88. Salah (Prayer) of Both ‘Id and the Sermon for it

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) لَيْسَ فِي يَوْمِ الْفِطْرِ وَالأضْحَى أَذَانٌ وَلاَ إِقَامَةٌ أَذَانُهُمَا طُلُوعُ الشَّمْسِ إِذَا طَلَعَتْ خَرَجُوا وَلَيْسَ قَبْلَهُمَا وَلاَ بَعْدَهُمَا صَلاَةٌ وَمَنْ لَمْ يُصَلِّ مَعَ إِمَامٍ فِي جَمَاعَةٍ فَلاَ صَلاَةَ لَهُ وَلاَ قَضَاءَ عَلَيْهِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘There Adhan or ‘Iqamah is not for the day of al-Fitr and al- Adha’. Adhan for it is sunrise. When it is sunrise, they go out. There is not any Salah (prayer) before or after it. If one does not perform Salah (prayer) with an Imam in congregation, there is not any Salah (prayer) for him and performing Qada’ (compensatory prayer) also is not necessary for him.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/430)



2ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مَعْمَرِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ لاَ صَلاَةَ يَوْمَ الْفِطْرِ وَالأضْحَى إِلاَّ مَعَ إِمَامٍ.


2. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from Ma‘mar ibn Yahya who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘There is not any Salah (prayer) on the day of al-Fitr or al- Adha’ except with Imam.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/431)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ صَلاَةِ الْعِيدَيْنِ فَقَالَ رَكْعَتَانِ لَيْسَ قَبْلَهُمَا وَلاَ بَعْدَهُمَا شَيْ‏ءٌ وَلَيْسَ فِيهِمَا أَذَانٌ وَلاَ إِقَامَةٌ يُكَبِّرُ فِيهِمَا اثْنَتَيْ عَشَرَ تَكْبِيرَةً يَبْدَأُ فَيُكَبِّرُ وَيَفْتَتِحُ الصَّلاَةَ ثُمَّ يَقْرَأُ فَاتِحَةَ الْكِتَابِ ثُمَّ يَقْرَأُ وَالشَّمْسِ وَضُحَيهَا ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ خَمْسَ تَكْبِيرَاتٍ ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ وَيَرْكَعُ فَيَكُونُ يَرْكَعُ بِالسَّابِعَةِ ثُمَّ يَسْجُدُ سَجْدَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ فَيَقْرَأُ فَاتِحَةَ الْكِتَابِ وَهَلْ أَتَيكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ أَرْبَعَ تَكْبِيرَاتٍ وَيَسْجُدُ سَجْدَتَيْنِ وَيَتَشَهَّدُ وَيُسَلِّمُ قَالَ وَكَذَلِكَ صَنَعَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَالْخُطْبَةُ بَعْدَ الصَّلاَةِ إِنَّمَا أَحْدَثَ الْخُطْبَةَ قَبْلَ الصَّلاَةِ عُثْمَانُ وَإِذَا خَطَبَ الإِمَامُ فَلْيَقْعُدْ بَيْنَ الْخُطْبَتَيْنِ قَلِيلاً وَيَنْبَغِي لِلإِمَامِ أَنْ يَلْبَسَ يَوْمَ الْعِيدَيْنِ بُرْداً وَيَعْتَمَّ شَاتِياً كَانَ أَوْ قَائِظاً وَيَخْرُجُ إِلَى الْبَرِّ حَيْثُ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى آفَاقِ السَّمَاءِ وَلاَ يُصَلِّي عَلَى حَصِيرٍ وَلاَ يَسْجُدُ عَلَيْهِ وَقَدْ كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَخْرُجُ إِلَى الْبَقِيعِ فَيُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ.


3. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Mu‘awiyah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about Salah (prayer) of both ‘Id. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is a two Rak‘at and there is not anything before or after them. Adhan or ‘Iqamah is not required. There are twelve Takbir (Allah is great beyond description). When Takbir is said and Salah (prayer) is commenced, he then recites al-Fatihah al-Kitab, then wa al-Shams and Duha’ha’ (Chapter 91), then says five Takbir. After saying Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) he performs Ruku‘ (bowing down on one’s knees), so he performs Ruku‘ after the seventh Takbir. He then performs two Sajdah (prostration), then stands up and recites al-Fatihah al-Kitab and Hal Ataka Hadith al-Ghashiyah (chapter 88), then says four Takbir, performs two Sajdah (prostration), says Tashahhud (testimonies of belief) and Salam (the phrase of offering greeting of peace). He (the Imam) said, ‘This is how the Messenger of Allah did. The sermon is after Salah (prayer). ‘Uthman was the one who initiated it before Salah (prayer). When the Imam delivers the sermon he sits down between the two sermons for a short time. It is proper for the Imam to wear burd (a certain kind of gown) on both ‘Id days and a shatiy turban or Qa’iz (certain kinds of fabrics). He goes out in the open so he can see the horizons of the sky. He does not perform Salah (prayer) on a mat or Sajdah (prostration) on it. The Messenger of Allah would go to al-Baqi‘ and perform Salah (prayer) with people.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح على الظاهر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/432)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ لَيْثٍ الْمُرَادِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قِيلَ لِرَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَوْمَ فِطْرٍ أَوْ يَوْمَ أَضْحًى لَوْ صَلَّيْتَ فِي مَسْجِدِكَ فَقَالَ إِنِّي لأُحِبُّ أَنْ أَبْرُزَ إِلَى آفَاقِ السَّمَاءِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from al-Mufaddal ibn Salih from Layth al-Muradiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that once it was said to the Messenger of Allah, ‘Would that you perform Salah (prayer) on al-Fitr or al-Adha’ days in your Masjid!’ The Messenger of Allah said, ‘I love to come out for the horizons of the sky.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/433)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فِي صَلاَةِ الْعِيدَيْنِ قَالَ يُكَبِّرُ ثُمَّ يَقْرَأُ ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ خَمْساً وَيَقْنُتُ بَيْنَ كُلِّ تَكْبِيرَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ السَّابِعَةَ وَيَرْكَعُ بِهَا ثُمَّ يَسْجُدُ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ فِي الثَّانِيَةِ فَيَقْرَأُ ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ أَرْبَعاً فَيَقْنُتُ بَيْنَ كُلِّ تَكْبِيرَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ وَيَرْكَعُ بِهَا.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Salah (prayer) of both ‘Id commences with Takbir (Allah is great beyond description). There is then the recitation, then five Takbir, and there is Qunut (supplication) between each two Takbir. Then is the seventh Takbir, then Ruku‘ (bowing down on one’s knees), then Sajdah (prostration), then he (the Imam) stands up for the second Rak‘at. He recites, then says four Takbir with Qunut (supplication) between every two Takbir, then says Takbir and performs Ruku‘ (bowing down on one’s knees).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/433)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنْ يُخْرَجَ السِّلاَحُ فِي الْعِيدَيْنِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ عَدُوٌّ حَاضِرٌ.


6. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Ja‘far has narrated from his father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has said that the Messenger of Allah prohibited taking out arms on both days of ‘Id unless enemy was present.’”




7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ أُتِيَ أَبِي بِالْخُمْرَةِ يَوْمَ الْفِطْرِ فَأَمَرَ بِرَدِّهَا ثُمَّ قَالَ هَذَا يَوْمٌ كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يُحِبُّ أَنْ يَنْظُرَ إِلَى آفَاقِ السَّمَاءِ وَيَضَعَ وَجْهَهُ عَلَى الأرْضِ.


7. Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Rib‘i ibn ‘Abd Allah from al-Fadl ibn Yasar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘On the day of al-Fitr al-Khumrah (mat) was brought for my father but he commanded to return it and then said, “This is a day on which the Messenger of Allah loved to look at the horizons of the sky and place his face on earth.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/434)



8ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ اجْتَمَعَ عِيدَانِ عَلَى عَهْدِ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَخَطَبَ النَّاسَ ثُمَّ قَالَ هَذَا يَوْمٌ اجْتَمَعَ فِيهِ عِيدَانِ فَمَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يَجْمَعَ مَعَنَا فَلْيَفْعَلْ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْ فَإِنَّ لَهُ رُخْصَةً يَعْنِي مَنْ كَانَ مُتَنَحِّياً.


8. Al-Flusayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Salamah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘During the time of ’Amir al-Mu’minin two ‘Id happened on one day. ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, delivered a sermon and said, “This is a day in which two ‘Id have taken place. Those who love can join us and those who do not want to join us, they have permission to do so”, meaning those who keep aside.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/434)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ فَاتَتْهُ رَكْعَةٌ مَعَ الإِمَامِ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ أَيَّامَ التَّشْرِيقِ قَالَ يُتِمُّ الصَّلاَةَ وَيُكَبِّرُ.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who has missed one Rak‘at of Salah (prayer) with Imam on the days of al-Tashriq (11,12 and 13 of Dhul Hajj). He (the Imam) said, ‘He must complete Salah (prayer) and say Takbir (Allah is great beyond description).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/435)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ السُّنَّةُ عَلَى أَهْلِ الأمْصَارِ أَنْ يَبْرُزُوا مِنْ أَمْصَارِهِمْ فِي الْعِيدَيْنِ إِلاَّ أَهْلَ مَكَّةَ فَإِنَّهُمْ يُصَلُّونَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya in a marfu‘ manner has narrated from the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is of Sunnah for the people of the cities to go out in the open on both ‘Id days except people of Makkah; they perform Salah (prayer) in Masjid al-Haram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/436)



11ـ مُحَمَّدٌ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ الْهَاشِمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ رَكْعَتَانِ مِنَ السُّنَّةِ لَيْسَ تُصَلَّيَانِ فِي مَوْضِعٍ إِلاَّ بِالْمَدِينَةِ قَالَ يُصَلِّي فِي مَسْجِدِ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي الْعِيدِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ إِلَى الْمُصَلَّى لَيْسَ ذَلِكَ إِلاَّ بِالْمَدِينَةِ لأَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَعَلَهُ.


11. Muhammad ibn al-Flassan ibn Ali ibn ‘Abd Allah has narrated from al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Amir from Aban from Muhammad ibn al-Fadl al- Flashimiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘There are two Rak‘at Salah (prayer) which are of Sunnah but they are not performed anywhere else except in a certain place of al-Madinah.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is performed in Masjid of the Messenger of Allah on ‘Id before going out to the place for Salah (prayer). It is not done anywhere else except al-Madinah; the Messenger of Allah did so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/436)