29. Offering Food and Showing Courtesy

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْقَاشَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ مُقَاتِلٍ الْمَدِينِيِّ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) كَانَ فِي بَعْضِ مَغَازِيهِ فَمَرَّ بِهِ رَكْبٌ وَ هُوَ يُصَلِّي فَوَقَفُوا عَلَى أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) وَ سَاءَلُوهُمْ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) وَ دَعَوْا وَ أَثْنَوْا وَ قَالُوا لَوْ لَا أَنَّا عِجَالٌ لَانْتَظَرْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) فَأَقْرِءُوهُ مِنَّا السَّلَامَ وَ مَضَوْافَأَقْبَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) مُغْضَباً ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُمْ يَقِفُ عَلَيْكُمُ الرَّكْبُ وَ يَسْأَلُونَكُمْ عَنِّي وَ يُبَلِّغُونِّي السَّلَامَ وَ لَا تَعْرِضُونَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْغَدَاءَ لَيَعِزُّ عَلَى قَوْمٍ فِيهِمْ خَلِيلِي جَعْفَرٌ أَنْ يَجُوزُوهُ حَتَّى يَتَغَدَّوْا عِنْدَهُ .


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from Ali ibn Muhammad al-Qashaniy from abu Ayyub Sulayman ibn Muqatil al-Madiniy from Dawud ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad al-Ja‘fariy from his father who has said the following: “During one of his expeditions, the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, was performing Salat (prayer) when a caravan passed by. They stopped by the companions of the Messenger of Allah and asked them about him (the Messenger of Allah), prayed, praised and said, ‘Were we not in a hurry we would have waited for the Messenger of Allah, so convey our Salam (the phrase of offering greeting of peace) to him (the Messenger of Allah); and they left. The Messenger of Allah became angry and said to them, ‘A caravan stops by and asks you about me. They ask you to convey their Salam (the phrase of offering greeting of peace) to me but you do not show any courtesy and invite them for food. Had beloved Ja‘far been present, he would not send the people away without inviting them for food.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/80)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عِدَّةٍ رَفَعُوهُ إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا دَخَلَ عَلَيْكَ أَخُوكَ فَاعْرِضْ عَلَيْهِ الطَّعَامَ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَأْكُلْ فَاعْرِضْ عَلَيْهِ الْمَاءَ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَشْرَبْ فَاعْرِضْ عَلَيْهِ الْوَضُوءَ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from a number of our people who have narrated in a marfu‘ manner the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When your brother (in belief) comes to your house, offer him food, if he did not want, then offer him water and if he did not want water offer him wudu (to wash his face or perfume).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/80)