77. People Who Die in Ships and Cannot Be Brought Ashore or Are Naked

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1ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ الْحُرِّ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ مَاتَ فِي سَفِينَةٍ فِي الْبَحْرِ كَيْفَ يُصْنَعُ بِهِ قَالَ يُوضَعُ فِي خَابِيَةٍ وَيُوكَى رَأْسُهَا وَيُطْرَحُ فِي الْمَاءِ.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from Safwan ibn Yahya from ibn Muskan from Ayyub al-Hurr who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about one who dies in a ship in the ocean. He (the Imam) said, ‘The deceased is placed in a vat and with its opening sealed is thrown into the water.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/159)



2ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَمُوتُ مَعَ الْقَوْمِ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَقَالَ يُغَسَّلُ وَيُكَفَّنُ وَيُصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ وَيُثْقَلُ وَيُرْمَى بِهِ فِي الْبَحْرِ.


2. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad from more than one person from Aban from a man who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about one who dies in the company of people in the ocean. He (the Imam) said, ‘Ghusl (bath), shroud and Salah (prayer) are done for him and with some weight tied to him is thrown in the ocean.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/160)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا مَاتَ الرَّجُلُ فِي السَّفِينَةِ وَلَمْ يُقْدَرْ عَلَى الشَّطِّ قَالَ يُكَفَّنُ وَيُحَنَّطُ وَيُلَفُّ فِي ثَوْبٍ وَيُلْقَى فِي الْمَاءِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad in a marfu‘ manner has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one dies in a ship and it is not possible to bring him to the shore, shroud and hunut are done for him, after wrapping in a piece of cloth, is thrown into the water.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/160)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مَرْوَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَى قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) مَا تَقُولُ فِي قَوْمٍ كَانُوا فِي سَفَرٍ فَهُمْ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى سَاحِلِ الْبَحْرِ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِرَجُلٍ مَيِّتٍ عُرْيَانٍ قَدْ لَفَظَهُ الْبَحْرُ وَهُمْ عُرَاةٌ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِمْ إِلاَّ إِزَارٌ كَيْفَ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَيْهِ وَهُوَ عُرْيَانٌ وَلَيْسَ مَعَهُمْ فَضْلُ ثَوْبٍ يُكَفِّنُونَهُ فِيهِ قَالَ يُحْفَرُ لَهُ وَيُوضَعُ فِي لَحْدِهِ وَيُوضَعُ اللَّبِنُ عَلَى عَوْرَتِهِ لِتَسْتُرَ عَوْرَتُهُ بِاللَّبِنِ ثُمَّ يُصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ يُدْفَنُ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَلاَ يُصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ إِذَا دُفِنَ قَالَ لاَ يُصَلَّى عَلَى الْمَيِّتِ بَعْدَ مَا يُدْفَنُ وَلاَ يُصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ وَهُوَ عُرْيَانٌ حَتَّى تُوَارَى عَوْرَتُهُ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Marwan ibn Muslim from ‘Ammar ibn Musa who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘What do you say about a people who walk during a journey on the sea shore; they find a dead man who is naked, thrown out by the ocean and they also are naked except for a loin cloth on them; how do they perform Salah (prayer) for him when he is naked? They do not have extra clothes with them to use as shroud for him. He (the Imam) said, ‘A grave is dug and he is placed in it and with a piece of brick placed on his private parts, Salah (prayer) is performed for him and then he is buried.’ I (the narrator) asked. ‘Can Salah (prayer) be made after he is buried? He (the Imam) said, ‘Once a deceased is buried Salah (prayer) is not performed, nor when he is naked and before his private parts are covered.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/160)