15. Al-Khuttaf the Bird of Black Color, a kind of Crow

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُنْدَارَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ رَفَعَهُ إِلَى دَاوُدَ الرَّقِّيِّ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ قَالَ بَيْنَا نَحْنُ قُعُودٌ عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) إِذْ مَرَّ رَجُلٌ بِيَدِهِ خُطَّافٌ مَذْبُوحٌ فَوَثَبَ إِلَيْهِ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) حَتَّى أَخَذَهُ مِنْ يَدِهِ ثُمَّ دَحَا بِهِ الْأَرْضَ فَقَالَ ( عليه السلام ) أَ عَالِمُكُمْ أَمَرَكُمْ بِهَذَا أَمْ فَقِيهُكُمْ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبِي عَنْ جَدِّي أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) نَهَى عَنْ قَتْلِ السِّتَّةِ مِنْهَا الْخُطَّافُوَ قَالَ إِنَّ دَوَرَانَهُ فِي السَّمَاءِ أَسَفاً لِمَا فُعِلَ بِأَهْلِ بَيْتِ مُحَمَّدٍ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) وَ تَسْبِيحَهُ قِرَاءَةُ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعالَمِينَ أَ لَا تَرَوْنَهُ يَقُولُ وَ لَا الضَّالِّينَ .


1. Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Bandar has narrated from Ibrahim ibn Ishaq from Ali ibn Muhammad in a marfu ‘ manner from Dawud al- Riqqiy or others who has said the following: “As we were sitting with abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, a man passed by with a slaughtered khuttaf in his hand. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, quickly got up, took it from his hand and threw it away saying, ’Has your scholar or your faqih commanded you to kill it? My father narrated to me from my grandfather that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, prohibited killing of six things of which one is al- khuttaf. Its roaming in the sky is in regret for what is done to the family of Muhammad, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and its reading Tasbih (Allah is free of all defects) is its reciting, “All praise belongs to Allah, Cherisher of the worlds.” Have you not noticed that it says, “Waladdallin (and who are not straying)?” (the last word in Chapter 1 of the Quran)’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/369)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْجَامُورَانِيِّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يُوسُفَ التَّمِيمِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) اسْتَوْصُوا بِالصِّنِينَاتِ خَيْراً يَعْنِي الْخُطَّافَ فَإِنَّهُنَّ آنَسُ طَيْرِ النَّاسِ بِالنَّاسِثُمَّ قَالَ وَ تَدْرُونَ مَا تَقُولُ الصِّنِينَةُ إِذَا مَرَّتْ وَ تَرَنَّمَتْ تَقُولُ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعالَمِينَ حَتَّى قَرَأَ أُمَّ الْكِتَابِ فَإِذَا كَانَ آخِرُ تَرَنُّمِهَا قَالَتْ وَ لَا الضَّالِّينَ مَدَّ بِهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) صَوْتَهُ وَ لَا الضَّالِّينَ .


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah all from al-Jamuraniy from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn abu Hamzah from Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Tamimiy from Muhammad ibn Ja‘far from his father who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, recommended to be good to al-Sininat (the crows). They among the birds are the ones that feel comfortable with people and he (the Messenger of Allah) then said, ‘Do you know what al-Sininah says when it passes by or sings? It says, “In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful, All praise belongs to Allah, Cherisher of the worlds . . .” until it reads ’Umm al-Kitab (the first chapter of al-Quran) and in the end it sings, “Waladdallin”. ’ He (the Messenger of Allah) prolonged his voice saying, ‘waladdallin ’ .”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/370)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ قَتْلِ الْخُطَّافِ أَوْ إِيذَائِهِنَّ فِي الْحَرَمِ فَقَالَ لَا يُقْتَلْنَ فَإِنِّي كُنْتُ مَعَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) فَرَآنِي وَ أَنَا أُوذِيهِنَّ فَقَالَ لِي يَا بُنَيَّ لَا تَقْتُلْهُنَّ وَ لَا تُؤْذِهِنَّ فَإِنَّهُنَّ لَا يُؤْذِينَ شَيْئاً .


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about killing crows and disquieting them in al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘You must not kill them. I was with Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and he saw me troubling them. He (the Imam) said to me, ‘Do not kill them or trouble them; they do not trouble anything.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/370)