94. Salah (prayer) when Asking for Increase in One’s Sustenance

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ شَكَا رَجُلٌ إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) الْفَاقَةَ وَالْحُرْفَةَ فِي التِّجَارَةِ بَعْدَ يَسَارٍ قَدْ كَانَ فِيهِ مَا يَتَوَجَّهُ فِي حَاجَةٍ إِلاَّ ضَاقَتْ عَلَيْهِ الْمَعِيشَةُ فَأَمَرَهُ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنْ يَأْتِيَ مَقَامَ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بَيْنَ الْقَبْرِ وَالْمِنْبَرِ فَيُصَلِّيَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَيَقُولَ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِقُوَّتِكَ وَقُدْرَتِكَ وَبِعِزَّتِكَ وَمَا أَحَاطَ بِهِ عِلْمُكَ أَنْ تُيَسِّرَ لِي مِنَ التِّجَارَةِ أَوْسَعَهَا رِزْقاً وَأَعَمَّهَا فَضْلاً وَخَيْرَهَا عَاقِبَةً قَالَ الرَّجُلُ فَفَعَلْتُ مَا أَمَرَنِي بِهِ فَمَا تَوَجَّهْتُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فِي وَجْهٍ إِلاَّ رَزَقَنِيَ الله.


1. Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya from ibn Muskan from Muhammad ibn Ali al-Halabiy who has said the following: “A man complained before abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, against his poverty and deprivation in business after being affluent and that in whatever way he moves to make a living, he faces difficulties. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, commanded him to go to the special place of the Messenger of Allah which is between his grave and pulpit. ‘Perform two Rak‘at Salah (prayer) there and say, one hundred times, ‘O Lord, I appeal to You through Your power, Your determination, Your majesty and through whatever Your knowledge has encompassed, please facilitate my business and increase it for my sustenance in a way that is better and of good consequences.’ The man has said that thereafter in whichever way I moved for business Allah granted me benefits.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/455)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي دَاوُدَ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ الله إِنِّي ذُو عِيَالٍ وَعَلَيَّ دَيْنٌ وَقَدِ اشْتَدَّتْ حَالِي فَعَلِّمْنِي دُعَاءً إِذَا دَعَوْتُ بِهِ رَزَقَنِيَ الله مَا أَقْضِي بِهِ دَيْنِي وَأَسْتَعِينُ بِهِ عَلَى عِيَالِي فَقَالَ يَا عَبْدَ الله تَوَضَّأْ وَأَسْبِغْ وُضُوءَكَ ثُمَّ صَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ تُتِمُّ الرُّكُوعَ وَالسُّجُودَ فِيهِمَا ثُمَّ قُلْ يَا مَاجِدُ يَا وَاحِدُ يَا كَرِيمُ أَتَوَجَّهُ إِلَيْكَ بِمُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيِّكَ نَبِيِّ الرَّحْمَةِ يَا مُحَمَّدُ يَا رَسُولَ الله إِنِّي أَتَوَجَّهُ بِكَ إِلَى الله رَبِّكَ وَرَبِّ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَأَسْأَلُكَ نَفْحَةً مِنْ نَفَحَاتِكَ وَفَتْحاً يَسِيراً وَرِزْقاً وَاسِعاً أَلُمُّ بِهِ شَعْثِي وَأَقْضِي بِهِ دَيْنِي وَأَسْتَعِينُ بِهِ عَلَى عِيَالِي.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ahmad ibn abu Dawud from abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a man came to the Holy Prophet and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I am a man with (a large) family, indebted; and my condition has become difficult. Please teach me a prayer through which Allah will provide me enough to pay my debts and help my family.’ The Messenger of Allah said, ‘Take Wudu’ properly, then perform two Rak‘at Salah (prayer) with complete Ruku‘ and sajdah in both Rak‘at. Thereafter say, “O owner of glory, O the only One, O gracious, I turn to You through Muhammad, Your prophet, the prophet of mercy. O Muhammad, O Messenger of Allah, I have turned through you to Allah, your Lord and the Lord of all things. Allahumma Salli ‘Ala Muhammad wa ‘Ali Muhammad (O Allah grant Muhammad and his family a compensation worthy of their serving Your cause). I appeal to You for relief from that with which You grant relief, an easy success and vast sustenance with which I can overcome my difficulties, pay my debts and help my family.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/455)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ صَبَّاحٍ الْحَذَّاءِ عَنِ ابْنِ الطَّيَّارِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّهُ كَانَ فِي يَدِي شَيْ‏ءٌ تَفَرَّقَ وَضِقْتُ ضَيْقاً شَدِيداً فَقَالَ لِي أَ لَكَ حَانُوتٌ فِي السُّوقِ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ وَقَدْ تَرَكْتُهُ فَقَالَ إِذَا رَجَعْتَ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ فَاقْعُدْ فِي حَانُوتِكَ وَاكْنُسْهُ فَإِذَا أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ إِلَى سُوقِكَ فَصَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ أَوْ أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ ثُمَّ قُلْ فِي دُبُرِ صَلاَتِكَ تَوَجَّهْتُ بِلاَ حَوْلٍ مِنِّي وَلاَ قُوَّةٍ وَلَكِنْ بِحَوْلِكَ وَقُوَّتِكَ أَبْرَأُ إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْحَوْلِ وَالْقُوَّةِ إِلاَّ بِكَ فَأَنْتَ حَوْلِي وَمِنْكَ قُوَّتِي اللهمَّ فَارْزُقْنِي مِنْ فَضْلِكَ الْوَاسِعِ رِزْقاً كَثِيراً طَيِّباً وَأَنَا خَافِضٌ فِي عَافِيَتِكَ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَمْلِكُهَا أَحَدٌ غَيْرُكَ قَالَ فَفَعَلْتُ ذَلِكَ وَكُنْتُ أَخْرُجُ إِلَى دُكَّانِي حَتَّى خِفْتُ أَنْ يَأْخُذَنِي الْجَابِي بِأُجْرَةِ دُكَّانِي وَمَا عِنْدِي شَيْ‏ءٌ قَالَ فَجَاءَ جَالِبٌ بِمَتَاعٍ فَقَالَ لِي تُكْرِينِي نِصْفَ بَيْتِكَ فَأَكْرَيْتُهُ نِصْفَ بَيْتِي بِكِرَى الْبَيْتِ كُلِّهِ قَالَ وَعَرَضَ مَتَاعَهُ فَأُعْطِيَ بِهِ شَيْئاً لَمْ يَبِعْهُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ هَلْ لَكَ إِلَيَّ خَيْرٌ تَبِيعُنِي عِدْلاً مِنْ مَتَاعِكَ هَذَا أَبِيعُهُ وَآخُذُ فَضْلَهُ وَأَدْفَعُ إِلَيْكَ ثَمَنَهُ قَالَ وَكَيْفَ لِي بِذَلِكَ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَلَكَ الله عَلَيَّ بِذَلِكَ قَالَ فَخُذْ عِدْلاً مِنْهَا فَأَخَذْتُهُ وَرَقَمْتُهُ وَجَاءَ بَرْدٌ شَدِيدٌ فَبِعْتُ الْمَتَاعَ مِنْ يَوْمِي وَدَفَعْتُ إِلَيْهِ الثَّمَنَ وَأَخَذْتُ الْفَضْلَ فَمَا زِلْتُ آخُذُ عِدْلاً عِدْلاً فَأَبِيعُهُ وَآخُذُ فَضْلَهُ وَأَرُدُّ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ رَأْسِ الْمَالِ حَتَّى رَكِبْتُ الدَّوَابَّ وَاشْتَرَيْتُ الرَّقِيقَ وَبَنَيْتُ الدُّورَ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Najran from Sabah al-Hadhdha’ from ibn al- Tayyar who has said the following: “I said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘I had some property which now has scattered away and I am under severe constraint.’ The Imam asked, ‘Do you have a shop in the market place?’ I replied, ‘Yes, but I have abandoned it.’ The Imam said, ‘When you go back to Kufah, attend your shop and broom clean it. When you want to go to your market place, perform two Rak‘at Salah (prayer) or four Rak‘at and at the end say, “I have decided to go to work and it is without any power and means from myself but (O Lord), it is by Your power and means. I disassociate myself from all powers and means except for your power and means. You are my power and means. O Lord, grant me, with your generosity vast sustenance, plentiful and fine, so I become affluent in good health by Your help. No one owns it (good health) except You.’” The narrator has said, ‘I followed the instruction but I became afraid of tax collector due to my inability to pay the rent and that I might lose the shop for this reason and I did not have anything to pay. One day a merchant came to me and asked me to rent out to him half of my house. I then rented out one half for the rent of the whole house. He tried to sell his merchandise but did not get the price he wanted, thus he did not sell it. I then asked him if he could allow me to sell a certain amount of his merchandise in my shop; if sold I shall give him his purchase price and keep the extra. He said, “How can that happen?” I said, “Trust me before Allah.” He agreed that I take a bundle. I took it. The weather became very cold. I was able to sell the merchandise the same day. I gave him his purchase price and kept the extra. I continued selling his merchandise, gave back his capital and kept the extra until I was able to buy horses, slaves and a house.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/456)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ ابْنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ صَبِيحٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَا وَلِيدُ أَيْنَ حَانُوتُكَ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ فَقُلْتُ عَلَى بَابِهِ فَقَالَ إِذَا أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تَأْتِيَ حَانُوتَكَ فَابْدَأْ بِالْمَسْجِدِ فَصَلِّ فِيهِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ أَوْ أَرْبَعاً ثُمَّ قُلْ غَدَوْتُ بِحَوْلِ الله وَقُوَّتِهِ وَغَدَوْتُ بِلاَ حَوْلٍ مِنِّي وَلاَ قُوَّةٍ بَلْ بِحَوْلِكَ وَقُوَّتِكَ يَا رَبِّ اللهمَّ إِنِّي عَبْدُكَ أَلْتَمِسُ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ كَمَا أَمَرْتَنِي فَيَسِّرْ لِي ذَلِكَ وَأَنَا خَافِضٌ فِي عَافِيَتِكَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Afi ibn af-Hakam from ibn af-Wafid ibn Sabih from his father who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked me, ‘Where is your shop in relation to the Masjid?’ I replied, ‘It is near the door of the Masjid.’ He then said, ‘When you want to go to your shop, first go to the Masjid, perform two or four Rak‘at Salah (prayer) and at the end say, “I have attended this morning by the means and power of Allah, but not by my own means and power, in fact it is by Your means and power O Lord. O Allah, I am Your servant and I appeal to You to grant me (wealth) through Your generosity, as You have commanded me to pray to You and appeal. Make this possible for me with ease, so I can be affluent and in good health by Your help.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/458)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ الْعَطَّارِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ لِي يَا فُلاَنُ أَ مَا تَغْدُو فِي الْحَاجَةِ أَ مَا تَمُرُّ بِالْمَسْجِدِ الأعْظَمِ عِنْدَكُمْ بِالْكُوفَةِ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَ فَصَلِّ فِيهِ أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ قُلْ فِيهِنَّ غَدَوْتُ بِحَوْلِ الله وَقُوَّتِهِ غَدَوْتُ بِغَيْرِ حَوْلٍ مِنِّي وَلاَ قُوَّةٍ وَلَكِنْ بِحَوْلِكَ يَا رَبِّ وَقُوَّتِكَ أَسْأَلُكَ بَرَكَةَ هَذَا الْيَوْمِ وَبَرَكَةَ أَهْلِهِ وَأَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تَرْزُقَنِي مِنْ فَضْلِكَ حَلاَلاً طَيِّباً تَسُوقُهُ إِلَيَّ بِحَوْلِكَ وَقُوَّتِكَ وَأَنَا خَافِضٌ فِي عَافِيَتِكَ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from al-Barqiy from his father from Safwan ibn Yahya from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-‘Attar from a man from our people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked me, ‘O so and so, do you sometimes need something? Do you visit the great Masjid near you in Kufah?’ I replied, ‘Yes, I do.’ He said, ‘Perform four Rak‘at Salah (prayer) there and say, “I have attended this morning by the means and power of Allah, not by my own means and power, but with Your means and power, O Lord. I appeal before You for the blessings of this day and the blessing of the people of this day and I appeal before You to grant me through Your generosity lawful and fine sustenance which You will send to me through Your means and power so I can live affluently in good health by Your help.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/458)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ ابْنِ أُخْتِ شُعَيْبٍ الْعَقَرْقُوفِيِّ عَنْ خَالِهِ شُعَيْبٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) مَنْ جَاعَ فَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ وَلْيُصَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ إِنِّي جَائِعٌ فَأَطْعِمْنِي فَإِنَّهُ يُطْعَمُ مِنْ سَاعَتِهِ.


6. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from ‘Abd Allah from Ibrahim ibn Ishaq from ‘Abd Allah ibn Ahmad from al-Hassan ibn ‘Urwah son of the sister of Shu’ayb al-‘Aqarqufiy from his maternal uncle, Shu’ayb who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said to me, ‘If one feels hungry he should take Wudu’ and perform two Rak‘at Salah (prayer), then say, “O my Lord, I am hungry. Please feed me.” He will be fed within the same hour.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/459)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ صَبِيحٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا غَدَوْتَ فِي حَاجَتِكَ بَعْدَ أَنْ تَجِبَ الصَّلاَةُ فَصَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَإِذَا فَرَغْتَ مِنَ التَّشَهُّدِ قُلْتَ اللهمَّ إِنِّي غَدَوْتُ أَلْتَمِسُ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ كَمَا أَمَرْتَنِي فَارْزُقْنِي رِزْقاً حَلاَلاً طَيِّباً وَأَعْطِنِي فِيمَا رَزَقْتَنِي الْعَافِيَةَ تُعِيدُهَا ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ تُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ أُخْرَاوَيْنِ فَإِذَا فَرَغْتَ مِنَ التَّشَهُّدِ قُلْتَ بِحَوْلِ الله وَقُوَّتِهِ غَدَوْتُ بِغَيْرِ حَوْلٍ مِنِّي وَلاَ قُوَّةٍ وَلَكِنْ بِحَوْلِكَ يَا رَبِّ وَقُوَّتِكَ وَأَبْرَأُ إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْحَوْلِ وَالْقُوَّةِ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بَرَكَةَ هَذَا الْيَوْمِ وَبَرَكَةَ أَهْلِهِ وَأَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تَرْزُقَنِي مِنْ فَضْلِكَ رِزْقاً وَاسِعاً طَيِّباً حَلاَلاً تَسُوقُهُ إِلَيَّ بِحَوْلِكَ وَقُوَّتِكَ وَأَنَا خَافِضٌ فِي عَافِيَتِكَ تَقُولُهَا ثَلاَثاً.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father, from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from al-Walid ibn Sabih who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when you in the morning after Salah (prayer) want to go to work, perform two Rak‘at Salah (prayer). After saying the testimonies say, ‘O Lord, I have attended this morning and I seek favor through Your generosity, as You have commanded, in the form of lawful and fine sustenance with which You will grant me good health.’ Say it three times. Then perform another two Rak‘at Salah (prayer). At the end of testimonies say, ‘By the power and means of Allah, I attend this morning not by my own power and means, but by Your power and means, O Lord, and I disassociate from all powers and means. O Lord, I appeal to You for the blessings of this day and the blessings of the people of this day. I appeal before You to grant me through Your generosity vast, fine and lawful sustenance which You will send to me by Your means and power so I can live affluently in good health.’ Say it three times.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/459)