18. Eating Clay

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى الْوَاسِطِيِّ عَنْ رَجُلٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) الطِّينُ حَرَامٌ كُلُّهُ كَلَحْمِ الْخِنْزِيرِ وَ مَنْ أَكَلَهُ ثُمَّ مَاتَ فِيهِ لَمْ أُصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ إِلَّا طِينَ الْقَبْرِ فَإِنَّ فِيهِ شِفَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ وَ مَنْ أَكَلَهُ لِشَهْوَةٍ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ فِيهِ شِفَاءٌ .


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from abu Yahya al-Wasitiy from a man who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’Eating clay is unlawful in its entirety, like the flesh of pork. If one eats it and dies, I will not perform Salat (prayer) for him except the clay from the grave (of al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam ) in which there is cure for all kinds of illnesses but if one eats it because of strong desire, then there is no cure in it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/63)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ أَكْلُ الطِّينِ يُورِثُ النِّفَاقَ .


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Talhah ibn Zayd who has said the following: “Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’Eating clay is of the sources of hypocrisy.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/64)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مِهْزَمٍ عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) إِنَّ عَلِيّاً ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ مَنِ انْهَمَكَ فِي أَكْلِ الطِّينِ فَقَدْ شَرِكَ فِي دَمِ نَفْسِهِ .


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad ibn Mahbub from Ibrahim ibn Mehzam from Talhah ibn Zayd who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin has said, ‘One who continues eating clay has a share in his own murder.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/64)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ خَلَقَ آدَمَ مِنَ الطِّينِ فَحَرَّمَ أَكْلَ الطِّينِ عَلَى ذُرِّيَّتِهِ .


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Hisham ibn Salim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, created Adam from clay and has made it unlawful for his offspring to eat clay.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/64)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ الْقَدَّاحِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قِيلَ لِأَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) فِي رَجُلٍ يَأْكُلُ الطِّينَ فَنَهَاهُ فَقَالَ لَا تَأْكُلْهُ فَإِنْ أَكَلْتَهُ وَ مِتَّ كُنْتَ قَدْ أَعَنْتَ عَلَى نَفْسِكَ .


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Faddal from ibn al-Qaddah who has said the following: “About the case of a man who ate clay ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, prohibited and said, ‘Do not eat clay; if you eat clay and die, you have helped to murder yourself.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/64)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ جَدِّهِ زِيَادِ بْنِ أَبِي زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ التَّمَنِّيَ عَمَلُ الْوَسْوَسَةِ وَ أَكْثَرُ مَصَائِدِ الشَّيْطَانِ أَكْلُ الطِّينِ وَ هُوَ يُورِثُ السُّقْمَ فِي الْجِسْمِ وَ يُهَيِّجُ الدَّاءَ وَ مَنْ أَكَلَ طِيناً فَضَعُفَ عَنْ قُوَّتِهِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَأْكُلَهُ وَ ضَعُفَ عَنِ الْعَمَلِ الَّذِي كَانَ يَعْمَلُهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَأْكُلَهُ حُوسِبَ عَلَى مَا بَيْنَ قُوَّتِهِ وَ ضَعْفِهِ وَ عُذِّبَ عَلَيْهِ .


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ysma‘il ibn Muhammad from his grandfather Ziyad ibn abu Ziyad who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Wishing and longing is an act of Satan. Eating clay is of the greater part of the hunting devices of Satan. It causes illness in the body and accelerates pain. If one because of eating clay loses his power that he had before eating clay and fails to work as he did before eating clay he will be made to suffer proportionate to the amount of power that he had lost because of eating clay.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/64)



أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَمَّرِ بْنِ خَلَّادٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ مَا يَرْوِي النَّاسُ فِي أَكْلِ الطِّينِ وَ كَرَاهِيَتِهِ فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا ذَاكَ الْمَبْلُولُ وَ ذَاكَ الْمَدَرُ .


7. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’ammar ibn Khallad who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about what people narrate as regards eating clay and that it is undesirable. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is clay and chunks of dirt.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/65)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) مَنْ أَكَلَ الطِّينَ فَمَاتَ فَقَدْ أَعَانَ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ .


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘If one eats clay and dies he has helped to kill himself.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/65)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الطِّينِ فَقَالَ أَكْلُ الطِّينِ حَرَامٌ مِثْلُ الْمَيْتَةِ وَ الدَّمِ وَ لَحْمِ الْخِنْزِيرِ إِلَّا طِينَ قَبْرِ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) فَإِنَّ فِيهِ شِفَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ وَ أَمْناً مِنْ كُلِّ خَوْفٍ .


9. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from certain persons of our people from Ja‘far ibn Ibrahim al-Hadramiy from Sa‘d ibn Sa‘d who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about clay. He (the Imam) said, ‘ It is unlawful like dead animals, blood, flesh of pigs except the clay from the grave of al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in which there is cure for all kinds of illness and security from all kinds of fear.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/65)