89. Salah (prayer) for Rain

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ وَالْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ مُرَّةَ مَوْلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ صَاحَ أَهْلُ الْمَدِينَةِ إِلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ فِي الاسْتِسْقَاءِ فَقَالَ لِيَ انْطَلِقْ إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَسَلْهُ مَا رَأْيُكَ فَإِنَّ هَؤُلاَءِ قَدْ صَاحُوا إِلَيَّ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ فَقَالَ لِي قُلْ لَهُ فَلْيَخْرُجْ قُلْتُ لَهُ مَتَى يَخْرُجُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَالَ يَوْمَ الاثْنَيْنِ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ يَصْنَعُ قَالَ يُخْرِجُ الْمِنْبَرَ ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ يَمْشِي كَمَا يَمْشِي يَوْمَ الْعِيدَيْنِ وَبَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ الْمُؤَذِّنُونَ فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ عَنَزُهُمْ حَتَّى إِذَا انْتَهَى إِلَى الْمُصَلَّى يُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ بِغَيْرِ أَذَانٍ وَلاَ إِقَامَةٍ ثُمَّ يَصْعَدُ الْمِنْبَرَ فَيَقْلِبُ رِدَاءَهُ فَيَجْعَلُ الَّذِي عَلَى يَمِينِهِ عَلَى يَسَارِهِ وَالَّذِي عَلَى يَسَارِهِ عَلَى يَمِينِهِ ثُمَّ يَسْتَقْبِلُ الْقِبْلَةَ فَيُكَبِّرُ الله مِائَةَ تَكْبِيرَةٍ رَافِعاً بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ثُمَّ يَلْتَفِتُ إِلَى النَّاسِ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ فَيُسَبِّحُ الله مِائَةَ تَسْبِيحَةٍ رَافِعاً بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ثُمَّ يَلْتَفِتُ إِلَى النَّاسِ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ فَيُهَلِّلُ الله مِائَةَ تَهْلِيلَةٍ رَافِعاً بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ثُمَّ يَسْتَقْبِلُ النَّاسَ فَيَحْمَدُ الله مِائَةَ تَحْمِيدَةٍ ثُمَّ يَرْفَعُ يَدَيْهِ فَيَدْعُو ثُمَّ يَدْعُونَ فَإِنِّي لأَرْجُو أَنْ لاَ يَخِيبُوا قَالَ فَفَعَلَ فَلَمَّا رَجَعْنَا جَاءَ الْمَطَرُ قَالُوا هَذَا مِنْ تَعْلِيمِ جَعْفَرٍ. وَفِي رِوَايَةِ يُونُسَ فَمَا رَجَعْنَا حَتَّى أَهَمَّتْنَا أَنْفُسُنَا.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Muhammad ibn Muslim and al-Husayn ibn Muhammad from ’Abd Allah ibn ‘Amir from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Ahmad ibn Sulayman all from Murrah Mawla’ Muhammad ibn Khalid who has said the following: “People of al-Madinah cried before Muhammad ibn Khalid about Salah (prayer) for rain. He said to me, ’Go to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and ask him what is his opinion. These people cry before me.’ I went to him (the Imam) and conveyed to him (the Imam) the message. He (the Imam) told me to tell him (Muhammad ibn Khalid) to go out (for Salah (prayer) for rain). I then asked, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, when he should go out? 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘He should go out on Monday.’ I then asked, ‘What should he do?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He takes out the pulpit, then he goes out and walks as it is done on both ‘Id days with those calling Adhan in front of him with their staff in their hands, until they are in the place for Salah (prayer). He performs, with people, two Rak‘at without Adhan and ‘Iqamah, then he climbs on the pulpit with his gown turned upside down by wearing its right shoulder (sleeve) on his left shoulder (arm) and its left sleeve on his right shoulder. He then faces al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah) and says Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) one hundred times, raising his voice. He then turns to people on his right side and says Tasbih (Allah is free of all defects) one hundred times, raising his voice. He then turns to the people on his left side and says Tahlil, (no one deserves worship except Allah) one hundred times, raising his voice. He then turns to the people and says Tahmid, (all praise belongs to Allah) one hundred times, raising his voice. He then raises his hand and pleads. They also plead. I hope they will not be deprived.’ He (the narrator) has said that he followed the instruction and when we returned rain came and they said, ‘It is of the instruction of Ja‘far (‘ Alayhi al-Salam).’” “In the narration of Yunus it is said, ‘We had not returned yet that rain came.’” (Hadith 1 is best explained by fatwa.)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/436)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ صَلاَةِ الاسْتِسْقَاءِ فَقَالَ مِثْلُ صَلاَةِ الْعِيدَيْنِ يَقْرَأُ فِيهَا وَيُكَبِّرُ فِيهَا كَمَا يَقْرَأُ وَيُكَبِّرُ فِيهَا يَخْرُجُ الإِمَامُ وَيَبْرُزُ إِلَى مَكَانٍ نَظِيفٍ فِي سَكِينَةٍ وَوَقَارٍ وَخُشُوعٍ وَمَسْكَنَةٍ وَيَبْرُزُ مَعَهُ النَّاسُ فَيَحْمَدُ الله وَيُمَجِّدُهُ وَيُثْنِي عَلَيْهِ وَيَجْتَهِدُ فِي الدُّعَاءِ وَيُكْثِرُ مِنَ التَّسْبِيحِ وَالتَّهْلِيلِ وَالتَّكْبِيرِ وَيُصَلِّي مِثْلَ صَلاَةِ الْعِيدَيْنِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فِي دُعَاءٍ وَمَسْأَلَةٍ وَاجْتِهَادٍ فَإِذَا سَلَّمَ الإِمَامُ قَلَبَ ثَوْبَهُ وَجَعَلَ الْجَانِبَ الَّذِي عَلَى الْمَنْكِبِ الأيْمَنِ عَلَى الأيْسَرِ وَالَّذِي عَلَى الأيْسَرِ عَلَى الأيْمَنِ فَإِنَّ النَّبِيَّ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَذَلِكَ صَنَعَ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn af-Hakam who has said the following: “I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about Salah (prayer) for rain. The Imam said, ‘It is like Salah (prayer) of ‘Idayn (Salah (prayer) for two ‘Sa’id) in which there is Takbir (saying Allah is great) just like in ‘Idayn. The Imam (prayer leader) comes out to a clean place with serenity, dignity, humbleness and a feeling of desperation. People also come with him, they then praise Allah, glorify Him, admire Him and strive to plead before Him. Say a great deal of Tasbih (Allah is free of all defects), Tahlil, (no one deserves worship except Allah), and Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) and perform Salah (prayer) just as in ‘Idayn which has two Rak‘at with supplications and striving. When Salah (prayer) ends with Imam’s saying, “I pray to Allah to grant you peace,” he then wears his gown upside down, places the right shoulder in place of the left shoulder and vice versa; the Holy Prophet would do so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/437)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ تَحْوِيلِ النَّبِيِّ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) رِدَاءَهُ إِذَا اسْتَسْقَى فَقَالَ عَلاَمَةٌ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ أَصْحَابِهِ يُحَوَّلُ الْجَدْبُ خِصْباً.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya in a marfu‘ manner has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about how the Holy prophet turned his gown upside down when pleading before Allah for rain. He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘It is a sign between him and his companions that turns aridity to fertility.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع وآخره مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/438)



4ـ وَفِي رِوَايَةِ ابْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَالَ يُكَبِّرُ فِي صَلاَةِ الاسْتِسْقَاءِ كَمَا يُكَبِّرُ فِي الْعِيدَيْنِ فِي الأولَى سَبْعاً وَفِي الثَّانِيَةِ خَمْساً وَيُصَلِّي قَبْلَ الْخُطْبَةِ وَيَجْهَرُ بِالْقِرَاءَةِ وَيَسْتَسْقِي وَهُوَ قَاعِدٌ.


4. It is in the narration of ibn al-Mughirah: that Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) in Salah (prayer) for rain is said in the same way as on the day of ‘Id, seven times in the first Rak‘at and five times in the second Rak‘at. He (the Imam) performs Salah (prayer) before the sermon; recites aloud and pleads for rain when he is sitting . (Ahadith 3-4 and the following chapter are best by fatwa.)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: سكت عنه 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/438)