44. A Qualified Recipient Who Refuses to Receive Zakat

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْهَيْثَمِ بْنِ أَبِي مَسْرُوقٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ مَرْوَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ هِلاَلِ بْنِ خَاقَانَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُولُ تَارِكُ الزَّكَاةِ وَقَدْ وَجَبَتْ لَهُ مِثْلُ مَانِعِهَا وَقَدْ وَجَبَتْ عَلَيْهِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Haytham ibn abu Masruq from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Marwan ibn Muslim from ’Abd Allah ibn Hilal ibn Khaqan who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘One who refuses to receive Zakat, when it is obligatory on him to receive is like one who refuses to pay Zakat when it is obligatory on him to pay.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/116)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَظِيمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله الْعَلَوِيِّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ تَارِكُ الزَّكَاةِ وَقَدْ وَجَبَتْ لَهُ كَمَانِعِهَا وَقَدْ وَجَبَتْ عَلَيْهِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from ‘Abd al-‘Azim ibn ‘Abd Allah al-‘Alaviy from al- Husayn ibn Ali from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who refuses to receive Zakat, when it is obligatory on him to receive is like one who refuses to pay Zakat when it is obligatory up on him to pay.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/117)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) الرَّجُلُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا يَسْتَحْيِي أَنْ يَأْخُذَ مِنَ الزَّكَاةِ فَأُعْطِيهِ مِنَ الزَّكَاةِ وَلاَ أُسَمِّي لَهُ أَنَّهَا مِنَ الزَّكَاةِ فَقَالَ أَعْطِهِ وَلاَ تُسَمِّ لَهُ وَلاَ تُذِلَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from ‘Asem from Humayd from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man of our people who is a deserving beneficiary of Zakat but feels shy to accept Zakat. Can I pay him Zakat without mentioning that it is Zakat?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Pay him and do not mention and you must not humiliate the believer.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/118)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) الرَّجُلُ يَكُونُ مُحْتَاجاً فَيُبْعَثُ إِلَيْهِ بِالصَّدَقَةِ فَلاَ يَقْبَلُهَا عَلَى وَجْهِ الصَّدَقَةِ يَأْخُذُهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ذِمَامٌ وَاسْتِحْيَاءٌ وَانْقِبَاضٌ أَ فَيُعْطِيهَا إِيَّاهُ عَلَى غَيْرِ ذَلِكَ الْوَجْهِ وَهِيَ مِنَّا صَدَقَةٌ فَقَالَ لاَ إِذَا كَانَتْ زَكَاةً فَلَهُ أَنْ يَقْبَلَهَا فَإِنْ لَمْ يَقْبَلْهَا عَلَى وَجْهِ الزَّكَاةِ فَلاَ تُعْطِهَا إِيَّاهُ وَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهُ أَنْ يَسْتَحْيِيَ مِمَّا فَرَضَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنَّمَا هِيَ فَرِيضَةُ الله لَهُ فَلاَ يَسْتَحْيِي مِنْهَا.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz, from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is needy and I send him charity (Zakat) but he does not accept as charity (Zakat); it causes him to be protective, shy and depressed. Can I give without the aspect of charity (Zakat) when it is charity (Zakat) from us?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If it is Zakat he must accept it and if he does not accept it with the aspect of Zakat, then do not give it to him. It is not proper for him to be shy about what Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has made obligatory. It is only obligatory from Allah for him and he must not feel shy about it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/118)