42. The Divorced Woman Whose Husband is Absent Commences Her ‘Iddah (waiting period) from the Day She is Divorced

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُطَلِّقُ امْرَأَتَهُ وَ هُوَ غَائِبٌ عَنْهَا مِنْ أَيِّ يَوْمٍ تَعْتَدُّ فَقَالَ إِنْ أَقَامَتْ لَهَا بَيِّنَةَ عَدْلٍ أَنَّهَا طُلِّقَتْ فِي يَوْمٍ مَعْلُومٍ وَ تَيَقَّنَتْ فَلْتَعْتَدَّ مِنْ يَوْمَ طُلِّقَتْ وَ إِنْ لَمْ تَحْفَظْ فِي أَيِّ يَوْمٍ وَ فِي أَيِّ شَهْرٍ فَلْتَعْتَدَّ مِنْ يَوْمِ يَبْلُغُهَا .


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife when he is absent. When must his wife commence her ‘Iddah (waiting period )? He (the Imam) said, ‘If just testimony is established for his divorcing her on a known day which gives her certainty, she must commence her ‘Iddah (waiting period) from the day she is divorced; but if she is not certain then she must commence her ‘Iddah from the day she is informed.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/188)



عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ وَ بُرَيْدِ بْنِ مُعَاوِيَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي الْغَائِبِ إِذَا طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ إِنَّهَا تَعْتَدُّ مِنَ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي طَلَّقَهَا .


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr, from ‘Umar ibn ‘Udhaynah, from Zurarah and Muhammad ibn Muslim and Burayd ibn Mu’awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has narrated the following: “About the case of one who is absent if he divorces his wife abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘She must commence her ‘Iddah (waiting period) from the day he has divorced her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/189)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنِ الْمُثَنَّى عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَ هُوَ غَائِبٌ عَنْهَا مَتَى تَعْتَدُّ قَالَ إِذَا قَامَتْ لَهَا بَيِّنَةٌ أَنَّهَا طُلِّقَتْ فِي يَوْمٍ مَعْلُومٍ وَ شَهْرٍ مَعْلُومٍ فَلْتَعْتَدَّ مِنْ يَوْمَ طُلِّقَتْ وَ إِنْ لَمْ تَحْفَظْ فِي أَيِّ يَوْمٍ وَ أَيِّ شَهْرٍ فَلْتَعْتَدَّ مِنْ يَوْمِ يَبْلُغُهَا .


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Nasr from al-Muthanna’ from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife when he is absent. When must she commence her ‘Iddah (waiting period)? He (the Imam) said, ‘If testimony is established that he has divorced on a known day, of a known month, she must commence her ‘Iddah (waiting period) from that day; but if she cannot ascertain the date, then she must commence her ‘Iddah (waiting period) from the day she is informed.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/189)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ شُعَيْبِ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنِ الْمُطَلَّقَةِ يُطَلِّقُهَا زَوْجُهَا فَلَا يُعْلِمُ إِلَّا بَعْدَ سَنَةٍ فَقَالَ إِنْ جَاءَ شَاهِدَا عَدْلٍ فَلَا تَعْتَدَّ وَ إِلَّا فَلْتَعْتَدَّ مِنْ يَوْمِ يَبْلُغُهَا .


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Shu’ayb ibn Ya’qub from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “Once, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about the case of a man who divorces his wife. He informs her about it only after one year. He (the Imam) said, ‘If two just witness testify to prove it, she does not need to complete any ‘Iddah (waiting period), otherwise, she must commence her ‘Iddah (waiting period) from the day she is informed.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/190)



مُحَمَّدٌ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) إِذَا طَلَّقَ الرَّجُلُ وَ هُوَ غَائِبٌ فَلْيُشْهِدْ عَلَى ذَلِكَ فَإِذَا مَضَى ثَلَاثَةُ أَقْرَاءٍ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ فَقَدِ انْقَضَتْ عِدَّتُهَا .


5. Muhammad ibn Ahmad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said, ‘If a man divorces his wife when he is absent he must appoint witnesses. When three Hayd (menses)-free periods pass from that time her ‘Iddah (waiting period) is complete.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/190)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ فِي الْمُطَلَّقَةِ إِذَا قَامَتِ الْبَيِّنَةُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ طَلَّقَهَا مُنْذُ كَذَا وَ كَذَا فَكَانَتْ عِدَّتُهَا قَدِ انْقَضَتْ فَقَدْ بَانَتْ .


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Nasr who has narrated the following: “Abu al-Hassan al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If proof is established that she was divorced on such and such date which proves the expiration of her ‘Iddah (waiting period) she becomes a stranger for him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/190)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ الْوَاسِطِيِّ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا طَلَّقَ الرَّجُلُ امْرَأَتَهُ وَ هُوَ غَائِبٌ فَقَامَتِ الْبَيِّنَةُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ فَعِدَّتُهَا مِنْ يَوْمَ طَلَّقَ .


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Musa ibn Bakr al-Wasitiy from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one divorces his wife when he is absent and proof is established to prove such divorce, her ‘Iddah (waiting period) commences from the day he has divorced her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (21/190)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِذَا طَلَّقَ الرَّجُلُ وَ هُوَ غَائِبٌ فَقَامَتْ لَهَا الْبَيِّنَةُ أَنَّهُ طَلَّقَهَا فِي شَهْرِ كَذَا وَ كَذَا اعْتَدَّتْ مِنَ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي كَانَ مِنْ زَوْجِهَا فِيهِ الطَّلَاقُ وَ إِنْ لَمْ تَحْفَظْ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ اعْتَدَّتْ مِنْ يَوْمَ عَلِمَتْ .


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. ‘If a man divorces his wife when he is absent and testimony is established to prove the date of such divorce, she can commence her ‘Iddah (waiting period) from the day her husband had divorced her. If it is not proved then she must commence her ‘Iddah (waiting period) from the time she is informed.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/190)