Al-Kāfi - Volume 3

Author: Shaykh Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb b. Isḥāq al-Kulaynī (d. 329 AH)
Translator: Shaykh Muhammad Sarwar

The Book of Taharat (Cleansing)

1. The Cleansing Quality of Water

2. The Quantity of Water that Always Remains Clean

3. The Case of a Small Quantity of Water, the Water with a Dead Body in it and its use by a Man to Wash His Dirty Hand in it

4. The Case of a Well and Things that May Fall in It (Fatwa best explains Ahadith 2-12 as well as the following chapter.)

5. A Well near a Cesspool

6. Taking Wudu’ With Water from Which Animals, Beasts and Birds Have Drunk

7. Taking Wudu’ with the Water from Which a Woman during Her Hayd (menses), People After Having Carnal Relations, a Jew, a Christian or a Person Hostile toward ’A’immah Has Drunk (Fatwa best explains Ahadith 4-6 of this chapter.)

8. A Man Places His Hand in the Water before Washing, the Limit of Washing Hands Because of Carnal Relations, Urination, Feces and Sleeping

9. Mixing of Rain Water with Urine, with Water Used for Taking Ghusl (bath) Because of Carnal Relations, Touching of One’s Cloth with Water Used for Washing Because of Urine

10. Water of Bath Houses and Water Heated by the Sun’s Rays

11. Places Not Desirable to Use as a Lavatory

12. Expressions to Say When Entering a Lavatory and When Coming Out

13. Draining Urine, Washing and If One Does Not Find Water

14. The Quantity of Water Required for Wudu’, Showers and One Who Is Excessive in the Use of Water for Wudu’

15. Brushing One’s Teeth

16. Rinsing One’s Mouth and Nostrils

17. Description of Wudu’

18. The Area of the Face and Hands to be Washed for Wudu’

19. Wiping of Head and Feet

20. Wiping Over the Shoes

21. Bandages and Wounds

22. Facing Doubts about Wudu’ Forgetting or Mixing Proper Order

23. Matters that Invalidate or Do not Invalidate Wudu’

24. One’s Stepping over Feces or Other Such Things

25. Certain Fluid, Which Is Other than Urine and Semen

26. Kinds of Ghusl (bath)

27. Matters Covered by Ghusl (bath)

28. Necessity of Ghusl (bath) on Friday

29. Description of Ghusl (bath), Wudu’ Before or Thereafter and a Man’s Ghusl (bath) in an Improper Place, Expressions to Say During Taking Ghusl (bath) and Moving a Ring During Ghusl (bath)

30. Reason Necessitating Ghusl (bath) for Men and Women

31. Wet Dreams of Men and Women

32. Finding Fluid Coming Out after Ghusl (bath)

33. One after Carnal Relations Eats, Drinks, Reads, Enters a Masjid, Dyes Hair, Uses Fragrance and So On

34. One after Carnal Relation Sweats in His Clothes, Clothes Touch His Wet Body

35. Semen or Al-Madhiy Comes in Contact with One’s Clothes or Body

36. Urine Comes in Contact with One’s Clothes or Body

37. Urine of Animals and Their Dung

38. Clothes Come in Contact with Blood and Pus

39. Dogs Touching Clothes, Body and So On

40. Description of Tayammum

41. When Tayammum Is Necessary and Finding Water Thereafter

42. One’s having Little Water on a Journey but Is Afraid of Facing Thirst

43. One’s Experiencing Carnal Relations and Having Only Ice

44. Taking Tayammum with Clay

45. Bandages, Injuries, One’s Suffering from Smallpox and or Experiencing Carnal Relations

46. Rare Ahadith about Wudu’

The Book of Hayd (menses)

1. Chapters on Hayd (menses)

2. Minimum and Maximum Duration of Hayd

3. Women’s Experiencing Hayd After or Before Their Date of Hayd

4. Women Observe Yellowish Blood Before or After Hayd (menses)

5. First Time Hayd (menses)

6. Examining if Hayd (menses) has Ended or Not

7. Taking Ghusl (bath) Because of Hayd and the Kind of Water Needed

8. Women Find Blood after Sexual Relation

9. Comprehensive Instructions About Hayd (menses) and Istihadah (irregular menses)

10. Signs for Differentiating Between Blood of Hayd and Istihadah

11. Differentiating Among Blood of Hayd, Virginity or a Wound

12. Pregnant Woman Finds Blood

13. Blood Because of Childbirth

14. Blood Discharge after a Woman’s Experiencing Discharge-Free Period after Childbirth and Blood Discharge before Birth or after Childbirth

15. Matters Necessary for Women during Hayd at the Times of Salah (prayer)

16. Women Find Hayd Blood after the Coming of the Time for a Salah (Prayer) Before Performing It Or Become Clean Before the Coming of the Time for a Salah (Prayer) But Are Too Lazy for Ghusl (bath)

17. Women Feel Hayd during Salah (Prayer)

18. Women Must Make-up-for Fasting Because of Hayd but Not Salah (Prayer)

19. Women’s Reading the Holy Quran During Hayd or Child-birth

20. Women during Hayd Can Pick up Things from a Masjid but Must Not Leave Anything Therein

21. Women’s Hayd (menses) Stops, Comes Again and the Time of Menopause

22. Women’s Using Medicine to Have Hayd (menses) after It Stops

23. Using Dye during Hayd (menses)

24. Washing Clothes of Women during Hayd

25. Women During Hayd Pick up Prayer Rug or Water

The Book on Dying People

1. Causes of Death and that Believing People May Die by any Manner of Dying

2. The Reward for a Person Suffering from Illness

3. Another Section on the Same Subject

4. The Limits of Complaints

5. A Patient’s Giving Permission to His Visitors

6. How Often a Patient Should Be Visited, How Long the Duration of Visitation Should Be and Complete Visit

7. The Limit of a Sudden Death

8. The Virtue (Reward) of Visiting a Patient

9. Dictations to a Dying Person

10. Difficulty in Dying (If Dying Becomes Difficult and the Agony of Death Intense)

11. Facing the Dying Person Toward Qiblah

12. A Believing Person Is Not Caused to Die Against His Will

13. Things that Believers and Unbelievers See in Dying Conditions

14. Taking out of the Souls of Believing and Unbelievers

15. Burial Should Take Place Immediately

16. Rare Ahadith

17. Women during Hayd Nurse a Patient (The following chapters are about rules of washing a dead body for burial, shrouding and other matters of burial, and are best explained in the form of fatwa. Consult current fatwa about them.)

18. Washing a Dead Body

19. Hunut (Rubbing Camphor) on a Dead Body and Shrouding

20. Shrouding a Deceased Women

21. Undesirability of Perfuming the Shroud or Warming Water for Washing Dead Bodies

22. The Desirable Pieces of Shroud and the Undesirable Ones

23. The Amount of Water Needed for Ghusl (bath) of a Deceased Person

24. The Two Fresh Al-Jaridah (Twigs of Palm Tree)

25. Persons Dead Without Shower Due to Carnal Relations Hayd or Child Birth Reasons

26. Chapter 26- Dead Woman with a Baby Moving Inside Her

27. Cutting of Nails and Hairs of Dead Person Undesirable

28. Things Coming Out of a Dead Body after Ghusl (bath)

29. Washing of Persons of opposite Gender

30. The Age of Children during Which Women Can Wash Their Bodies

31. The Ghusl (bath) Necessary for Touching a Dead Body and Washing or Touching When the Body Is Still Warm or Has Become Cold

32. Reason behind Washing a Dead Body for Burial and After Sexual Activities

33. The Reward for Washing a Believer for Burial

34. The Reward for Shrouding the Body of a Believing Person

35. The Reward for One who Prepares the Grave for a Believing Person

36. The Required Depth of a Grave, the form of the Grave and Prepared Lahad for the Messenger of Allah

37. Informing People to Attend a Funeral Service

38. Expressions to Pronounce on Seeing a Dead Person

39. The Sunnah to Carry a Dead Body

40. Walking Along with Procession for the Dead Body

41. It Is Not Desirable to Ride in Funeral Procession

42. One Who Joins a Funeral Procession and then Returns

43. The Reward for Walking in a Funeral Procession

44. The Reward for Lifting up the Coffin of a Dead Body

45. The Dead Bodies of Men, Women, Children and Slaves (For such Ahadith about an act or issue of the five categories of deeds of the quality of Wujub (Obligatory), Hurmat (Prohibited), Istihbab (Preference), Kirahat (Detestability) or Ibahah (Permissibility) one must consult fatwas of one’s Mujtahid.)

46. Rare Ahadith

47. The Place Where the Person Performing Salah (Prayer) for a DeadBody Stands

48. The Most Preferred Person to Perform Salah (Prayer) for a Dead Person

49. Performing Salah (Prayer) for a Dead Person without Wudu’

50. Women’s Performing Salah (Prayer) for a Dead Person

51. The Time of Performing Salah (Prayer) for a Dead Person

52. Reason for Five Takbir in Salah (Prayer) for a Dead Person

53. Salah (Prayer) for a Person in a Masjid

54. Salah (Prayer) for a Believer’s Dead Body, Takbir and Du’a

55. There is No Particular Du’a or Salam in Salah (Prayer) for a Dead Body

56. Saying More Than Five Takbir in Salah (Prayer) for a Dead Person

57. Salah (Prayer) For a Person of Weak Understanding of Faith and One Who Does Not Know the Truth

58. Salah (Prayer) for a Dead Person Hostile to ’A’immah

59. Arrival of Another Dead Body During Salah (Prayer) for One Already There

60. Placing the Dead Body in front of the Grave

61. Rare Ahadith

62. Entering and Coming out of the Grave

63. People Who Should and Those Who Should Not Enter a Grave

64. Preparation for Placing a Deceased in the Grave

65. Preparing Lahad and the Materials Needed (Ch. 64 is best explained by fatwa.)

66. Who Should Fill Soil in the Grave and How

67. Preparing Four Corners of the Grave and Sprinkling Water on It

68. Using Clay or Lime over the Grave

69. The Soil Where a Person Is Buried

70. Condolences and the Obligations of the People of the Deceased

71. The Reward for One Who Offers Condolences to a Saddened Person

72. A Woman Dies with Baby Moving Inside (The following chapters are best explained by fatwa, please consult fatwa.)

73. Ghusl (bath) for Children and Salah (Prayer) for Them

74. People Drowned or Struck Dead

75. People Killed

76. People Consumed By Beasts, Birds, Pieces of Bodies of Those Killed or Burnt

77. People Who Die in Ships and Cannot Be Brought Ashore or Are Naked

78. Salah (Prayer) for Persons Crucified, Stoned or Dead for Capital Punishment

79. The Obligations of the Neighbors toward the People of the Deceased and Mourning Ceremonies

80. Suffering Due to the Death of a Son

81. Offering Condolences and Solace

82. Patience, Impatience and to Acknowledge (the Reality of) Death

83. The Reward for offering Condolences

84. About offering Solace

85. Visiting of the Graves

86. Dead People Visit Their Families

87. A Dying Person Observes His Properties, Children and Deeds Just Before His Death

88. Interrogations in the Grave - Who Is Interrogated and Who Is Not

89. The Statements that Graves Make Every Day

90. About the Spirits (Souls) of the Believers

91. Another one of the Chapters about the Souls of the Believing People

92. About the Souls (spirits) of the Unbelievers

93. Worldly Garden

94. The Children

95. The Rare Ahadith

The Book of Prayer

1. The Excellence of Prayer

2. Those Who Preserve Salah (prayer) and Those Who Lose

3. Salah (Prayer) Is Made Obligatory (Chapters 3-15, practical rules about prayer are best expressed in the form of fatwa.)

4. The Timing of Salah (Prayer), the Beginning, the End and the Outstanding Phases

5. The Time of Noon and Afternoon Salah (Prayer)

6. The Times of Maghrib and ‘Isha’ Salah (Prayer)

7. The Time of Morning Salah (Prayer)

8. The Time of Salah (Prayer) In a Cloudy Day, Windy and One Who Has Performed Salah (Prayer) Without Facing the Direction of Qiblah

9. Performing Two Salah (Prayer) Soon After the Other

10. The Salah (Prayer) Any Time

11. Performing Optional Salah (Prayer) at the Time of Obligatory Salah (Prayer) and the Times Not to Perform Salah (Prayer)

12. One Who Goes to Sleep Before Performing Salah (Prayer) or Forgets

13. Construction of the Masjid of the Holy Prophet

14. Forming a Barrier between One Performing Salah (Prayer) and Those Passing in Front of Him

15. Women Performing Salah (Prayer) in Front of Men or Men Performing Salah (Prayer) With Women in Front (This chapter is best explained through the fatwas)

16. Humility during Salah (prayer) and the Contemptibility of Playfulness during Prayer

17. Weeping and Appealing for One’s Needs in Salah (prayer)

18. Commencement of Adhan, Iqamah, and the Excellence of Reading them

19. Words to Say When Entering and Leaving a Masjid

20. The Opening Readings When Commencing Salah (prayer)

21. Recitations in Salah (prayer)

22. Reading Chapters of the Holy Quran Which Involve Obligatory Sajdah

23. Reading in the Last Two Rak‘at and Tasbih Therein

24. Ruku‘ (Kneeling) and Readings therein and When Standing up Straight Thereafter

25. Sajdah, Readings and Recitations therein in Obligatory Salah (prayer) and Optional Salah (prayer) and Readings between the Two Sajdah

26. Minimum and Maximum Tasbih in Ruku‘ and Sajdah

27. Objects on Which Sajdah Is Permissible and What Is Undesirable

28. Placing the Forehead on the Ground

29. Manners of Standing and Sitting Positions in Salah (prayer)

30. Tashahhud after the First Two Rak‘at and After the Fourth Rak‘at and Al-Taslim

31. Al-Qunut in Obligatory and Optional Salah (prayer)

32. Prayers after Salah (a special form of prayer)

33. The Case of One Whose Wudu’ Is Invalidated Before Al-Taslim

34. Mistake in Opening of Salah (Prayer)

35. Mistake in Recitation

36. Mistake in Ruku‘

37. Mistake in Sujud (prostrations)

38. Mistake in the First Two Rak‘at

39. Mistake in the Morning, al-Maghrib and Friday Salah (Prayer)

40. Mistakes in Salah (Prayer) of Three or Four Rak‘at

41. Mistake about Four or Five Rak‘at

42. Speaking During Salah (Prayer), or Turning Away Before Completion

43. Facing Doubts about Salah (Prayer) As a Whole, Not Knowing if It Is Increased or Decreased, One Facing Mistakes Very Often, Mistakes in Optional Salah (prayer) and Mistakes of an Imam and Those behind Him

44. Matters Accepted From Salah (Prayer) of a Forgetful Person

45. Things That Invalidate Salah (Prayer) Like Laughing, Invalidating Wudu’, Making a Gesture, Forgetting and So on

46. Offering greeting of peace to a Person Performing Salah (Prayer) and Sneezing in Salah (prayer)

47. Killing Insects, and So on during Salah (Prayer)

48. Building a Masjid, Items Taken from It, Invalidating Wudu’ and Sleeping in Masjid and So On

49. Excellence of Salah (prayer) in Congregation

50. Performing Salah (prayer) behind one Who Is not Qualified to Lead Others

51. Who Is an Undesirable Leader in Salah (prayer)? Can a Slave Lead Salah (prayer)? Who Is Most Rightful to Lead Salah (prayer)

52. Men Lead Salah (Prayer) for Women and Women Lead Salah (Prayer) for Women

53. Performing Salah (Prayer) Behind a Qualified Person, Recitation behind Him and His Responsibilities

54. A Prayer Leader Whose Wudu’ Is Invalid or Is without al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah)

55. One Who Has Performed Salah (Prayer) but Wants to Join a Congregation or Has Led a People and Wants to Perform Again

56. One Performing Salah (Prayer) Partially behind an Imam Who then Asks Him to Lead because of Losing his Wudu’

57. One Joining a Row, Alone in One Row or Away From the Prayer Leader More Than One Step

58. Performing Salah (Prayer) Inside Ka’bah, on its Top, al-Biya 4, Churches and Places where Performing Salah (prayer) Is Undesirable

59. Performing Salah (Prayer) In One Piece of Cloth, How Much clothing a woman Needs, Salah (prayer) of Naked People and Putting One’s Clothes in a Certain Manner, Garb with a Sash

60. Kinds of Clothes in Which It Is Undesirable to Perform Salah (Prayer) As Well As Otherwise

61. Rules about Performing Salah (Prayer) in an Unclean Cloth Regardless One Knows it or Not

62. Rules about Performing Salah (Prayer) With a Mask on One’s Face, with Dyes, Does not Take out One’s Hands from Under One’s Clothes during Salah (prayer)

63. Salah (Prayer) of Children and When Should They Begin Salah (Prayer)

64. Rules about the Very Old or One with an Illness

65. Rules about Salah (Prayer) of Fainted or 111 Persons

66. The Excellence of Friday and its Night

67. Sprucing up on Fridays

68. Obligation of Friday Salah (prayer)

69. The Time for Friday and ‘Asr Salah (prayer)

70. Friday Prayer Leader’s Getting ready for Friday Prayer, His Sermon and Quietly Listening

71. Recitations on Friday and Night

72. Qunut (Supplication after Recitation in Second Rak‘at) in Friday Salah (Prayer)

73. One Who Misses Friday Salah (Prayer) With Imam

74. Optional Salah (Prayer) On Friday

75. The Rare Ahadith about Friday

76. Times of Salah (Prayer) on a Journey and Performing Two Salah (prayer) Soon one after the Other

77. Required Length of Distance of a Journey for Shortened Salah (Prayer)

78. Where to Apply Rules about Salah (Prayer) on a Journey

79. How a Home Coming Traveler Applies Applicable Rules

80. Rules about Sailors and People Traveling Very often

81. Salah (Prayer) of a Traveler Person behind a Non-Traveler

82. Performing Optional Salah (Prayer) on a Journey

83. Salah (Prayer) on a Ship

84. The Optional Salah (prayer)

85. Performing Optional Salah (Prayer) before or after, Compensatory prayer for them and Salah (prayer) of al-Duha’

86. Performing Salah (Prayer) in Dangerous Conditions

87. Performing Salah (Prayer) in Battlefield

88. Salah (Prayer) of Both ‘Id and the Sermon for it

89. Salah (prayer) for Rain

90. Salah (Prayer) For Eclipses

91. Salah (prayer) with Tasbih

92. Salah (prayer) of Fatimah al-Zahra’, ‘Alayha al-Salam, and other Salawat (prayers) to build up Interests

93. Salah (prayer) for Istikharah (asking Allah to Choose for One What Is Good)

94. Salah (prayer) when Asking for Increase in One’s Sustenance

95. Salah (prayer) for one’s Needs

96. Salah (prayer) of One Who Is Afraid

97. Salah (prayer) of One Who Likes to Travel

98. Salah (prayer) for Thanksgiving

99. Salah (prayer) of One who Wants to Get Married or Go to Bed with His Wife

100. The Rare Ahadith

101. The Masjids in Kufa

102. Excellence of the Great Masjid of Kufah, Excellence of Performing Salah (prayer) and the Loveable places Therein

103. Al-Sahlah Masjid

The Book of al-Zakat

1. The Obligation of al-Zakat (charity) and Necessary Payments from Properties

2. Refusal to Pay zakat

3. The Reason for Amount of Zakat Levied without the Need to Increase or Decrease

4. Amount of Zakat the Messenger of Allah Levied on the Properties of His Family Members

5. Grains Subject to Zakat

6. What Is not Subject to Zakat of Plantation and so Forth

7. Minimum Zakat on Plantation Produce

8. Dates Are Subject to Zakat Only Once

9. Zakat on Gold and Silver

10. Jewelries, Ornaments Are Not Subject to Zakat

11. Zakat of Misplaced Wealth, Loans and Borrowed

12. Times Zakat Is Due

13. (Without Title)

14. Rules about the Wealth Owned For Less Than a Year

15. Rules about Profits after Paying Zakat

16. Rules about Business Losses

17. Animals Subject to Zakat and Those Not Subject to Zakat

18. Zakat of Camels

19. (Without Title)

20. Zakat of Cows

21. Zakat of Sheep

22. Disciplines for Zakat Collector

23. Zakat on Wealth of Orphans

24. Zakat on Wealth of Slaves, al-Mukatib and the Insane People

25. Rules about Sultan’s Taxes on Taxpayers

26. Rules about Leftovers of Household Expenses

27. Zakat Paid to One Who is Found not to Be a Needy Person

28. Zakat Paid To Those Who Do Not Believe in the Divine Authority of ’A’immah

29. Paying Zakat on Behalf of a Deceased

30. Minimum and Maximum Amount of Zakat Payable to a Needy Person

31. Paying Zakat to Small Dependents of a Believer or Offset a Loan

32. Preferences among the Recipients of Zakat

33. Preferences for Relatives and Those of Them to Whom Zakat Cannot Be Paid

34. Rare Ahadith

35. Sending Zakat from one Place to Other Places . . .

36. Zakat for Distribution by a Needy Person who Himself is Needy

37. Recipient Can Use Zakat as His Own Propert

38. A Person’s Performing Hajj and so on with Zakat He Has Received

39. Loan Is Protection for Zakat

40. Offsetting Loan for Zakat

41. If One Runs Away With Zakat

42. Payment of Zakat from Properties not Subject to Zakat

43. Who Can Lawfully Receive Zakat and Who Cannot

44. A Qualified Recipient Who Refuses to Receive Zakat

45. Harvest Time

46. Zakat of Tax Payers

47. Rare Ahadith