1. The Relation between a Stumper and the Rider

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الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنِ ابْنِ طَيْفُورٍ الْمُتَطَبِّبِ قَالَ سَأَلَنِي أَبُو الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ تَرْكَبُ قُلْتُ حِمَاراً فَقَالَ بِكَمِ ابْتَعْتَهُ قُلْتُ بِثَلَاثَةَ عَشَرَ دِينَاراً فَقَالَ إِنَّ هَذَا هُوَ السَّرَفُ أَنْ تَشْتَرِيَ حِمَاراً بِثَلَاثَةَ عَشَرَ دِينَاراً وَ تَدَعَ بِرْذَوْناً قُلْتُ يَا سَيِّدِي إِنَّ مَئُونَةَ الْبِرْذَوْنِ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ مَئُونَةِ الْحِمَارِ قَالَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الَّذِي يَمُونُ الْحِمَارَ يَمُونُ الْبِرْذَوْنَ أَ مَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ مَنِ ارْتَبَطَ دَابَّةً مُتَوَقِّعاً بِهِ أَمْرَنَا وَ يَغِيظُ بِهِ عَدُوَّنَا وَ هُوَ مَنْسُوبٌ إِلَيْنَا أَدَرَّ اللَّهُ رِزْقَهُ وَ شَرَحَ صَدْرَهُ وَ بَلَّغَهُ أَمَلَهُ وَ كَانَ عَوْناً عَلَى حَوَائِجِهِ .


1. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from those who narrated to him from ibn Tayfur al-Mutatabbib who has said the following: “Once abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked me, ‘What do you ride?’ I replied, ‘It is a donkey.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘For how much have you bought it?’ I replied, ‘I have bought it for thirteen dinars.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘This is improper spending. You have bought a donkey for thirteen dinar and ignored buying a mule.’ I then said, ‘My master, maintenance of a mule is more than that for a donkey.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The one who maintains a donkey maintains a mule also. Did you not know that if one rides a stumper expecting our cause to materialize and makes our enemies feel jealous because he is counted on us, Allah manages his affairs, opens his chest, makes his wishes to come true and He is a helper in his affairs.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/451)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جُنْدَبٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ تِسْعَةُ أَعْشَارِ الرِّزْقِ مَعَ صَاحِبِ الدَّابَّةِ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jundab has said that narrated to him certain persons of our people who have said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Nine-tenths of sustenance is with the owner of a stumper.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/451)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ أَهْدَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) أَرْبَعَةَ أَفْرَاسٍ مِنَ الْيَمَنِ فَقَالَ سَمِّهَا لِي فَقَالَ هِيَ أَلْوَانٌ مُخْتَلِفَةٌ قَالَ فَفِيهَا وَضَحٌ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فِيهَا أَشْقَرُ بِهِ وَضَحٌ قَالَ فَأَمْسِكْهُ عَلَيَّقَالَ وَ فِيهَا كُمَيْتَانِ أَوْضَحَانِ فَقَالَ أَعْطِهِمَا ابْنَيْكَ قَالَ وَ الرَّابِعُ أَدْهَمُ بَهِيمٌ قَالَ بِعْهُ وَ اسْتَخْلِفْ بِهِ نَفَقَةً لِعِيَالِكَ إِنَّمَا يُمْنُ الْخَيْلِ فِي ذَوَاتِ الْأَوْضَاحِقَالَ وَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) يَقُولُ كَرِهْنَا الْبَهِيمَ مِنَ الدَّوَابِّ كُلِّهَا إِلَّا الْحِمَارَ وَ الْبَغْلَ وَ كَرِهْتُ شِيَةَ الْأَوْضَاحِ فِي الْحِمَارِ وَ الْبَغْلِ الْأَلْوَنِ وَ كَرِهْتُ الْقُرْحَ فِي الْبَغْلِ إِلَّا أَنْ يَكُونَ بِهِ غُرَّةٌ سَائِلَةٌ وَ لَا أَشْتَهِيهَا عَلَى حَالٍ .


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn Bukayr ibn Salih from Sulayman al-Ja‘fariy who has said the following: “I once heard abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, sent as present to the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. It comprised of four horses from Yemen. He (the Messenger of Allah) asked, ‘Describe them for me.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘They are of different colors.’ He (the Messenger of Allah) asked, ‘Has anyone of them bright spots?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘There is a blond more toward redness among them which has bright spots on it.’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘Keep it for me.’ He (the Imam) said there are two blonds more toward yellowness which have bright spots on them.’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘Give these to your sons.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The fourth one is of one color all over without spots on it.’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘Sell it for the expenses of your family. The good fortune in horses is in those with bright spots on them.’ I heard abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘We dislike all animals of one color, all over except donkeys and mules; and I dislike bright-hooved donkeys and mules of many colors. I dislike a white spot on the forehead of a mule unless it has expanded, however, I do not have the desires for it with such condition.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/452)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) اشْتَرِ دَابَّةً فَإِنَّ مَنْفَعَتَهَا لَكَ وَ رِزْقَهَا عَلَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ .


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ali ibn Ri’ab who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Buy a stumper; its benefit is for you and its sustenance with Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/452)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ الرَّقِّيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) مَنِ اشْتَرَى دَابَّةً كَانَ لَهُ ظَهْرُهَا وَ عَلَى اللَّهِ رِزْقُهَا .


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Ja‘far ibn Bashir from Dawud al- Riqqiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one buys a stumper, he has the benefit of riding and its sustenance is with Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/453)



سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) اتَّخِذْ حِمَاراً يَحْمِلْ رَحْلَكَ فَإِنَّ رِزْقَهُ عَلَى اللَّهِقَالَ فَاتَّخَذْتُ حِمَاراً وَ كُنْتُ أَنَا وَ يُوسُفُ أَخِي إِذَا تَمَّتِ السَّنَةُ حَسَبْنَا نَفَقَاتِنَا فَنَعْلَمُ مِقْدَارَهَا فَحَسَبْنَا بَعْدَ شِرَاءِ الْحِمَارِ نَفَقَاتِنَا فَإِذَا هِيَ كَمَا كَانَتْ فِي كُلِّ عَامٍ لَمْ تَزِدْ شَيْئاً .


6. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Walid from Yunus ibn Ya’qub who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said, ‘Buy a donkey which will carry your luggage and its sustenance is with Allah/ He (the narrator) has said, ‘I then found a donkey. Yunus, my brother and I at the end of the year would do our accounts and we found that there was no difference in our budget and no increase over the expenses of other years.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/453)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ مِنْ سَعَادَةِ الْمُؤْمِنِ دَابَّةٌ يَرْكَبُهَا فِي حَوَائِجِهِ وَ يَقْضِي عَلَيْهَا حُقُوقَ إِخْوَانِهِ .


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from Muhammad ibn Marwan who has said the following: “It is of the good fortune of a believing person to have a stumper that he can ride to meet his own needs and the needs of his brothers (in belief).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/453)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) مِنْ سَعَادَةِ الْمَرْءِ الْمُسْلِمِ الْمَرْكَبُ الْهَنِي‏ءُ .


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘It is of the good fortune of a Muslim man to have a healthy stumper.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/453)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ زِيَادٍ الْقَنْدِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) اتَّخِذُوا الدَّابَّةَ فَإِنَّهَا زَيْنٌ وَ تُقْضَى عَلَيْهَا الْحَوَائِجُ وَ رِزْقُهَا عَلَى اللَّهِ جَلَّ ذِكْرُهُ .قَالَ وَ حَدَّثَنِي بِهِ عَمَّارُ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ وَ زَادَ فِيهِ وَ تَلْقَى عَلَيْهَا إِخْوَانَكَ .وَ رُوِيَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ عَجَبٌ لِصَاحِبِ الدَّابَّةِ كَيْفَ تَفُوتُهُ الْحَاجَةُ .


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim a number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad all from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ziyad al-Qandiy from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must have a stumper; it is of beautification and helps meet one’s needs and its sustenance is with Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.’ He (the narrator) has said that narrated to me ‘Ammar ibn al-Mubarak with the addition of ‘and ride it to meet your brothers (in belief).’ It is also narrated that he (the Imam) said, ‘How can one who has a stumper miss fulfilling his needs?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق وآخره مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/453)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي الْبِلَادِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ مِنْ شَقَاءِ الْعَيْشِ الْمَرْكَبُ السَّوْءُ .


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from certain persons of his people from Ibrahim ibn abu al-Balad from Ali ibn al-Mughirah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is a misfortune in life to have a bad stumper.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/453)