45. Description of Wudu before Eating Food

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَجْلَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْوُضُوءُ قَبْلَ الطَّعَامِ يَبْدَأُ صَاحِبُ الْبَيْتِ لِئَلَّا يَحْتَشِمَ أَحَدٌ فَإِذَا فَرَغَ مِنَ الطَّعَامِ بَدَأَ بِمَنْ عَنْ يَمِينِ صَاحِبِ الْبَيْتِ حُرّاً كَانَ أَوْ عَبْداًقَالَ وَ فِي حَدِيثٍ آخَرَ يَغْسِلُ أَوَّلًا رَبُّ الْبَيْتِ يَدَهُ ثُمَّ يَبْدَأُ بِمَنْ عَلَى يَمِينِهِ وَ إِذَا رُفِعَ الطَّعَامُ بَدَأَ بِمَنْ عَلَى يَسَارِ صَاحِبِ الْمَنْزِلِ وَ يَكُونُ آخِرُ مَنْ يَغْسِلُ يَدَهُ صَاحِبَ الْمَنْزِلِ لِأَنَّهُ أَوْلَى بِالصَّبْرِ عَلَى الْغَمَرِ .


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn ‘ Ajlan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The host must begin wudu so that no one feels shy. After eating food the person on the right of the host begins it, regardless of being a free or a slave . 5 He (the narrator) has said that in another Hadith it says, ‘The first before food and the last after food to wash should be the owner of the house, because he can remain patient with food stains. 5 ”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/104)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ خَلَفِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ اغْسِلُوا أَيْدِيَكُمْ فِي إِنَاءٍ وَاحِدٍ تَحْسُنْ أَخْلَاقُكُمْ .


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Khalid from Khalaf ibn Hammad from ‘Amr ibn Thabit who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Wash your hands in one utensil; it is good for the betterment of your moral behavior . 555


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/104)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ يُونُسَ قَالَ لَمَّا تَغَدَّى عِنْدِي أَبُو الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) وَ جِي‏ءَ بِالطَّسْتِ بُدِئَ بِهِ ( عليه السلام ) وَ كَانَ فِي صَدْرِ الْمَجْلِسِ فَقَالَ ( عليه السلام ) ابْدَأْ بِمَنْ عَلَى يَمِينِكَ فَلَمَّا تَوَضَّأَ وَاحِدٌ أَرَادَ الْغُلَامُ أَنْ يَرْفَعَ الطَّسْتَ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) دَعْهَا وَ اغْسِلُوا أَيْدِيَكُمْ فِيهَا .


3. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Fadl ibn al-Mubarak from al-Fadl ibn Yunus who has said the following: “When abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, had lunch and the hand-basin was brought, he (the Imam) was the first to wash his hand while he (the Imam) was sitting in the middle of the assembly room, and he (the Imam) said, ‘Begin with one who is on your right side . 5 When one made wudu the servant wanted to remove the hand-basin, but abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said to him, ‘Leave it so that you can wash your hands in it . 555


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/104)