهَا .حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) مِثْلَهُ إِلَّا أَنَّهُ قَالَ وَ كَانَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ ( عليه السلام ) يُمَتِّعُ نِسَاءَهُ بِالْأَمَةِ .


4. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from Sama‘ah from Muhammad ibn Ziyad from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah all abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has said the following: “About the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘. . . divorced women must be benefited with fairness; it is a right on the pious ones’, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. ‘It is after the end of waiting period, and about, ‘an affluent man and one not-so-affluent each according to their abilities’, he (the Imam) said, ‘Why should he not benefit her during her waiting period when she hopes and he hopes that Allah by His will may make something good to happen for them? An affluent man must benefits his woman with servant and one not affluent, benefit with wheat, (dates), raisins, clothes and dirham. Al-Hassan ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, benefited the woman he divorced with a slave-girl. He (the Imam) benefited all the women he divorced.’” Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sanaa ‘ah from Muhammad ibn Ziyad from Mu’awiyah ibn ‘Ammar from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, a similar Hadith except that he has said, ‘Al-Hassan ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would benefit his women with slave-girls.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/178)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) أَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ لِلْمُطَلَّقاتِ مَتاعٌ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ حَقًّا عَلَى الْمُتَّقِينَ مَا أَدْنَى ذَلِكَ الْمَتَاعِ إِذَا كَانَ مُعْسِراً لَا يَجِدُ قَالَ خِمَارٌ أَوْ شِبْهُهُ .


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Nasr from ‘Abd al-Karim from abu Nasr who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘. . . divorced women must be benefited with fairness. It is a right on the pious ones,’ and about what is the minimum of such benefits if one is not affluent. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is a scarf or similar things.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/179)