26. The Engraving on the Ring

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ كَانَ نَقْشُ خَاتَمِ النَّبِيِّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَ كَانَ نَقْشُ خَاتَمِ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ وَ كَانَ نَقْشُ خَاتَمِ أَبِي ( عليه السلام ) الْعِزَّةُ لِلَّهِ .


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the engraving on the ring of the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said, ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah’. The engraving on the ring of ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, said, ‘Allah is the owner’ and the engraving on the ring of my father said, ‘All glory belongs to Allah’.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/361)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ ظَبْيَانَ وَ حَفْصِ بْنِ غِيَاثٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَا قُلْنَا جُعِلْنَا فِدَاكَ أَ يُكْرَهُ أَنْ يَكْتُبَ الرَّجُلُ فِي خَاتَمِهِ غَيْرَ اسْمِهِ وَ اسْمِ أَبِيهِ فَقَالَ فِي خَاتَمِي مَكْتُوبٌ اللَّهُ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ فِي خَاتَمِ أَبِي مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ( عليه السلام ) وَ كَانَ خَيْرَ مُحَمَّدِيٍّ رَأَيْتُهُ بِعَيْنِي الْعِزَّةُ لِلَّهِ وَ فِي خَاتَمِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيمِ وَ فِي خَاتَمِ الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) حَسْبِيَ اللَّهُ وَ فِي خَاتَمِ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ .


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from Yunus ibn Zabayan and Hafs ibn Ghiyath who has said the following: “Once we asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘We pray to Allah to keep our souls in service for your cause, is it undesirable to write on one’s ring something other than one’s name and the name of one’s father?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The writing on my ring says, ‘Allah is the Creator of all things’. On the ring of my father, Muhammad ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who was the best Muhammadi, I saw with my own eyes, the writing said, ‘All glory belongs to Allah. ’ On the ring of Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, the writing said, ‘All praise belongs to Allah, the most High, the most Great.’ On the ring of al-Hassan and al-Husayn, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, the writing said, ‘Allah is sufficient for me.’ On the ring of ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, the writing said, ‘Allah is the owner’.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/362)



عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ النَّهِيكِيِّ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ قَالَ مَرَّ بِي مُعَتِّبٌ وَ مَعَهُ خَاتَمٌ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ هَذَا فَقَالَ خَاتَمُ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فَأَخَذْتُ لِأَقْرَأَ مَا فِيهِ فَإِذَا فِيهِ اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ ثِقَتِي فَقِنِي شَرَّ خَلْقِكَ .


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad al-Nuhaykiy from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid who has said that:Mu‘attib passed by me and there was a ring with him and I asked him what it was? He replied, ‘It is the ring of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam.’ I took it to read what was written on it and it said, ‘O Lord, You are my protector so protect me from the mischief of Your creatures.’” (This may not be consider a Hadith directly from an Imam, but it speaks what was written on the ring of the Imam)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/362)



عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ عِنْدَ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) فَأَخْرَجَ إِلَيْنَا خَاتَمَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) وَ خَاتَمَ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) وَ كَانَ عَلَى خَاتَمِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَنْتَ ثِقَتِي فَاعْصِمْنِي مِنَ النَّاسِ وَ نَقْشُ خَاتَمِ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) حَسْبِيَ اللَّهُ وَ فِيهِ وَرْدَةٌ وَ هِلَالٌ فِي أَعْلَاهُ .


4. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I once was with abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and he (the Imam) showed us the ring of abu ‘Abd Allah, and abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhim al-Salam. On the ring of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, it said, ‘You are my trusty so protect me from people. ’ The engraving on the ring of abu al- Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Allah is sufficient for me’ and there was a flower and a crescent on its upper part.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/362)



عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ نَقْشِ خَاتَمِهِ وَ خَاتَمِ أَبِيهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ نَقْشُ خَاتَمِي مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ وَ نَقْشُ خَاتَمِ أَبِي حَسْبِيَ اللَّهُ وَ هُوَ الَّذِي كُنْتُ أَتَخَتَّمُ بِهِ .


5. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Yunus ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the engraving on his ring and the ring of his father. He (the Imam) said, ‘The engraving on my ring says, ‘It is whatever Allah wants and there is no power except the power of Allah’ and the engraving on the ring of my father said, ‘Allah is sufficient for me’ and it is what I used for my ring.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/362)



عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ كَانَ عَلَى خَاتَمِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) خَزِيَ وَ شَقِيَ قَاتِلُ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ( عليه السلام ) .


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Afi ibn Ma’bad from af-Husayn ibn Khafid who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘On the ring of Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, the writing said, ‘Disgraced and destroyed are murderers of al-Husayn ibn Ah’ ‘Alayhi al-Salam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/362)



سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ وَاصِلِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ ذَكَرْنَا خَاتَمَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) فَقَالَ تُحِبُّ أَنْ أُرِيَكَهُ فَقُلْتُ نَعَمْ فَدَعَا بِحُقٍّ مَخْتُومٍ فَفَتَحَهُ وَ أَخْرَجَهُ فِي قُطْنَةٍ فَإِذَا حَلْقَةُ فِضَّةٍ وَ فِيهِ فَصٌّ أَسْوَدُ عَلَيْهِ مَكْتُوبٌ سَطْرَانِ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ فَصَّ النَّبِيِّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) أَسْوَدُ .


7. Sahf ibn Ziyad has narrated from certain persons of his people from Wasil ibn Sulayman from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Once we mentioned the ring of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and he (the Imam) said, ‘Will you like if I show you?’ I replied, ‘Yes, (I will be delighted to see it).’ He (the Imam) then asked for a sealed package and took from it a pack of cotton in which there was a ring of silver. It had a piece of black stone with two lines of writing that said, ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.’ He (the narrator) has said that he (the Imam) said, ‘The stone of the ring of the Holy Prophet is black.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/363)



سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الثَّانِي ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّا رُوِّينَا فِي الْحَدِيثِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) كَانَ يَسْتَنْجِي وَ خَاتَمُهُ فِي إِصْبَعِهِ وَ كَذَلِكَ كَانَ يَفْعَلُ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) وَ كَانَ نَقْشُ خَاتَمِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ قَالَ صَدَقُوا قُلْتُ فَيَنْبَغِي لَنَا أَنْ نَفْعَلَ قَالَ إِنَّ أُولَئِكَ كَانُوا يَتَخَتَّمُونَ فِي الْيَدِ الْيُمْنَى وَ إِنَّكُمْ أَنْتُمْ تَتَخَتَّمُونَ فِي الْيُسْرَىقَالَ فَسَكَتَ فَقَالَ أَ تَدْرِي مَا كَانَ نَقْشُ خَاتَمِ آدَمَ ( عليه السلام ) فَقُلْتُ لَا فَقَالَ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَ كَانَ نَقْشُ خَاتَمِ النَّبِيِّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَ خَاتَمِ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ وَ خَاتَمِ الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) الْعِزَّةُ لِلَّهِ وَ خَاتَمِ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) خَاتَمُ أَبِيهِ وَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ الْأَكْبَرُ خَاتَمُ جَدِّهِ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) وَ خَاتَمُ جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) اللَّهُ وَلِيِّي وَ عِصْمَتِي مِنْ خَلْقِهِ وَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ الْأَوَّلُ ( عليه السلام ) حَسْبِيَ اللَّهُ وَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ الثَّانِي مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِوَ قَالَ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ وَ مَدَّ يَدَهُ إِلَيَّ وَ قَالَ خَاتَمِي خَاتَمُ أَبِي ( عليه السلام ) أَيْضاً .


8. Sahl ibn Ziyad Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Husayn ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once said to abu al-Hassan, al-Thaniy, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘We narrate in Hadith that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, after using the rest room performed cleansing while wearing his ring on his finger and so also did ’Amir al-Mu’minin. The engraving on the ring of the Messenger of Allah said, ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah’. He (the Imam) said, ‘They have spoken the truth.’ I then asked, ‘Is it proper for us to do so?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘They wore the ring on their right hand and you wear it on your left hand.’ I then remained quiet and he (the Imam) asked, ‘Do you know what the engraving on the ring of Adam, ‘Alayhi al-Salam was?’ I replied, ‘No, I do not know.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It was ‘No one deserves worship except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.’ The engraving on the ring of the last and seal of the prophets said, ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah’. The engraving on the ring of ’Amir al-Mu’minin said, ‘Allah is the owner. ’ On the ring of al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, it said, ‘All glory belongs to Allah.’ On the ring of al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, it said, ‘Allah achieves His goals.’ On the ring of Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, it was like the ring of his father. On the ring of abu Ja‘far, the great, it was like the ring of his grandfather. On the ring of Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, it said, ‘Allah is my Guardian and protector from His creatures. ’ On the ring of abu al- Hassan, al-Awwal, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, it said, ‘Allah is sufficient for me.’ On the ring of abu al-Hassan, al-Thaniy, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, it said, ‘It is all what Allah wants, there is no power except Allah.’ Al- Husayn ibn Khalid has said that he (the Imam) then extended his hand to me and said, ‘The engraving on my ring is like the engraving on the ring of my father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam.’” (Abu al-Hassan, al- Thaniy, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, it seems had two rings. One was his own ring with engraving that said, ‘It is all what Allah wants, there is no power except Allah’ and his other ring was the ring of his father).


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/363)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ جَدِّهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) مَنْ نَقَشَ عَلَى خَاتَمِهِ اسْمَ اللَّهِ فَلْيُحَوِّلْهُ عَنِ الْيَدِ الَّتِي يَسْتَنْجِي بِهَا فِي الْمُتَوَضَّإِ .


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Qasim ibn Yahya from his grandfather al-Hassan ibn Rashid from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin has said, ‘If one engraves the name of Allah on his ring he must change it from the hand with which one performs cleansing (washing one’s bottom).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (22/364)