44. Matters Accepted From Salah (Prayer) of a Forgetful Person

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّ عَمَّاراً السَّابَاطِيَّ رَوَى عَنْكَ رِوَايَةً قَالَ وَمَا هِيَ قُلْتُ رَوَى أَنَّ السُّنَّةَ فَرِيضَةٌ فَقَالَ أَيْنَ يَذْهَبُ أَيْنَ يَذْهَبُ لَيْسَ هَكَذَا حَدَّثْتُهُ إِنَّمَا قُلْتُ لَهُ مَنْ صَلَّى فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَى صَلاَتِهِ لَمْ يُحَدِّثْ نَفْسَهُ فِيهَا أَوْ لَمْ يَسْهُ فِيهَا أَقْبَلَ الله عَلَيْهِ مَا أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْهَا فَرُبَّمَا رُفِعَ نِصْفُهَا أَوْ رُبُعُهَا أَوْ ثُلُثُهَا أَوْ خُمُسُهَا وَإِنَّمَا أَمَرْنَا بِالسُّنَّةِ لِيَكْمُلَ بِهَا مَا ذَهَبَ مِنَ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Hisham ibn Salim from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, "Ammar al-Sabatiy has narrated from you a Hadith.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘What Hadith is it? 5 I then said, ‘He narrates that Sunnah is obligatory.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Where does he go! Where does he go! I did not speak to him as such. I only said to him that when performing Salah (prayer) if one is attentive toward it, does not speak to one’s soul in it and does not make mistakes in it, Allah comes forward eagerly to what is performed eagerly. Perhaps one half is raised, one fourth, one third or one fifth is raised. We command to perform Sunnah only to complete what is missed of obligatory ones.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/233)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ لَيُرْفَعُ لَهُ مِنْ صَلاَتِهِ نِصْفُهَا أَوْ ثُلُثُهَا أَوْ رُبُعُهَا أَوْ خُمُسُهَا فَمَا يُرْفَعُ لَهُ إِلاَّ مَا أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْهِ بِقَلْبِهِ وَإِنَّمَا أَمَرْنَا بِالنَّافِلَةِ لِيَتِمَّ لَهُمْ بِهَا مَا نَقَصُوا مِنَ الْفَرِيضَةِ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr Hisham ibn Salim from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Of Salah (prayer) of a servant (of Allah) sometimes one-half, sometimes one-third, one-fourth or one-fifth is raised. Whatever is raised is only what one has performed with love from his heart. We only command to perform optional Salah (prayer) to complete what it is cut short of obligatory ones.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/234)



3ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَجُلٌ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَأَنَا أَسْمَعُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنِّي كَثِيرُ السَّهْوِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَقَالَ وَهَلْ يَسْلَمُ مِنْهُ أَحَدٌ فَقُلْتُ مَا أَظُنُّ أَحَداً أَكْثَرَ سَهْواً مِنِّي فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ يُرْفَعُ لَهُ ثُلُثُ صَلاَتِهِ وَنِصْفُهَا وَثَلاَثَةُ أَرْبَاعِهَا وَأَقَلُّ وَأَكْثَرُ عَلَى قَدْرِ سَهْوِهِ فِيهَا لَكِنَّهُ يَتِمُّ لَهُ مِنَ النَّوَافِلِ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ مَا أَرَى النَّوَافِلَ يَنْبَغِي أَنْ تُتْرَكَ عَلَى حَالٍ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَجَلْ لاَ.


3. It is a narration from him (narrator of previous Hadith) by Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir from who has said the following: “Once, when I was present, a man said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, I make a great number of mistakes in my Salah (prayer).’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Has anyone remained safe thereby?’ I (the narrator) then said, ‘I think no one makes as many mistakes as I do.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said to him, ‘O abu Muhammad, sometimes of Salah (prayer) of a servant (of Allah) one-third is raised, sometimes one-half or three- fourth or less or more depending upon the quantity of one’s mistakes in that Salah (prayer). However, it is completed with his optional Salah (prayer).’ Abu Basir then said to him (the Imam), ‘I think, optional Salah (prayer) should not be omitted in any condition.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘Yes, it should not be omitted.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/234)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ وَأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنَّهُمَا قَالاَ إِنَّمَا لَكَ مِنْ صَلاَتِكَ مَا أَقْبَلْتَ عَلَيْهِ مِنْهَا فَإِنْ أَوْهَمَهَا كُلَّهَا أَوْ غَفَلَ عَنْ أَدَائِهَا لُفَّتْ فَضُرِبَ بِهَا وَجْهُ صَاحِبِهَا.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, and abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, have said, ‘Of your Salah (prayer) only that much is for you which you have performed with love. If one instills delusion in Salah (prayer) or omits it altogether, then such Salah (prayer) is rolled up and is struck against the face of its owner.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/235)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَالَ فِي كِتَابِ حَرِيزٍ أَنَّهُ قَالَ إِنِّي نَسِيتُ أَنِّي فِي صَلاَةٍ فَرِيضَةٍ حَتَّى رَكَعْتُ وَأَنَا أَنْوِيهَا تَطَوُّعاً قَالَ فَقَالَ هِيَ الَّتِي قُمْتَ فِيهَا إِنْ كُنْتَ قُمْتَ وَأَنْتَ تَنْوِي فَرِيضَةً ثُمَّ دَخَلَكَ الشَّكُّ فَأَنْتَ فِي الْفَرِيضَةِ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ دَخَلْتَ فِي نَافِلَةٍ فَنَوَيْتَهَا فَرِيضَةً فَأَنْتَ فِي النَّافِلَةِ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ دَخَلْتَ فِي فَرِيضَةٍ ثُمَّ ذَكَرْتَ نَافِلَةً كَانَتْ عَلَيْكَ فَامْضِ فِي الْفَرِيضَةِ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah who has said the following: “It is in the book of Hariz who has said that once I forgot about my being in obligatory Salah (prayer) until Ruku‘ (bowing down on one’s knees). Can I make my intention for it to be an optional Salah (prayer)? He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘It is what you had stood up for. If you stood up to perform an obligatory Salah (prayer) then doubts entered, you are still in obligatory Salah (prayer). If you stood up for optional Salah (prayer) then made your intention for obligatory Salah (prayer), you were still in optional Salah (prayer). If you stood up for obligatory then you remembered optional Salah (prayer) which was due, you were to complete it as obligatory.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/235)